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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP English Language & Composition
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Lecture Comments (2)

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Post by Hannah Jung on December 1 at 02:33:50 PM

I cant find the 2008 released test. Can I get direct link to it?

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Post by Julia Streeter on April 7 at 03:49:03 PM

I cannot locate the 2008 Released Test you are referring to.
Can I get a direct link?

Multiple Choice Practice

  • Source Passage
    • This lesson will cover the first passage in the College Board’s 2008 multiple-choice section (it’s available in the Course Description on the College Board website). (The link is here: http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-english-course-description.pdf)
    • This lesson will only cover the first passage, located on page 14 of the PDF.
    • The rest of the passages will be covered in the walkthrough at the end of the course.
  • Read the Passage
    • Read for the big picture!
      • Try to get the main ideas
      • Look for the overall structure
      • Pay attention to the author’s goal, tone, and point of view.
  • The Questions
    • There are ten questions associated with this passage.
      • Questions 1-2: details
      • Question 3: big picture
      • Questions 4-7: details
      • Question 8: big picture
      • Question 9: detail
      • Question 10: big picture
  • Big-Picture Questions
    • Question 3: Where is the extended analogy?
      • Look for the simile (the word “as” appears in line 10 and the following sentences).
      • The analogy compares writing to conversation, and writing in a familiar style to reading aloud fluently.
      • You can eliminate choices A and B because the passage doesn’t make much mention of morality, and never mentions acting except to warn the reader against declaiming like an actor does.
      • You can eliminate choice D because the analogy between vulgar English and incorrect pronunciation appears only briefly.
      • Eliminate E; it’s off-topic.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 8: What technique or tone does the author use?
      • Choice A sounds promising; the line reads as if it’s sarcastic.
      • Eliminate Choice B; it is not a paradox because there is no contradiction in the statement.
      • Eliminate Choices C and D; the author doesn’t talk much about popularity, and there is no defense of Johnson.
      • Eliminate E; the author specifically advises the reader not to write in this way.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 10: What is the author’s tone?
      • Remember to look at the language of the passage and the overall “feel” of the writing.
      • Choice A doesn’t look good; “harsh” and “strident” are extreme words, and this isn’t an extreme passage.
      • There is no reason to disqualify Choice B.
      • Eliminate Choice C; the author is not trying to conciliate.
      • Eliminate Choice D; this passage is opposed to superficiality.
      • Eliminate Choice E: the passage doesn’t seem especially optimistic or pessimistic.
      • Answer: B
  • Detail Questions
    • Question 1: What is the rhetorical function of the second sentence?
      • Go back and read this sentence and the one before it.
      • Eliminate Choice A; there is no reference to authority.
      • Choice B doesn’t look good; second sentences rarely “restate” anything.
      • Eliminate Choice C; this passage has little to do with morality.
      • There is no reason to discard Choice D; it does make the first sentence more specific.
      • Choice E is promising; the author spends a lot of time correcting the misconception in this sentence.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 2: Which phrase describes a pretentious writing style?
      • Go back and read each phrase in context!
      • Eliminate Choices A and C; both of these phrases describe an overly casual style, not a pretentious one.
      • Eliminate Choice B; the act of “throw[ing] words together” does not belong exclusively to pretentious writing.
      • Eliminate Choice E; “pitch upon the very word” describes choosing exactly the right word, which is not pretentious.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 4: What does this phrase mean in context?
      • Go back and read the context! Don’t be fooled by the simple definition!
      • Eliminate Choice A; metaphorical language is in no way “common”
      • Eliminate Choice B; the author discourages the use of slang.
      • Eliminate Choices D and E; the author discourages the use of regional slang and impolite speech.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 5: Finding a parallel.
      • Check the grammar and theme of the word “tone”, since you have to find a word that is parallel in both senses.
      • The word is a noun, the subject of a preposition; it’s also a negative example.
      • Choice A is promising; it’s part of the same sentence as “tone” and has a strongly parallel construction, with two negative examples.
      • Eliminate Choices B, C, and D; they are all the objects of prepositions.
      • Eliminate Choice E; it’s a verb.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 6: What does this phrase mean in context?
      • Go back and read the context! Don’t be fooled by the simple definition!
      • Think about all the possible meanings of the word “pitch”.
      • Eliminate Choices A, C, and D; this sentence is about precision, and all these choices are casual options.
      • Choice B is promising, but Choice E is more focused on word choice, which is the core of the sentence.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 7: Where does this idea recur?
      • Read the original statement in context, and use your memory of the big picture to recall where this idea shows up again.
      • Eliminate Choices A, B, and D; these are all negative examples, while the phrase in the question describes an idea that the author praises highly.
      • Eliminate Choice E; it’s a positive example of what the author is getting at, but it’s very general, and you want to be as specific as you can.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 9: Find the antecedent.
      • Reread the line in question. Remember that antecedents must be close to the pronouns they inform, and that they must agree in number and gender (where relevant).
      • The nearest antecedent is “word”, which would mean that “those” takes the place of “words.”
      • Choice I is “word”.
      • Choices II and III would both require the passage to violate the rules of antecedents.
      • Eliminate every choice other than “I only.”
      • Answer: A
  • Final Tips
    • Read for the big picture first.
    • Watch for goal, tone, and point of view.
    • When answering detail questions, read for content and context.
    • Use process of elimination to increase your odds of guessing correctly.
    • If you just don’t know how to answer a question, circle it and move on. Come back later if you have time.

Multiple Choice Practice

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:09
  • Source Passage 0:25
  • Read the Passage 0:59
  • The Questions 1:23
  • Big-Picture Questions 1:50
    • Question 3
    • Question 8
    • Question 10
  • Detail Questions 5:32
    • Question 1
    • Question 2
    • Question 4
    • Question 5
    • Question 6
    • Question 7
    • Question 9
  • Final Tips 12:45