1 answerLast reply by: Professor Selhorst-Jones Sat Nov 24, 2012 1:09 PMPost by Tanveer Sehgal on November 24, 2012At 3:52 atoms have the same number of electrons and neutrons or electrons and protons? 1 answerLast reply by: Professor Selhorst-Jones Tue Apr 9, 2013 9:12 AMPost by help me on April 9 at 08:40:13 AMAt 18:18, I believe there is a misconception. + charges don't move only the negative charges. So it's supposed to be explained as negatively charged object repel the negative charges away on the second object so that on left side, number of positive charges are relatively more and it will be positively charged and on the other side number of electrons is more so that it will be negatively charged. This is what I know. If I am mistaken, please let me know. And thank you for being a great instructor.

### Electric Force & Charge

• Charge, like mass, is a fundamental characteristic. It is tied to the atomic make-up of an object. The unit for charge is the coulomb (C).
• Charge comes in two types: positive and negative.
• Like charges repel each other (positive & positive; negative & negative), while opposite charges attract (positive & negative).
• Electrons have a negative charge, while protons have a positive charge (neutrons have no charge). The amount of charge is equal for electrons and protons, just differing signs. The amount is the elementary charge
 e = 1.602 ·10−19  C.
• Normally, objects come with an equal amount of positive and negative charge in them, giving the object a net charge of zero. However, it is possible to disrupt this and move some charge off one object on to another. This will leave us with one positively charged object and one negatively charged object.
• While it is possible to displace charge, it is not possible to destroy it. Charge is conserved, even if the two types are separated onto different objects.
• The amount of force caused by charge is given by Coulomb's law. This force is called the electrostatic force.
 F = k· q1 ·q2 r2 ,
• q1 and q2 are the charges of the objects.
• r is the distance between the objects.
• k is the electrostatic constant:
 k = 8.99 ·109 N ·m2 C .
• If the product is negative, they attract; if positive, they repel.
• The direction of the force is a direct line from one object to the other.
• A conductor is a material where it is very easy to move charge around the material. An insulator is one where it is very difficult to move charge around.
• If we have two conductors, one of them charged, and we touch them together, the charge on the first object will spread out evenly between the two of them. This is called conduction.
• If we have a charged object and we bring it near a conductor (without touching), we can induce a charge "imbalance" in the conductor. The opposite charge type will move to get near the charged object, while the same charge type will move to get away from the charged object.

## Electric Force & Charge

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.