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Professor Sepand Shahab’s AP Music Theory course will teach you everything you need to know to not only read scores, but also score highly on the AP exam. Each lesson begins with an in-depth overview of the subject matter followed by several worked out examples like the ones you will encounter on the test. Professor Shahab breaks down topics into easy to learn segments and covers everything on the AP course such as Triads, Seventh Chords, Cadences, and Secondary Dominants. Professor Shahab has a Master's of Fine Arts along with 5+ years of music teaching experience.

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I. AP Music
  Note Reading 12:37
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:10 
   Note Names on the Keyboard and Staff 0:30 
    Helpful Tip to Remember 0:37 
   Memory Aids 3:46 
   Ledger Lines 5:41 
   Example 1 7:21 
   Example 2 9:29 
   Example 3 10:23 
   Example 4 11:20 
  Scales 23:25
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Whole Steps & Half Steps 0:36 
    Whole Steps 1:31 
    Half Steps 1:37 
   The Major Scale 3:31 
   Minor Scales 1: Natural Minor 5:07 
    Natural Minor Starts Here 5:31 
    Write Notes on Staff 5:45 
   Minor Scales 2: Harmonic Minor 7:11 
    G Sharp 7:27 
    Write Notes On Staff 8:04 
   Minor Scales 3: Melodic Minor 8:12 
    Descending Form on Scale 9:29 
    Ascending Form on Scale 10:02 
    Write Notes on Staff 10:27 
    Melodic Minor Ascending: Whole & Half Step Pattern 11:10 
    Melodic Minor Descending: Whole & Half Step Pattern 11:51 
   Example 1 12:29 
   Example 2 15:41 
   Example 3 18:31 
   Example 4 20:56 
  Key Signatures 18:41
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Why Key Signatures? 0:45 
   Using Scale Patterns to Find Key Signatures 2:50 
    Major Scale Reminder 3:00 
   The Circle of Fifths 5:36 
   Example 1 11:41 
   Example 2 13:52 
   Example 3 15:34 
   Example 4 17:37 
  Intervals 33:19
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Definition 0:28 
    What Is An Interval? 0:32 
    Melodic Example 1:00 
    Harmonic Example 1:07 
   Interval Numbers 1:30 
    Compound Interval 2:49 
   Interval Spellings 3:26 
    Number & Note Name 3:45 
   Interval Qualities 5:24 
    Major Scale 6:35 
    Perfect 7:14 
    Minor 7:38 
   Interval Alterations 8:55 
    Augmented Interval 9:42 
    Diminished Interval 10:11 
    Chart to Remember Interval Sizes 10:22 
   Using Key Signatures to Find Intervals 10:49 
    Practice Example: Major 12:03 
    Practice Example 2: Major 12:30 
    Practice Example: Minor 3rd 12:59 
    Practice Example: Minor 6th 13:33 
    Practice Example: Minor 7th 13:53 
   Using Key Signatures to Find Intervals, Part 2 14:13 
    Example: Major 3rd Above D Sharp 14:28 
    Example: Minor 6th Above G Flat 15:42 
   Inverting Intervals 16:45 
    What Major, Minor & Perfect Becomes 18:20 
   Example 1 19:09 
   Example 2 22:42 
   Example 3 24:35 
   Example 4 30:33 
  Triads 26:11
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Triads in Major 0:30 
    Quality of Triads 2:09 
    Upper Case = Major Triads 2:17 
    Lower Case = Minor Triads 2:28 
    Example: E Major 2:55 
    Tonic Degree 4:09 
    Supertonic Degree 4:13 
    Mediant Degree 4:21 
    Subdominant 4:28 
    Dominant 4:35 
    Submediant 4:40 
    Subtonic 4:49 
   Triads in Minor 5:47 
    a Minor 5:55 
    d Minor 6:58 
   Major Triads 8:04 
    Construct Major Triad: E flat 9:22 
    Construct Major Triad: D Flat 10:55 
   Minor Triads 11:44 
    Construct Minor Triad: F Sharp 12:30 
   Diminished Triads 14:02 
    Find Diminished Triad in B Major 15:02 
    Find Diminished Triad in B Minor 16:00 
   Augmented Triads 16:49 
    Structure 17:12 
    Turn E Major Chord Into Augmented Triads 17:39 
    Turn A Minor Chord Into Augmented Triads 18:52 
   Example 1 20:08 
   Example 2 21:11 
   Example 3 22:52 
   Example 4 24:19 
  Seventh Chords 19:42
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Seventh Chords in Major 0:26 
   Seventh Chords in Minor 2:56 
    Minor, Major, Dominant, Diminished 4:44 
   Major Seventh Chords 5:33 
    Practice 6:07 
   Minor Seventh Chords 7:10 
    Practice 7:35 
   Dominant Seventh Chords 8:38 
    Practice 9:10 
   Diminished Seventh Chords 10:14 
    Half-Diminished Seventh Chord 10:55 
    Practice 11:17 
   Half-Diminished Seventh Chords 12:22 
   Example 1 13:50 
   Example 2 14:58 
   Example 3 15:57 
   Example 4 17:14 
  Inversions of Triads 17:27
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   First Inversion Triads 0:25 
    Root Position 0:54 
    Invert Chord 1:05 
    First Inversion Chord 1:24 
    Example With Minor Chord 2:00 
   Second Inversion Triads 2:38 
    Example With Diminished Chord 3:30 
   Figured Bass Symbols 4:27 
    Example With C Major 6:23 
    Example With 2nd Minor 7:18 
    Example With 2nd Inversion 8:51 
   Example 1 10:01 
   Example 2 11:06 
   Example 3 12:26 
   Example 4 14:22 
  Inversions of Seventh Chords 19:11
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   First Inversion Seventh Chords 0::30 
    Start w/ Root Position Chord 0:39 
    Review Third Chord In Base 1:48 
   Second Inversion Seventh Chords 2:01 
    Example: Minor Seventh Chord 2:59 
   Third Inversion Seventh Chords 3:43 
    Example: E Major Seventh Chord 5:14 
   Figured Bass Symbols 6:32 
    Example: Third Inversion Seventh Chord 8:55 
    Another Example 9:43 
   Example 1 (Practice Problem) 10:44 
   Example 2 13:03 
   Example 3 15:48 
   Example 4 17:15 
  Part Writing Root Position Triads 24:41
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:08 
   Roots a 4th Apart 0:37 
    Rule 1 to Keep In Mind 1:24 
    Rule 2 to Keep In Mind 1:54 
    Practice Example 4:16 
    Practice Example 5:40 
   Roots a 3rd Apart 8:47 
    Practice Example 11:07 
   Roots a 2nd Apart 11:57 
    Practice Example 14:20 
    Practice Example 15:34 
   Example 1 16:20 
   Example 2 18:00 
   Example 3 20:03 
   Example 4 22:10 
  Voice Leading 18:24
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:09 
   Voice Ranges 0:38 
    Soprano Voice 1:04 
    Alto Voice 1:11 
    Tenor Voice 1:20 
    Bass Voice 1:29 
   Parallel Motion 2:07 
   Similar Motion 3:55 
    Definition 4:16 
    Example:Contrary Motion 4:46 
   Oblique Motion 6:03 
    Definition 6:09 
   Open and Closed Spacing 6:51 
    Closed Spacing Definition 7:40 
    Open Spacing Definition 8:56 
   Common Voice Leading Errors 10:15 
    Parallel Octaves 10:34 
    Parallel Fifths 11:22 
    Spacing 12:18 
    Completed Chords 13:48 
    Taking Over Other Voices 14:31 
    Voice Crossing 15:25 
   Example 1 15:41 
   Example 2 16:09 
   Example 3 16:51 
   Example 4 17:38 
  Cadences 15:04
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:06 
   Perfect Authentic 0:30 
    Example: Perfect Authentic Cadence Minor 1:39 
   Imperfect Authentic 3:05 
    Definition 4:00 
   Half Cadence 4:42 
    Definition 4:53 
    Example: Half Cadence in Minor 5:30 
   Plagal Cadence 6:49 
    Example: Plagal Cadence in Minor 7:49 
   Deceptive Cadence 8:25 
    Definition 8:30 
    Example: Deceptive Cadence in Minor 9:52 
   Example 1 11:01 
   Example 2 12:02 
   Example 3 12:59 
   Example 4 13:45 
  Part Writing First Inversion Triads 25:10
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:09 
   Substituting First Inversion Chords 0:35 
    Main Use of First Inversion Chord 1:24 
   Parallel First Inversion Chords 6:01 
   First Inversion Chords in Sequence 9:48 
   Example 1 13:11 
   Example 2 16:46 
   Example 3 20:35 
   Example 4 22:30 
  Part Writing Second Inversion Triads 17:14
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:08 
   Passing Second Inversion Chords 0:28 
    Start At Base Line 0:58 
   Neighboring Second Inversion Chords 3:03 
    Why It's Called Neighboring 3:48 
   The Cadential Second Inversion Chord 4:28 
    Tips to Remember 6:47 
   Arpeggiating Bass Second Inversion Chords 7:12 
   Example 1 8:33 
   Example 2 10:52 
   Example 3 13:11 
   Example 4 15:01 
  Non-Harmonic Tones 24:16
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:07 
   Passing Tones 0:28 
    Practice Example 3:19 
   Neighboring Tones 4:48 
   Suspensions 6:27 
    3 Parts 6:54 
   Appoggiaturas 12:15 
    Defined As Approggiaturas Because… 13:50 
   Pedal Point 14:15 
    Definition 15:54 
   Example 1 16:15 
   Example 2 18:18 
   Example 3 20:22 
   Example 4 21:22 
  Part Writing Seventh Chords 25:28
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:08 
   Preparing and Resolving the 7th 0:42 
    Example With Minor Key 3:30 
   V7 and Its Inversions 6:03 
    Difference Between V7 & Other Seventh Chords 6:10 
   Seventh Chords in Sequence 9:55 
   Example 1 15:16 
   Example 2 18:21 
   Example 3 20:13 
   Example 4 22:02 
  Secondary Dominants & Leading Tone Chords 27:09
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:10 
   Dominants and Secondary Dominants 0:34 
    Definition 1:16 
    Practice Example 3:19 
   Leading Tone and Secondary Leading Tone Chords 6:09 
    Example: Minor Key Note 6:25 
    Practice Example 8:31 
   A Progression with Secondary Dominants 9:41 
    Start With Basic Progression 10:07 
    Where Can You Introduce Secondary Dominants 11:01 
    Embellish With Another Secondary Dominant 12:40 
   A Progression with Secondary Leading Tone Chords 16:02 
    Embellish with Secondary Leading Tone Chords 17:13 
   Example 1 21:43 
   Example 2 22:50 
   Example 3 24:10 
   Example 4 26:07 
  Modulation to Closely Related Keys 28:03
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:08 
   Closely Related Keys 0:27 
    Relative Minor 1:26 
    Key Signatures 2:05 
    How to Tell Closely Related Keys 2:50 
    Example: F Major 3:40 
   Chords Common to More than One Key 5:32 
    Example: F Major 6:42 
    Which Chord 2 Keys Have in Common 7:29 
   Modulating with a Common Chord 1 9:03 
   Modulating with a Common Chord 2 12:37 
   Example 1 17:16 
   Example 2 18:54 
   Example 3 20:57 
   Example 4 23:19 
  Phrases & Periods 38:39
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Overview 0:09 
   A Musical Phrase 0:23 
    Build Phrases 2:07 
    Focus on Base & Melody 3:19 
    Important Idea/ Summary of Phrases 5:37 
   The Form of a Period 6:08 
    Components of a Period 6:23 
    Practice: Write Out All the Harmonies 10:03 
   Writing a Period 13:04 
   Example 1 20:40 
   Example 2 22:34 
   Example 3 27:39 
   Example 4 33:11 
  Binary & Ternary Forms 39:15
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:08 
   Binary Form Diagram 0:29 
    2 Parts for Binary Form 0:43 
   Writing a Binary Form 3:23 
   Ternary Form Diagram 16:47 
    3 Parts 17:02 
   Writing a Ternary Form 19:19 
   Example 1 24:41 
   Example 2 28:28 
   Example 3 32:09 
   Example 4 35:35 
  Modes 14:25
   Intro 0:00 
   Lesson Objectives 0:06 
   Ionian Mode 0:36 
    Ionian Mode Placement 0:56 
   Dorian Mode 1:26 
    Dorian Mode Drawn On Scale 1:38 
    Where Dorian Differs From Ionian 3:12 
   Phrygian Mode 2:39 
    How Phyrgian Differs 3:30 
   Lydian Mode 3:42 
    Lydian Mode Compared to Major Scale 4:18 
   Mixolydian Mode 4:40 
    Mixolydian Mode Compared to Major Scale 5:15 
   Aeolian Mode 5:29 
   Locrian Mode 5:54 
    Locrian Mode Compared to Minor Key 7:14 
   Example 1 7:28 
   Example 2 8:39 
   Example 3 9:40 
   Example 4 12:05