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Mary Pyo

Mary Pyo

Conditional Statements

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. Tools of Geometry
Coordinate Plane

16m 41s

Intro
0:00
The Coordinate System
0:12
Coordinate Plane: X-axis and Y-axis
0:15
Quadrants
1:02
Origin
2:00
Ordered Pair
2:17
Coordinate Plane
2:59
Example: Writing Coordinates
3:01
Coordinate Plane, cont.
4:15
Example: Graphing & Coordinate Plane
4:17
Collinear
5:58
Extra Example 1: Writing Coordinates & Quadrants
7:34
Extra Example 2: Quadrants
8:52
Extra Example 3: Graphing & Coordinate Plane
10:58
Extra Example 4: Collinear
12:50
Points, Lines and Planes

17m 17s

Intro
0:00
Points
0:07
Definition and Example of Points
0:09
Lines
0:50
Definition and Example of Lines
0:51
Planes
2:59
Definition and Example of Planes
3:00
Drawing and Labeling
4:40
Example 1: Drawing and Labeling
4:41
Example 2: Drawing and Labeling
5:54
Example 3: Drawing and Labeling
6:41
Example 4: Drawing and Labeling
8:23
Extra Example 1: Points, Lines and Planes
10:19
Extra Example 2: Naming Figures
11:16
Extra Example 3: Points, Lines and Planes
12:35
Extra Example 4: Draw and Label
14:44
Measuring Segments

31m 31s

Intro
0:00
Segments
0:06
Examples of Segments
0:08
Ruler Postulate
1:30
Ruler Postulate
1:31
Segment Addition Postulate
5:02
Example and Definition of Segment Addition Postulate
5:03
Segment Addition Postulate
8:01
Example 1: Segment Addition Postulate
8:04
Example 2: Segment Addition Postulate
11:15
Pythagorean Theorem
12:36
Definition of Pythagorean Theorem
12:37
Pythagorean Theorem, cont.
15:49
Example: Pythagorean Theorem
15:50
Distance Formula
16:48
Example and Definition of Distance Formula
16:49
Extra Example 1: Find Each Measure
20:32
Extra Example 2: Find the Missing Measure
22:11
Extra Example 3: Find the Distance Between the Two Points
25:36
Extra Example 4: Pythagorean Theorem
29:33
Midpoints and Segment Congruence

42m 26s

Intro
0:00
Definition of Midpoint
0:07
Midpoint
0:10
Midpoint Formulas
1:30
Midpoint Formula: On a Number Line
1:45
Midpoint Formula: In a Coordinate Plane
2:50
Midpoint
4:40
Example: Midpoint on a Number Line
4:43
Midpoint
6:05
Example: Midpoint in a Coordinate Plane
6:06
Midpoint
8:28
Example 1
8:30
Example 2
13:01
Segment Bisector
15:14
Definition and Example of Segment Bisector
15:15
Proofs
17:27
Theorem
17:53
Proof
18:21
Midpoint Theorem
19:37
Example: Proof & Midpoint Theorem
19:38
Extra Example 1: Midpoint on a Number Line
23:44
Extra Example 2: Drawing Diagrams
26:25
Extra Example 3: Midpoint
29:14
Extra Example 4: Segment Bisector
33:21
Angles

42m 34s

Intro
0:00
Angles
0:05
Angle
0:07
Ray
0:23
Opposite Rays
2:09
Angles
3:22
Example: Naming Angle
3:23
Angles
6:39
Interior, Exterior, Angle
6:40
Measure and Degrees
7:38
Protractor Postulate
8:37
Example: Protractor Postulate
8:38
Angle Addition Postulate
11:41
Example: Angle addition Postulate
11:42
Classifying Angles
14:10
Acute Angle
14:16
Right Angles
14:30
Obtuse Angle
14:41
Angle Bisector
15:02
Example: Angle Bisector
15:04
Angle Relationships
16:43
Adjacent Angles
16:47
Vertical Angles
17:49
Linear Pair
19:40
Angle Relationships
20:31
Right Angles
20:32
Supplementary Angles
21:15
Complementary Angles
21:33
Extra Example 1: Angles
24:08
Extra Example 2: Angles
29:06
Extra Example 3: Angles
32:05
Extra Example 4 Angles
35:44
II. Reasoning & Proof
Inductive Reasoning

19m

Intro
0:00
Inductive Reasoning
0:05
Conjecture
0:06
Inductive Reasoning
0:15
Examples
0:55
Example: Sequence
0:56
More Example: Sequence
2:00
Using Inductive Reasoning
2:50
Example: Conjecture
2:51
More Example: Conjecture
3:48
Counterexamples
4:56
Counterexample
4:58
Extra Example 1: Conjecture
6:59
Extra Example 2: Sequence and Pattern
10:20
Extra Example 3: Inductive Reasoning
12:46
Extra Example 4: Conjecture and Counterexample
15:17
Conditional Statements

42m 47s

Intro
0:00
If Then Statements
0:05
If Then Statements
0:06
Other Forms
2:29
Example: Without Then
2:40
Example: Using When
3:03
Example: Hypothesis
3:24
Identify the Hypothesis and Conclusion
3:52
Example 1: Hypothesis and Conclusion
3:58
Example 2: Hypothesis and Conclusion
4:31
Example 3: Hypothesis and Conclusion
5:38
Write in If Then Form
6:16
Example 1: Write in If Then Form
6:23
Example 2: Write in If Then Form
6:57
Example 3: Write in If Then Form
7:39
Other Statements
8:40
Other Statements
8:41
Converse Statements
9:18
Converse Statements
9:20
Converses and Counterexamples
11:04
Converses and Counterexamples
11:05
Example 1: Converses and Counterexamples
12:02
Example 2: Converses and Counterexamples
15:10
Example 3: Converses and Counterexamples
17:08
Inverse Statement
19:58
Definition and Example
19:59
Inverse Statement
21:46
Example 1: Inverse and Counterexample
21:47
Example 2: Inverse and Counterexample
23:34
Contrapositive Statement
25:20
Definition and Example
25:21
Contrapositive Statement
26:58
Example: Contrapositive Statement
27:00
Summary
29:03
Summary of Lesson
29:04
Extra Example 1: Hypothesis and Conclusion
32:20
Extra Example 2: If-Then Form
33:23
Extra Example 3: Converse, Inverse, and Contrapositive
34:54
Extra Example 4: Converse, Inverse, and Contrapositive
37:56
Point, Line, and Plane Postulates

17m 24s

Intro
0:00
What are Postulates?
0:09
Definition of Postulates
0:10
Postulates
1:22
Postulate 1: Two Points
1:23
Postulate 2: Three Points
2:02
Postulate 3: Line
2:45
Postulates, cont..
3:08
Postulate 4: Plane
3:09
Postulate 5: Two Points in a Plane
3:53
Postulates, cont..
4:46
Postulate 6: Two Lines Intersect
4:47
Postulate 7: Two Plane Intersect
5:28
Using the Postulates
6:34
Examples: True or False
6:35
Using the Postulates
10:18
Examples: True or False
10:19
Extra Example 1: Always, Sometimes, or Never
12:22
Extra Example 2: Always, Sometimes, or Never
13:15
Extra Example 3: Always, Sometimes, or Never
14:16
Extra Example 4: Always, Sometimes, or Never
15:03
Deductive Reasoning

36m 3s

Intro
0:00
Deductive Reasoning
0:06
Definition of Deductive Reasoning
0:07
Inductive vs. Deductive
2:51
Inductive Reasoning
2:52
Deductive reasoning
3:19
Law of Detachment
3:47
Law of Detachment
3:48
Examples of Law of Detachment
4:31
Law of Syllogism
7:32
Law of Syllogism
7:33
Example 1: Making a Conclusion
9:02
Example 2: Making a Conclusion
12:54
Using Laws of Logic
14:12
Example 1: Determine the Logic
14:42
Example 2: Determine the Logic
17:02
Using Laws of Logic, cont.
18:47
Example 3: Determine the Logic
19:03
Example 4: Determine the Logic
20:56
Extra Example 1: Determine the Conclusion and Law
22:12
Extra Example 2: Determine the Conclusion and Law
25:39
Extra Example 3: Determine the Logic and Law
29:50
Extra Example 4: Determine the Logic and Law
31:27
Proofs in Algebra: Properties of Equality

44m 31s

Intro
0:00
Properties of Equality
0:10
Addition Property of Equality
0:28
Subtraction Property of Equality
1:10
Multiplication Property of Equality
1:41
Division Property of Equality
1:55
Addition Property of Equality Using Angles
2:46
Properties of Equality, cont.
4:10
Reflexive Property of Equality
4:11
Symmetric Property of Equality
5:24
Transitive Property of Equality
6:10
Properties of Equality, cont.
7:04
Substitution Property of Equality
7:05
Distributive Property of Equality
8:34
Two Column Proof
9:40
Example: Two Column Proof
9:46
Proof Example 1
16:13
Proof Example 2
23:49
Proof Example 3
30:33
Extra Example 1: Name the Property of Equality
38:07
Extra Example 2: Name the Property of Equality
40:16
Extra Example 3: Name the Property of Equality
41:35
Extra Example 4: Name the Property of Equality
43:02
Proving Segment Relationship

41m 2s

Intro
0:00
Good Proofs
0:12
Five Essential Parts
0:13
Proof Reasons
1:38
Undefined
1:40
Definitions
2:06
Postulates
2:42
Previously Proven Theorems
3:24
Congruence of Segments
4:10
Theorem: Congruence of Segments
4:12
Proof Example
10:16
Proof: Congruence of Segments
10:17
Setting Up Proofs
19:13
Example: Two Segments with Equal Measures
19:15
Setting Up Proofs
21:48
Example: Vertical Angles are Congruent
21:50
Setting Up Proofs
23:59
Example: Segment of a Triangle
24:00
Extra Example 1: Congruence of Segments
27:03
Extra Example 2: Setting Up Proofs
28:50
Extra Example 3: Setting Up Proofs
30:55
Extra Example 4: Two-Column Proof
33:11
Proving Angle Relationships

33m 37s

Intro
0:00
Supplement Theorem
0:05
Supplementary Angles
0:06
Congruence of Angles
2:37
Proof: Congruence of Angles
2:38
Angle Theorems
6:54
Angle Theorem 1: Supplementary Angles
6:55
Angle Theorem 2: Complementary Angles
10:25
Angle Theorems
11:32
Angle Theorem 3: Right Angles
11:35
Angle Theorem 4: Vertical Angles
12:09
Angle Theorem 5: Perpendicular Lines
12:57
Using Angle Theorems
13:45
Example 1: Always, Sometimes, or Never
13:50
Example 2: Always, Sometimes, or Never
14:28
Example 3: Always, Sometimes, or Never
16:21
Extra Example 1: Always, Sometimes, or Never
16:53
Extra Example 2: Find the Measure of Each Angle
18:55
Extra Example 3: Find the Measure of Each Angle
25:03
Extra Example 4: Two-Column Proof
27:08
III. Perpendicular & Parallel Lines
Parallel Lines and Transversals

37m 35s

Intro
0:00
Lines
0:06
Parallel Lines
0:09
Skew Lines
2:02
Transversal
3:42
Angles Formed by a Transversal
4:28
Interior Angles
5:53
Exterior Angles
6:09
Consecutive Interior Angles
7:04
Alternate Exterior Angles
9:47
Alternate Interior Angles
11:22
Corresponding Angles
12:27
Angles Formed by a Transversal
15:29
Relationship Between Angles
15:30
Extra Example 1: Intersecting, Parallel, or Skew
19:26
Extra Example 2: Draw a Diagram
21:37
Extra Example 3: Name the Figures
24:12
Extra Example 4: Angles Formed by a Transversal
28:38
Angles and Parallel Lines

41m 53s

Intro
0:00
Corresponding Angles Postulate
0:05
Corresponding Angles Postulate
0:06
Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
3:05
Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
3:07
Consecutive Interior Angles Theorem
5:16
Consecutive Interior Angles Theorem
5:17
Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem
6:42
Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem
6:43
Parallel Lines Cut by a Transversal
7:18
Example: Parallel Lines Cut by a Transversal
7:19
Perpendicular Transversal Theorem
14:54
Perpendicular Transversal Theorem
14:55
Extra Example 1: State the Postulate or Theorem
16:37
Extra Example 2: Find the Measure of the Numbered Angle
18:53
Extra Example 3: Find the Measure of Each Angle
25:13
Extra Example 4: Find the Values of x, y, and z
36:26
Slope of Lines

44m 6s

Intro
0:00
Definition of Slope
0:06
Slope Equation
0:13
Slope of a Line
3:45
Example: Find the Slope of a Line
3:47
Slope of a Line
8:38
More Example: Find the Slope of a Line
8:40
Slope Postulates
12:32
Proving Slope Postulates
12:33
Parallel or Perpendicular Lines
17:23
Example: Parallel or Perpendicular Lines
17:24
Using Slope Formula
20:02
Example: Using Slope Formula
20:03
Extra Example 1: Slope of a Line
25:10
Extra Example 2: Slope of a Line
26:31
Extra Example 3: Graph the Line
34:11
Extra Example 4: Using the Slope Formula
38:50
Proving Lines Parallel

25m 55s

Intro
0:00
Postulates
0:06
Postulate 1: Parallel Lines
0:21
Postulate 2: Parallel Lines
2:16
Parallel Postulate
3:28
Definition and Example of Parallel Postulate
3:29
Theorems
4:29
Theorem 1: Parallel Lines
4:40
Theorem 2: Parallel Lines
5:37
Theorems, cont.
6:10
Theorem 3: Parallel Lines
6:11
Extra Example 1: Determine Parallel Lines
6:56
Extra Example 2: Find the Value of x
11:42
Extra Example 3: Opposite Sides are Parallel
14:48
Extra Example 4: Proving Parallel Lines
20:42
Parallels and Distance

19m 48s

Intro
0:00
Distance Between a Points and Line
0:07
Definition and Example
0:08
Distance Between Parallel Lines
1:51
Definition and Example
1:52
Extra Example 1: Drawing a Segment to Represent Distance
3:02
Extra Example 2: Drawing a Segment to Represent Distance
4:27
Extra Example 3: Graph, Plot, and Construct a Perpendicular Segment
5:13
Extra Example 4: Distance Between Two Parallel Lines
15:37
IV. Congruent Triangles
Classifying Triangles

28m 43s

Intro
0:00
Triangles
0:09
Triangle: A Three-Sided Polygon
0:10
Sides
1:00
Vertices
1:22
Angles
1:56
Classifying Triangles by Angles
2:59
Acute Triangle
3:19
Obtuse Triangle
4:08
Right Triangle
4:44
Equiangular Triangle
5:38
Definition and Example of an Equiangular Triangle
5:39
Classifying Triangles by Sides
6:57
Scalene Triangle
7:17
Isosceles Triangle
7:57
Equilateral Triangle
8:12
Isosceles Triangle
8:58
Labeling Isosceles Triangle
9:00
Labeling Right Triangle
10:44
Isosceles Triangle
11:10
Example: Find x, AB, BC, and AC
11:11
Extra Example 1: Classify Each Triangle
13:45
Extra Example 2: Always, Sometimes, or Never
16:28
Extra Example 3: Find All the Sides of the Isosceles Triangle
20:29
Extra Example 4: Distance Formula and Triangle
22:29
Measuring Angles in Triangles

44m 43s

Intro
0:00
Angle Sum Theorem
0:09
Angle Sum Theorem for Triangle
0:11
Using Angle Sum Theorem
4:06
Find the Measure of the Missing Angle
4:07
Third Angle Theorem
4:58
Example: Third Angle Theorem
4:59
Exterior Angle Theorem
7:58
Example: Exterior Angle Theorem
8:00
Flow Proof of Exterior Angle Theorem
15:14
Flow Proof of Exterior Angle Theorem
15:17
Triangle Corollaries
27:21
Triangle Corollary 1
27:50
Triangle Corollary 2
30:42
Extra Example 1: Find the Value of x
32:55
Extra Example 2: Find the Value of x
34:20
Extra Example 3: Find the Measure of the Angle
35:38
Extra Example 4: Find the Measure of Each Numbered Angle
39:00
Exploring Congruent Triangles

26m 46s

Intro
0:00
Congruent Triangles
0:15
Example of Congruent Triangles
0:17
Corresponding Parts
3:39
Corresponding Angles and Sides of Triangles
3:40
Definition of Congruent Triangles
11:24
Definition of Congruent Triangles
11:25
Triangle Congruence
16:37
Congruence of Triangles
16:38
Extra Example 1: Congruence Statement
18:24
Extra Example 2: Congruence Statement
21:26
Extra Example 3: Draw and Label the Figure
23:09
Extra Example 4: Drawing Triangles
24:04
Proving Triangles Congruent

47m 51s

Intro
0:00
SSS Postulate
0:18
Side-Side-Side Postulate
0:27
SAS Postulate
2:26
Side-Angle-Side Postulate
2:29
SAS Postulate
3:57
Proof Example
3:58
ASA Postulate
11:47
Angle-Side-Angle Postulate
11:53
AAS Theorem
14:13
Angle-Angle-Side Theorem
14:14
Methods Overview
16:16
Methods Overview
16:17
SSS
16:33
SAS
17:06
ASA
17:50
AAS
18:17
CPCTC
19:14
Extra Example 1:Proving Triangles are Congruent
21:29
Extra Example 2: Proof
25:40
Extra Example 3: Proof
30:41
Extra Example 4: Proof
38:41
Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles

27m 53s

Intro
0:00
Isosceles Triangle Theorem
0:07
Isosceles Triangle Theorem
0:09
Isosceles Triangle Theorem
2:26
Example: Using the Isosceles Triangle Theorem
2:27
Isosceles Triangle Theorem Converse
3:29
Isosceles Triangle Theorem Converse
3:30
Equilateral Triangle Theorem Corollaries
4:30
Equilateral Triangle Theorem Corollary 1
4:59
Equilateral Triangle Theorem Corollary 2
5:55
Extra Example 1: Find the Value of x
7:08
Extra Example 2: Find the Value of x
10:04
Extra Example 3: Proof
14:04
Extra Example 4: Proof
22:41
V. Triangle Inequalities
Special Segments in Triangles

43m 44s

Intro
0:00
Perpendicular Bisector
0:06
Perpendicular Bisector
0:07
Perpendicular Bisector
4:07
Perpendicular Bisector Theorems
4:08
Median
6:30
Definition of Median
6:31
Median
9:41
Example: Median
9:42
Altitude
12:22
Definition of Altitude
12:23
Angle Bisector
14:33
Definition of Angle Bisector
14:34
Angle Bisector
16:41
Angle Bisector Theorems
16:42
Special Segments Overview
18:57
Perpendicular Bisector
19:04
Median
19:32
Altitude
19:49
Angle Bisector
20:02
Examples: Special Segments
20:18
Extra Example 1: Draw and Label
22:36
Extra Example 2: Draw the Altitudes for Each Triangle
24:37
Extra Example 3: Perpendicular Bisector
27:57
Extra Example 4: Draw, Label, and Write Proof
34:33
Right Triangles

26m 34s

Intro
0:00
LL Theorem
0:21
Leg-Leg Theorem
0:25
HA Theorem
2:23
Hypotenuse-Angle Theorem
2:24
LA Theorem
4:49
Leg-Angle Theorem
4:50
LA Theorem
6:18
Example: Find x and y
6:19
HL Postulate
8:22
Hypotenuse-Leg Postulate
8:23
Extra Example 1: LA Theorem & HL Postulate
10:57
Extra Example 2: Find x So That Each Pair of Triangles is Congruent
14:15
Extra Example 3: Two-column Proof
17:02
Extra Example 4: Two-column Proof
21:01
Indirect Proofs and Inequalities

33m 30s

Intro
0:00
Writing an Indirect Proof
0:09
Step 1
0:49
Step 2
2:32
Step 3
3:00
Indirect Proof
4:30
Example: 2 + 6 = 8
5:00
Example: The Suspect is Guilty
5:40
Example: Measure of Angle A < Measure of Angle B
6:06
Definition of Inequality
7:47
Definition of Inequality & Example
7:48
Properties of Inequality
9:55
Comparison Property
9:58
Transitive Property
10:33
Addition and Subtraction Properties
12:01
Multiplication and Division Properties
13:07
Exterior Angle Inequality Theorem
14:12
Example: Exterior Angle Inequality Theorem
14:13
Extra Example 1: Draw a Diagram for the Statement
18:32
Extra Example 2: Name the Property for Each Statement
19:56
Extra Example 3: State the Assumption
21:22
Extra Example 4: Write an Indirect Proof
25:39
Inequalities for Sides and Angles of a Triangle

17m 26s

Intro
0:00
Side to Angles
0:10
If One Side of a Triangle is Longer Than Another Side
0:11
Converse: Angles to Sides
1:57
If One Angle of a Triangle Has a Greater Measure Than Another Angle
1:58
Extra Example 1: Name the Angles in the Triangle From Least to Greatest
2:38
Extra Example 2: Find the Longest and Shortest Segment in the Triangle
3:47
Extra Example 3: Angles and Sides of a Triangle
4:51
Extra Example 4: Two-column Proof
9:08
Triangle Inequality

28m 11s

Intro
0:00
Triangle Inequality Theorem
0:05
Triangle Inequality Theorem
0:06
Triangle Inequality Theorem
4:22
Example 1: Triangle Inequality Theorem
4:23
Example 2: Triangle Inequality Theorem
9:40
Extra Example 1: Determine if the Three Numbers can Represent the Sides of a Triangle
12:00
Extra Example 2: Finding the Third Side of a Triangle
13:34
Extra Example 3: Always True, Sometimes True, or Never True
18:18
Extra Example 4: Triangle and Vertices
22:36
Inequalities Involving Two Triangles

29m 36s

Intro
0:00
SAS Inequality Theorem
0:06
SAS Inequality Theorem & Example
0:25
SSS Inequality Theorem
4:33
SSS Inequality Theorem & Example
4:34
Extra Example 1: Write an Inequality Comparing the Segments
6:08
Extra Example 2: Determine if the Statement is True
9:52
Extra Example 3: Write an Inequality for x
14:20
Extra Example 4: Two-column Proof
17:44
VI. Quadrilaterals
Parallelograms

29m 11s

Intro
0:00
Quadrilaterals
0:06
Four-sided Polygons
0:08
Non Examples of Quadrilaterals
0:47
Parallelograms
1:35
Parallelograms
1:36
Properties of Parallelograms
4:28
Opposite Sides of a Parallelogram are Congruent
4:29
Opposite Angles of a Parallelogram are Congruent
5:49
Angles and Diagonals
6:24
Consecutive Angles in a Parallelogram are Supplementary
6:25
The Diagonals of a Parallelogram Bisect Each Other
8:42
Extra Example 1: Complete Each Statement About the Parallelogram
10:26
Extra Example 2: Find the Values of x, y, and z of the Parallelogram
13:21
Extra Example 3: Find the Distance of Each Side to Verify the Parallelogram
16:35
Extra Example 4: Slope of Parallelogram
23:15
Proving Parallelograms

42m 43s

Intro
0:00
Parallelogram Theorems
0:09
Theorem 1
0:20
Theorem 2
1:50
Parallelogram Theorems, Cont.
3:10
Theorem 3
3:11
Theorem 4
4:15
Proving Parallelogram
6:21
Example: Determine if Quadrilateral ABCD is a Parallelogram
6:22
Summary
14:01
Both Pairs of Opposite Sides are Parallel
14:14
Both Pairs of Opposite Sides are Congruent
15:09
Both Pairs of Opposite Angles are Congruent
15:24
Diagonals Bisect Each Other
15:44
A Pair of Opposite Sides is Both Parallel and Congruent
16:13
Extra Example 1: Determine if Each Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram
16:54
Extra Example 2: Find the Value of x and y
20:23
Extra Example 3: Determine if the Quadrilateral ABCD is a Parallelogram
24:05
Extra Example 4: Two-column Proof
30:28
Rectangles

29m 47s

Intro
0:00
Rectangles
0:03
Definition of Rectangles
0:04
Diagonals of Rectangles
2:52
Rectangles: Diagonals Property 1
2:53
Rectangles: Diagonals Property 2
3:30
Proving a Rectangle
4:40
Example: Determine Whether Parallelogram ABCD is a Rectangle
4:41
Rectangles Summary
9:22
Opposite Sides are Congruent and Parallel
9:40
Opposite Angles are Congruent
9:51
Consecutive Angles are Supplementary
9:58
Diagonals are Congruent and Bisect Each Other
10:05
All Four Angles are Right Angles
10:40
Extra Example 1: Find the Value of x
11:03
Extra Example 2: Name All Congruent Sides and Angles
13:52
Extra Example 3: Always, Sometimes, or Never True
19:39
Extra Example 4: Determine if ABCD is a Rectangle
26:45
Squares and Rhombi

39m 14s

Intro
0:00
Rhombus
0:09
Definition of a Rhombus
0:10
Diagonals of a Rhombus
2:03
Rhombus: Diagonals Property 1
2:21
Rhombus: Diagonals Property 2
3:49
Rhombus: Diagonals Property 3
4:36
Rhombus
6:17
Example: Use the Rhombus to Find the Missing Value
6:18
Square
8:17
Definition of a Square
8:20
Summary Chart
11:06
Parallelogram
11:07
Rectangle
12:56
Rhombus
13:54
Square
14:44
Extra Example 1: Diagonal Property
15:44
Extra Example 2: Use Rhombus ABCD to Find the Missing Value
19:39
Extra Example 3: Always, Sometimes, or Never True
23:06
Extra Example 4: Determine the Quadrilateral
28:02
Trapezoids and Kites

30m 48s

Intro
0:00
Trapezoid
0:10
Definition of Trapezoid
0:12
Isosceles Trapezoid
2:57
Base Angles of an Isosceles Trapezoid
2:58
Diagonals of an Isosceles Trapezoid
4:05
Median of a Trapezoid
4:26
Median of a Trapezoid
4:27
Median of a Trapezoid
6:41
Median Formula
7:00
Kite
8:28
Definition of a Kite
8:29
Quadrilaterals Summary
11:19
A Quadrilateral with Two Pairs of Adjacent Congruent Sides
11:20
Extra Example 1: Isosceles Trapezoid
14:50
Extra Example 2: Median of Trapezoid
18:28
Extra Example 3: Always, Sometimes, or Never
24:13
Extra Example 4: Determine if the Figure is a Trapezoid
26:49
VII. Proportions and Similarity
Using Proportions and Ratios

20m 10s

Intro
0:00
Ratio
0:05
Definition and Examples of Writing Ratio
0:06
Proportion
2:05
Definition of Proportion
2:06
Examples of Proportion
2:29
Using Ratio
5:53
Example: Ratio
5:54
Extra Example 1: Find Three Ratios Equivalent to 2/5
9:28
Extra Example 2: Proportion and Cross Products
10:32
Extra Example 3: Express Each Ratio as a Fraction
13:18
Extra Example 4: Fin the Measure of a 3:4:5 Triangle
17:26
Similar Polygons

27m 53s

Intro
0:00
Similar Polygons
0:05
Definition of Similar Polygons
0:06
Example of Similar Polygons
2:32
Scale Factor
4:26
Scale Factor: Definition and Example
4:27
Extra Example 1: Determine if Each Pair of Figures is Similar
7:03
Extra Example 2: Find the Values of x and y
11:33
Extra Example 3: Similar Triangles
19:57
Extra Example 4: Draw Two Similar Figures
23:36
Similar Triangles

34m 10s

Intro
0:00
AA Similarity
0:10
Definition of AA Similarity
0:20
Example of AA Similarity
2:32
SSS Similarity
4:46
Definition of SSS Similarity
4:47
Example of SSS Similarity
6:00
SAS Similarity
8:04
Definition of SAS Similarity
8:05
Example of SAS Similarity
9:12
Extra Example 1: Determine Whether Each Pair of Triangles is Similar
10:59
Extra Example 2: Determine Which Triangles are Similar
16:08
Extra Example 3: Determine if the Statement is True or False
23:11
Extra Example 4: Write Two-Column Proof
26:25
Parallel Lines and Proportional Parts

24m 7s

Intro
0:00
Triangle Proportionality
0:07
Definition of Triangle Proportionality
0:08
Example of Triangle Proportionality
0:51
Triangle Proportionality Converse
2:19
Triangle Proportionality Converse
2:20
Triangle Mid-segment
3:42
Triangle Mid-segment: Definition and Example
3:43
Parallel Lines and Transversal
6:51
Parallel Lines and Transversal
6:52
Extra Example 1: Complete Each Statement
8:59
Extra Example 2: Determine if the Statement is True or False
12:28
Extra Example 3: Find the Value of x and y
15:35
Extra Example 4: Find Midpoints of a Triangle
20:43
Parts of Similar Triangles

27m 6s

Intro
0:00
Proportional Perimeters
0:09
Proportional Perimeters: Definition and Example
0:10
Similar Altitudes
2:23
Similar Altitudes: Definition and Example
2:24
Similar Angle Bisectors
4:50
Similar Angle Bisectors: Definition and Example
4:51
Similar Medians
6:05
Similar Medians: Definition and Example
6:06
Angle Bisector Theorem
7:33
Angle Bisector Theorem
7:34
Extra Example 1: Parts of Similar Triangles
10:52
Extra Example 2: Parts of Similar Triangles
14:57
Extra Example 3: Parts of Similar Triangles
19:27
Extra Example 4: Find the Perimeter of Triangle ABC
23:14
VIII. Applying Right Triangles & Trigonometry
Pythagorean Theorem

21m 14s

Intro
0:00
Pythagorean Theorem
0:05
Pythagorean Theorem & Example
0:06
Pythagorean Converse
1:20
Pythagorean Converse & Example
1:21
Pythagorean Triple
2:42
Pythagorean Triple
2:43
Extra Example 1: Find the Missing Side
4:59
Extra Example 2: Determine Right Triangle
7:40
Extra Example 3: Determine Pythagorean Triple
11:30
Extra Example 4: Vertices and Right Triangle
14:29
Geometric Mean

40m 59s

Intro
0:00
Geometric Mean
0:04
Geometric Mean & Example
0:05
Similar Triangles
4:32
Similar Triangles
4:33
Geometric Mean-Altitude
11:10
Geometric Mean-Altitude & Example
11:11
Geometric Mean-Leg
14:47
Geometric Mean-Leg & Example
14:18
Extra Example 1: Geometric Mean Between Each Pair of Numbers
20:10
Extra Example 2: Similar Triangles
23:46
Extra Example 3: Geometric Mean of Triangles
28:30
Extra Example 4: Geometric Mean of Triangles
36:58
Special Right Triangles

37m 57s

Intro
0:00
45-45-90 Triangles
0:06
Definition of 45-45-90 Triangles
0:25
45-45-90 Triangles
5:51
Example: Find n
5:52
30-60-90 Triangles
8:59
Definition of 30-60-90 Triangles
9:00
30-60-90 Triangles
12:25
Example: Find n
12:26
Extra Example 1: Special Right Triangles
15:08
Extra Example 2: Special Right Triangles
18:22
Extra Example 3: Word Problems & Special Triangles
27:40
Extra Example 4: Hexagon & Special Triangles
33:51
Ratios in Right Triangles

40m 37s

Intro
0:00
Trigonometric Ratios
0:08
Definition of Trigonometry
0:13
Sine (sin), Cosine (cos), & Tangent (tan)
0:50
Trigonometric Ratios
3:04
Trig Functions
3:05
Inverse Trig Functions
5:02
SOHCAHTOA
8:16
sin x
9:07
cos x
10:00
tan x
10:32
Example: SOHCAHTOA & Triangle
12:10
Extra Example 1: Find the Value of Each Ratio or Angle Measure
14:36
Extra Example 2: Find Sin, Cos, and Tan
18:51
Extra Example 3: Find the Value of x Using SOHCAHTOA
22:55
Extra Example 4: Trigonometric Ratios in Right Triangles
32:13
Angles of Elevation and Depression

21m 4s

Intro
0:00
Angle of Elevation
0:10
Definition of Angle of Elevation & Example
0:11
Angle of Depression
1:19
Definition of Angle of Depression & Example
1:20
Extra Example 1: Name the Angle of Elevation and Depression
2:22
Extra Example 2: Word Problem & Angle of Depression
4:41
Extra Example 3: Word Problem & Angle of Elevation
14:02
Extra Example 4: Find the Missing Measure
18:10
Law of Sines

35m 25s

Intro
0:00
Law of Sines
0:20
Law of Sines
0:21
Law of Sines
3:34
Example: Find b
3:35
Solving the Triangle
9:19
Example: Using the Law of Sines to Solve Triangle
9:20
Extra Example 1: Law of Sines and Triangle
17:43
Extra Example 2: Law of Sines and Triangle
20:06
Extra Example 3: Law of Sines and Triangle
23:54
Extra Example 4: Law of Sines and Triangle
28:59
Law of Cosines

52m 43s

Intro
0:00
Law of Cosines
0:35
Law of Cosines
0:36
Law of Cosines
6:22
Use the Law of Cosines When Both are True
6:23
Law of Cosines
8:35
Example: Law of Cosines
8:36
Extra Example 1: Law of Sines or Law of Cosines?
13:35
Extra Example 2: Use the Law of Cosines to Find the Missing Measure
17:02
Extra Example 3: Solve the Triangle
30:49
Extra Example 4: Find the Measure of Each Diagonal of the Parallelogram
41:39
IX. Circles
Segments in a Circle

22m 43s

Intro
0:00
Segments in a Circle
0:10
Circle
0:11
Chord
0:59
Diameter
1:32
Radius
2:07
Secant
2:17
Tangent
3:10
Circumference
3:56
Introduction to Circumference
3:57
Example: Find the Circumference of the Circle
5:09
Circumference
6:40
Example: Find the Circumference of the Circle
6:41
Extra Example 1: Use the Circle to Answer the Following
9:10
Extra Example 2: Find the Missing Measure
12:53
Extra Example 3: Given the Circumference, Find the Perimeter of the Triangle
15:51
Extra Example 4: Find the Circumference of Each Circle
19:24
Angles and Arc

35m 24s

Intro
0:00
Central Angle
0:06
Definition of Central Angle
0:07
Sum of Central Angles
1:17
Sum of Central Angles
1:18
Arcs
2:27
Minor Arc
2:30
Major Arc
3:47
Arc Measure
5:24
Measure of Minor Arc
5:24
Measure of Major Arc
6:53
Measure of a Semicircle
7:11
Arc Addition Postulate
8:25
Arc Addition Postulate
8:26
Arc Length
9:43
Arc Length and Example
9:44
Concentric Circles
16:05
Concentric Circles
16:06
Congruent Circles and Arcs
17:50
Congruent Circles
17:51
Congruent Arcs
18:47
Extra Example 1: Minor Arc, Major Arc, and Semicircle
20:14
Extra Example 2: Measure and Length of Arc
22:52
Extra Example 3: Congruent Arcs
25:48
Extra Example 4: Angles and Arcs
30:33
Arcs and Chords

21m 51s

Intro
0:00
Arcs and Chords
0:07
Arc of the Chord
0:08
Theorem 1: Congruent Minor Arcs
1:01
Inscribed Polygon
2:10
Inscribed Polygon
2:11
Arcs and Chords
3:18
Theorem 2: When a Diameter is Perpendicular to a Chord
3:19
Arcs and Chords
5:05
Theorem 3: Congruent Chords
5:06
Extra Example 1: Congruent Arcs
10:35
Extra Example 2: Length of Arc
13:50
Extra Example 3: Arcs and Chords
17:09
Extra Example 4: Arcs and Chords
19:45
Inscribed Angles

27m 53s

Intro
0:00
Inscribed Angles
0:07
Definition of Inscribed Angles
0:08
Inscribed Angles
0:58
Inscribed Angle Theorem 1
0:59
Inscribed Angles
3:29
Inscribed Angle Theorem 2
3:30
Inscribed Angles
4:38
Inscribed Angle Theorem 3
4:39
Inscribed Quadrilateral
5:50
Inscribed Quadrilateral
5:51
Extra Example 1: Central Angle, Inscribed Angle, and Intercepted Arc
7:02
Extra Example 2: Inscribed Angles
9:24
Extra Example 3: Inscribed Angles
14:00
Extra Example 4: Complete the Proof
17:58
Tangents

26m 16s

Intro
0:00
Tangent Theorems
0:04
Tangent Theorem 1
0:05
Tangent Theorem 1 Converse
0:55
Common Tangents
1:34
Common External Tangent
2:12
Common Internal Tangent
2:30
Tangent Segments
3:08
Tangent Segments
3:09
Circumscribed Polygons
4:11
Circumscribed Polygons
4:12
Extra Example 1: Tangents & Circumscribed Polygons
5:50
Extra Example 2: Tangents & Circumscribed Polygons
8:35
Extra Example 3: Tangents & Circumscribed Polygons
11:50
Extra Example 4: Tangents & Circumscribed Polygons
15:43
Secants, Tangents, & Angle Measures

27m 50s

Intro
0:00
Secant
0:08
Secant
0:09
Secant and Tangent
0:49
Secant and Tangent
0:50
Interior Angles
2:56
Secants & Interior Angles
2:57
Exterior Angles
7:21
Secants & Exterior Angles
7:22
Extra Example 1: Secants, Tangents, & Angle Measures
10:53
Extra Example 2: Secants, Tangents, & Angle Measures
13:31
Extra Example 3: Secants, Tangents, & Angle Measures
19:54
Extra Example 4: Secants, Tangents, & Angle Measures
22:29
Special Segments in a Circle

23m 8s

Intro
0:00
Chord Segments
0:05
Chord Segments
0:06
Secant Segments
1:36
Secant Segments
1:37
Tangent and Secant Segments
4:10
Tangent and Secant Segments
4:11
Extra Example 1: Special Segments in a Circle
5:53
Extra Example 2: Special Segments in a Circle
7:58
Extra Example 3: Special Segments in a Circle
11:24
Extra Example 4: Special Segments in a Circle
18:09
Equations of Circles

27m 1s

Intro
0:00
Equation of a Circle
0:06
Standard Equation of a Circle
0:07
Example 1: Equation of a Circle
0:57
Example 2: Equation of a Circle
1:36
Extra Example 1: Determine the Coordinates of the Center and the Radius
4:56
Extra Example 2: Write an Equation Based on the Given Information
7:53
Extra Example 3: Graph Each Circle
16:48
Extra Example 4: Write the Equation of Each Circle
19:17
X. Polygons & Area
Polygons

27m 24s

Intro
0:00
Polygons
0:10
Polygon vs. Not Polygon
0:18
Convex and Concave
1:46
Convex vs. Concave Polygon
1:52
Regular Polygon
4:04
Regular Polygon
4:05
Interior Angle Sum Theorem
4:53
Triangle
5:03
Quadrilateral
6:05
Pentagon
6:38
Hexagon
7:59
20-Gon
9:36
Exterior Angle Sum Theorem
12:04
Exterior Angle Sum Theorem
12:05
Extra Example 1: Drawing Polygons
13:51
Extra Example 2: Convex Polygon
15:16
Extra Example 3: Exterior Angle Sum Theorem
18:21
Extra Example 4: Interior Angle Sum Theorem
22:20
Area of Parallelograms

17m 46s

Intro
0:00
Parallelograms
0:06
Definition and Area Formula
0:07
Area of Figure
2:00
Area of Figure
2:01
Extra Example 1:Find the Area of the Shaded Area
3:14
Extra Example 2: Find the Height and Area of the Parallelogram
6:00
Extra Example 3: Find the Area of the Parallelogram Given Coordinates and Vertices
10:11
Extra Example 4: Find the Area of the Figure
14:31
Area of Triangles Rhombi, & Trapezoids

20m 31s

Intro
0:00
Area of a Triangle
0:06
Area of a Triangle: Formula and Example
0:07
Area of a Trapezoid
2:31
Area of a Trapezoid: Formula
2:32
Area of a Trapezoid: Example
6:55
Area of a Rhombus
8:05
Area of a Rhombus: Formula and Example
8:06
Extra Example 1: Find the Area of the Polygon
9:51
Extra Example 2: Find the Area of the Figure
11:19
Extra Example 3: Find the Area of the Figure
14:16
Extra Example 4: Find the Height of the Trapezoid
18:10
Area of Regular Polygons & Circles

36m 43s

Intro
0:00
Regular Polygon
0:08
SOHCAHTOA
0:54
30-60-90 Triangle
1:52
45-45-90 Triangle
2:40
Area of a Regular Polygon
3:39
Area of a Regular Polygon
3:40
Are of a Circle
7:55
Are of a Circle
7:56
Extra Example 1: Find the Area of the Regular Polygon
8:22
Extra Example 2: Find the Area of the Regular Polygon
16:48
Extra Example 3: Find the Area of the Shaded Region
24:11
Extra Example 4: Find the Area of the Shaded Region
32:24
Perimeter & Area of Similar Figures

18m 17s

Intro
0:00
Perimeter of Similar Figures
0:08
Example: Scale Factor & Perimeter of Similar Figures
0:09
Area of Similar Figures
2:44
Example:Scale Factor & Area of Similar Figures
2:55
Extra Example 1: Complete the Table
6:09
Extra Example 2: Find the Ratios of the Perimeter and Area of the Similar Figures
8:56
Extra Example 3: Find the Unknown Area
12:04
Extra Example 4: Use the Given Area to Find AB
14:26
Geometric Probability

38m 40s

Intro
0:00
Length Probability Postulate
0:05
Length Probability Postulate
0:06
Are Probability Postulate
2:34
Are Probability Postulate
2:35
Are of a Sector of a Circle
4:11
Are of a Sector of a Circle Formula
4:12
Are of a Sector of a Circle Example
7:51
Extra Example 1: Length Probability
11:07
Extra Example 2: Area Probability
12:14
Extra Example 3: Area Probability
17:17
Extra Example 4: Area of a Sector of a Circle
26:23
XI. Solids
Three-Dimensional Figures

23m 39s

Intro
0:00
Polyhedrons
0:05
Polyhedrons: Definition and Examples
0:06
Faces
1:08
Edges
1:55
Vertices
2:23
Solids
2:51
Pyramid
2:54
Cylinder
3:45
Cone
4:09
Sphere
4:23
Prisms
5:00
Rectangular, Regular, and Cube Prisms
5:02
Platonic Solids
9:48
Five Types of Regular Polyhedra
9:49
Slices and Cross Sections
12:07
Slices
12:08
Cross Sections
12:47
Extra Example 1: Name the Edges, Faces, and Vertices of the Polyhedron
14:23
Extra Example 2: Determine if the Figure is a Polyhedron and Explain Why
17:37
Extra Example 3: Describe the Slice Resulting from the Cut
19:12
Extra Example 4: Describe the Shape of the Intersection
21:25
Surface Area of Prisms and Cylinders

38m 50s

Intro
0:00
Prisms
0:06
Bases
0:07
Lateral Faces
0:52
Lateral Edges
1:19
Altitude
1:58
Prisms
2:24
Right Prism
2:25
Oblique Prism
2:56
Classifying Prisms
3:27
Right Rectangular Prism
3:28
4:55
Oblique Pentagonal Prism
6:26
Right Hexagonal Prism
7:14
Lateral Area of a Prism
7:42
Lateral Area of a Prism
7:43
Surface Area of a Prism
13:44
Surface Area of a Prism
13:45
Cylinder
16:18
Cylinder: Right and Oblique
16:19
Lateral Area of a Cylinder
18:02
Lateral Area of a Cylinder
18:03
Surface Area of a Cylinder
20:54
Surface Area of a Cylinder
20:55
Extra Example 1: Find the Lateral Area and Surface Are of the Prism
21:51
Extra Example 2: Find the Lateral Area of the Prism
28:15
Extra Example 3: Find the Surface Area of the Prism
31:57
Extra Example 4: Find the Lateral Area and Surface Area of the Cylinder
34:17
Surface Area of Pyramids and Cones

26m 10s

Intro
0:00
Pyramids
0:07
Pyramids
0:08
Regular Pyramids
1:52
Regular Pyramids
1:53
Lateral Area of a Pyramid
4:33
Lateral Area of a Pyramid
4:34
Surface Area of a Pyramid
9:19
Surface Area of a Pyramid
9:20
Cone
10:09
Right and Oblique Cone
10:10
Lateral Area and Surface Area of a Right Cone
11:20
Lateral Area and Surface Are of a Right Cone
11:21
Extra Example 1: Pyramid and Prism
13:11
Extra Example 2: Find the Lateral Area of the Regular Pyramid
15:00
Extra Example 3: Find the Surface Area of the Pyramid
18:29
Extra Example 4: Find the Lateral Area and Surface Area of the Cone
22:08
Volume of Prisms and Cylinders

21m 59s

Intro
0:00
Volume of Prism
0:08
Volume of Prism
0:10
Volume of Cylinder
3:38
Volume of Cylinder
3:39
Extra Example 1: Find the Volume of the Prism
5:10
Extra Example 2: Find the Volume of the Cylinder
8:03
Extra Example 3: Find the Volume of the Prism
9:35
Extra Example 4: Find the Volume of the Solid
19:06
Volume of Pyramids and Cones

22m 2s

Intro
0:00
Volume of a Cone
0:08
Volume of a Cone: Example
0:10
Volume of a Pyramid
3:02
Volume of a Pyramid: Example
3:03
Extra Example 1: Find the Volume of the Pyramid
4:56
Extra Example 2: Find the Volume of the Solid
6:01
Extra Example 3: Find the Volume of the Pyramid
10:28
Extra Example 4: Find the Volume of the Octahedron
16:23
Surface Area and Volume of Spheres

14m 46s

Intro
0:00
Special Segments
0:06
Radius
0:07
Chord
0:31
Diameter
0:55
Tangent
1:20
Sphere
1:43
Plane & Sphere
1:44
Hemisphere
2:56
Surface Area of a Sphere
3:25
Surface Area of a Sphere
3:26
Volume of a Sphere
4:08
Volume of a Sphere
4:09
Extra Example 1: Determine Whether Each Statement is True or False
4:24
Extra Example 2: Find the Surface Area of the Sphere
6:17
Extra Example 3: Find the Volume of the Sphere with a Diameter of 20 Meters
7:25
Extra Example 4: Find the Surface Area and Volume of the Solid
9:17
Congruent and Similar Solids

16m 6s

Intro
0:00
Scale Factor
0:06
Scale Factor: Definition and Example
0:08
Congruent Solids
1:09
Congruent Solids
1:10
Similar Solids
2:17
Similar Solids
2:18
Extra Example 1: Determine if Each Pair of Solids is Similar, Congruent, or Neither
3:35
Extra Example 2: Determine if Each Statement is True or False
7:47
Extra Example 3: Find the Scale Factor and the Ratio of the Surface Areas and Volume
10:14
Extra Example 4: Find the Volume of the Larger Prism
12:14
XII. Transformational Geometry
Mapping

14m 12s

Intro
0:00
Transformation
0:04
Rotation
0:32
Translation
1:03
Reflection
1:17
Dilation
1:24
Transformations
1:45
Examples
1:46
Congruence Transformation
2:51
Congruence Transformation
2:52
Extra Example 1: Describe the Transformation that Occurred in the Mappings
3:37
Extra Example 2: Determine if the Transformation is an Isometry
5:16
Extra Example 3: Isometry
8:16
Reflections

23m 17s

Intro
0:00
Reflection
0:05
Definition of Reflection
0:06
Line of Reflection
0:35
Point of Reflection
1:22
Symmetry
1:59
Line of Symmetry
2:00
Point of Symmetry
2:48
Extra Example 1: Draw the Image over the Line of Reflection and the Point of Reflection
3:45
Extra Example 2: Determine Lines and Point of Symmetry
6:59
Extra Example 3: Graph the Reflection of the Polygon
11:15
Extra Example 4: Graph the Coordinates
16:07
Translations

18m 43s

Intro
0:00
Translation
0:05
Translation: Preimage & Image
0:06
Example
0:56
Composite of Reflections
6:28
Composite of Reflections
6:29
Extra Example 1: Translation
7:48
Extra Example 2: Image, Preimage, and Translation
12:38
Extra Example 3: Find the Translation Image Using a Composite of Reflections
15:08
Extra Example 4: Find the Value of Each Variable in the Translation
17:18
Rotations

21m 26s

Intro
0:00
Rotations
0:04
Rotations
0:05
Performing Rotations
2:13
Composite of Two Successive Reflections over Two Intersecting Lines
2:14
Angle of Rotation: Angle Formed by Intersecting Lines
4:29
Angle of Rotation
5:30
Rotation Postulate
5:31
Extra Example 1: Find the Rotated Image
7:32
Extra Example 2: Rotations and Coordinate Plane
10:33
Extra Example 3: Find the Value of Each Variable in the Rotation
14:29
Extra Example 4: Draw the Polygon Rotated 90 Degree Clockwise about P
16:13
Dilation

37m 6s

Intro
0:00
Dilations
0:06
Dilations
0:07
Scale Factor
1:36
Scale Factor
1:37
Example 1
2:06
Example 2
6:22
Scale Factor
8:20
Positive Scale Factor
8:21
Negative Scale Factor
9:25
Enlargement
12:43
Reduction
13:52
Extra Example 1: Find the Scale Factor
16:39
Extra Example 2: Find the Measure of the Dilation Image
19:32
Extra Example 3: Find the Coordinates of the Image with Scale Factor and the Origin as the Center of Dilation
26:18
Extra Example 4: Graphing Polygon, Dilation, and Scale Factor
32:08
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Lecture Comments (10)

0 answers

Post by Khanh Nguyen on April 28, 2015

On question 10, it says ture, I think it should be changed to "true". Could you change it? Thank You

0 answers

Post by Shahram Ahmadi N. Emran on July 15, 2013

In Example 3 of this lecture/lesson:
The inverse statement is incorrect and is not false.
The correct inverse statement should be If you are not 13 years old, then you are not a teenager and is a TRUE statement. Please verify this answer.

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Pyo
Fri Aug 2, 2013 1:22 AM

Post by Shahram Ahmadi N. Emran on July 15, 2013

In Example 3 of this lecture/lesson:
The inverse statement is incorrect and is not false.
The correct inverse statement should be If you are not 13 years old, then you are not a teenager and is a TRUE statement.

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Pyo
Fri Aug 2, 2013 1:13 AM

Post by julius mogyorossy on July 14, 2013

When you talk about vertical angles you are talking about angles that are opposite of each other, correct. I don't see how you proved that = = congruent, I can't see your logic. It just seems that they are just words that are defined to be the same thing.

0 answers

Post by Kenneth Montfort on February 20, 2013

In the converse and counterexamples practice page (11:04) - can you use a linear pair definition as a counterexample for the first problem?

0 answers

Post by Charlie Jiang on September 11, 2012

good

0 answers

Post by Jorge Guerrero on April 22, 2012

Great lesson! Very useful for law in argumentative stages of a case. Thank you for the skill to apply.

0 answers

Post by JAMIE CHEN on August 1, 2011

very nice work done by mary. her bright and lively personality livens up such a repetitive lesson. C:

+1 comfirm

Conditional Statements

  • If-then statements are called conditional statements or conditionals.
  • The conditional statement: If p, then q.
  • Given statements can be written as condition statements in 3 other forms: converse statements, inverse statements, and contrapositive statements
  • The converse of a given conditional interchanges the hypothesis and the conclusion. This statement can be true or false. If q, then p.
  • The denial of a statement is called a negation. Inverse statements are formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion.
  • A contrapositive statement is formed by exchanging and negating the hypothesis and conclusion of the given conditional.

Conditional Statements

Identify the hypothesis and conclusion.
If I eat all the food on the plate, then I will be sick.
The hypothesis is: I eat all the food on the plate
the conclusion is : I will be sick.
Find the hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional statement.
Dogs are lovely.
  • IF then form: If they are dogs, then they are lovely.
Hypothesis: they are dogs
conclusion: they are lovely.
Write the following statement in if then form.
Linear angles share one side.
If two angles are linear, then they share one side.
Write the converse of the given statement, and decide whether it is true or false.
If two angles share a vertex and a side, then they are adjacent angles.
If two angles are adjacent angles, then they share a vertex and a side.
True
Write the inverse of the given statement and decide whether it is true or false.
If the two angles are adjacent, then they share one side.
Inverse: If two angles are not adjacent, then they do not share one side.
False.
Write the contrapositive of the given statement and decide whether it is true or false.
Acute angles are less than 90o.
  • The statement in if then form: If angles are acute, then they are less than 90o.
Contrapositive statement: If the angles are not less than 90o, then they are not acute angles.
True.
Write the converse, inverse and contropositive of the give statement. Decide whether each is true of false if the given statement is true.
If p, then q.
Converse: If q, then p. True or False.
Inverse: If not p, then not q. True or False.
Contropositive: If not q, then not p. True.
Write the contrapositive of the given statement and decide whether it is true or false.
If 5x − 8 = 2, then x = 2.
Contrapositive: If x = 2, then 5x − 8 = 2.
True.
Write the inverse of the given statement, and decide whether it is true or false.
Right triangle has an angle measures 90.
  • IF then form: If a triangle is a right triangle, then it has an angle measures 90.
Inverse: If a triangle is not a right triangle, then it does not have an angle measure 90.
True.
Write the contrapositive of the given statement and decide whether it is ture or false.
If line AB passes through point C, then point C is on line AB.
If point C is not on line AB, then line AB does not pass through point C.
True.

*These practice questions are only helpful when you work on them offline on a piece of paper and then use the solution steps function to check your answer.

Answer

Conditional Statements

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • If Then Statements 0:05
    • If Then Statements
  • Other Forms 2:29
    • Example: Without Then
    • Example: Using When
    • Example: Hypothesis
  • Identify the Hypothesis and Conclusion 3:52
    • Example 1: Hypothesis and Conclusion
    • Example 2: Hypothesis and Conclusion
    • Example 3: Hypothesis and Conclusion
  • Write in If Then Form 6:16
    • Example 1: Write in If Then Form
    • Example 2: Write in If Then Form
    • Example 3: Write in If Then Form
  • Other Statements 8:40
    • Other Statements
  • Converse Statements 9:18
    • Converse Statements
  • Converses and Counterexamples 11:04
    • Converses and Counterexamples
    • Example 1: Converses and Counterexamples
    • Example 2: Converses and Counterexamples
    • Example 3: Converses and Counterexamples
  • Inverse Statement 19:58
    • Definition and Example
  • Inverse Statement 21:46
    • Example 1: Inverse and Counterexample
    • Example 2: Inverse and Counterexample
  • Contrapositive Statement 25:20
    • Definition and Example
  • Contrapositive Statement 26:58
    • Example: Contrapositive Statement
  • Summary 29:03
    • Summary of Lesson
  • Extra Example 1: Hypothesis and Conclusion 32:20
  • Extra Example 2: If-Then Form 33:23
  • Extra Example 3: Converse, Inverse, and Contrapositive 34:54
  • Extra Example 4: Converse, Inverse, and Contrapositive 37:56

Transcription: Conditional Statements

Welcome back to Educator.com.0000

This next lesson is on conditional statements.0002

If/then statements are called conditional statements, or conditionals.0006

When you have a statement in the form of if something, then something else, then that is considered a conditional statement.0014

If you have a statement "I use an umbrella when it rains," you can rewrite it as a conditional in if/then form.0025

So, "If it is raining, then I use an umbrella": that would be the conditional of the statement "I use an umbrella when it rains."0034

When do you use an umbrella? When it rains, right? So, "If it is raining, then I use an umbrella."0044

And that would be considered a conditional statement.0051

If...this part right here, "If it is raining"--the phrase after the "if" is called the hypothesis.0057

And then, the statement after the "then" is called the conclusion.0072

If it is raining, then I use an umbrella: this part right here is known as the hypothesis; "then I use an umbrella"--that is the conclusion.0080

That is what is going to result from the hypothesis.0087

You can also think of the hypothesis as p; p is the hypothesis, and q is the conclusion.0091

You can write this as a statement if p, then q, because p is the hypothesis; so it is if the hypothesis, then the conclusion.0105

And as symbols, you can write it like this: p → q; p implies q, and that would be the symbol for this condition, "if p, then q."0118

Again, the statement after the "if" is the hypothesis; the statement after the "then" is the conclusion.0134

And then, it is if p, then q; you can also denote it as this, p → q; and that is "p implies q."0140

Now, you could write this in a couple of different ways; you don't always have to write it "if" and "then."0151

And it is still going to be considered a conditional: back to this example, "If it is raining, then I use an umbrella."0158

If you write it without the "then," here is "then": If it is raining, I will use an umbrella; you can write it like that, too.0165

"If it is raining, then I use an umbrella" can also be "If it is raining, I will just use an umbrella."0177

You can also write it using "when" instead of the "if"; you are going to use the word when instead of if.0184

"When it is raining, then I use an umbrella": just because you don't see an if there...0192

this is still going to be the hypothesis, and then this is the conclusion.0199

You can also reword it by stating the hypothesis at the end of it: "I use an umbrella if it is raining."0205

Remember to always look for that word "if": I use an umbrella if it is raining, or I use an umbrella when it is raining.0213

Just keep that in mind: the hypothesis doesn't always have to be in the front.0222

Let's identify the hypothesis and the conclusion: the first one: I am going to make the hypothesis red, and the conclusion will be...0234

If it is Tuesday, then Phil plays tennis: well, the hypothesis, I know, is "if it is Tuesday."0247

So, "it is Tuesday" will be the hypothesis; then what is going to happen as a result?0257

Phil is going to play tennis; that is the conclusion.0264

If it is Tuesday, then Phil plays tennis.0268

The next one: Three points that lie on a line are collinear.0271

Now, this is not written as a conditional statement; so let's rewrite this in if/then form.0280

Three points that lie on a line are collinear; If three points lie on a line, then they are collinear.0290

My hypothesis, then, is "three points lie on a line"; and then, my conclusion is going to be "then they are collinear."0319

Now, notice how, when I identify the hypothesis and conclusion, I am not including the "if" and the "then"; it is following the if and following the then.0331

The next one: You are at least 21 years old if you are an adult.0339

If you look at this, I see an "if" right here; so "you are at least 21 years old," if "you are an adult."0350

Right here, "if you are an adult"--that is going to be the hypothesis; this is an example of when the hypothesis is written at the end of the statement.0359

If you are an adult, then you are at least 21 years old.0368

These examples, we are going to write in if/then form; adjacent angles have a common vertex.0379

If angles are adjacent, then they have a common vertex.0393

The next one: Glass objects are fragile; what is fragile?--glass objects.0418

So, if the objects...you can write this a couple of different ways.0424

You can say, "If the objects are made of glass"; you can say, "If these objects are glass objects..."0433

I am just going to say, "If the objects are glass, then..." what?..."they are fragile."0443

And the third one: An angle is obtuse if its measure is greater than 90 degrees.0459

If..."its"...we want to rewrite this word; if an angle measures greater than 90 degrees, then it is obtuse.0474

OK, when we are given a conditional, we can write those given statements in three other forms,0522

meaning that we can change the conditionals around in three different ways.0537

And the first way is the converse way: converse statements.0543

Oh, and then, we are going to go over each of these separately; so converse statements is the first one,0550

then inverse statements, then contrapositive statements; so just keep in mind that there are three different ways.0554

And the first one, converse statements, is when you interchange the hypothesis and the conclusion.0559

So, remember how we had if p, then q; the hypothesis is p; the conclusion is q.0566

When you switch the p and the q, that is a converse; so what happens then is: it becomes if q, then p.0571

The if and then are still the same; you are still writing the conditional; but you are just switching the hypothesis and the conclusion.0583

And when you write the converse, it doesn't necessarily have to be true.0593

It can be true or false; so again, this is going to be if q, then p.0598

And remember: our conditional statements were p to q, but then the converse is going to be q to p, q implies p, because we are switching them.0605

Here is an example: If it is raining, then I use an umbrella--that is the given conditional statement.0618

Then, the converse, by switching: this is the hypothesis; "then I use an umbrella"--that is the conclusion.0625

You are going to interchange these two; so then, "If I use an umbrella, then it is raining."0632

This is the converse statement, because you switched the hypothesis and the conclusion.0643

This is p; this is q; so then, this became q, and this is p; the converse just interchanges them.0650

Now, remember from the last section: we went over counter-examples.0665

Whenever you have some given statement, and you need to prove that it is false, then you give an example of when that statement is not true.0670

And that is when you can prove that it is false.0683

And like I said earlier, converse statements are not necessarily true; they are going to be true or false.0689

If it is true, then you can leave it at that; but if it is false, then you need to give a counter-example--an example of why it is false, or when it is false.0694

Write the converse of each given statement; decide if it is true or false; if false, write a counter-example.0704

This one: Adjacent angles have a common side.0712

Now, that is the given statement; we need to find the converse statement.0718

So, if you want to write this as a conditional (meaning an if/then statement), then you say, "If angles are adjacent, then they have a common side."0722

Then, the converse is going to be, "If"...now remember: again, you are not putting "then" first;0754

you are keeping the "if" and the "then" statement, but you are just interchanging these two;0767

so, "if angles have a common side, then they are adjacent."0773

Now, we know that this statement right here is true: "If angles are adjacent, then they have a common side"; that is true.0797

"If angles have a common side, then they are adjacent": well, if I have an angle like this; this is A...angle ABC, D...0805

this is angle 1; this is angle 2; now, I know that angles 1 and 2 are adjacent angles, and they have a common side;0824

that is the statement right here, and it is true.0842

Now, if angles have a common side, then does that make them adjacent?0847

Well, let's look at this: I see angle 2 right here, this angle, with this angle; angles 2 and ABC have a common side, which is this right here.0851

This is their common side; but they are not adjacent.0872

So, angles 2 and ABC are not adjacent angles, even though they have a common side.0877

So, that would be my counter-example; the counter-example says that this is false, because this angle right here0885

and this angle right here have a common side of BC, but they are not adjacent.0895

So, keep that in mind--that it could be false--and then give a counter-example.0902

The next one: An angle that measures 120 degrees is an obtuse angle.0911

Let's write that as a conditional: An angle that measures 120 degrees is an obtuse angle,0920

so if an angle measures 120 degrees, then it is an obtuse angle.0927

Now, we know that that is true; if an angle measures 120 degrees, maybe like that right there (this is 120 degrees), then it is an obtuse angle.0951

Let's write the converse now: If an angle is an obtuse angle, then it measures 120 degrees.0966

We know that this is true; is the converse true?0995

If an angle is an obtuse angle, does it measure 120 degrees?0999

Well, can I draw another obtuse angle that is not 120 degrees--maybe a little bit bigger?1004

This could be 130 degrees; that is still an obtuse angle.1012

So then, this right here would be my counter-example, because this is false, and I am showing an example of when the statement is not true.1016

The next one: Two angles with the same measures are congruent.1029

So, if two angles have the same measure, then they are congruent.1040

The converse (and this just means "congruent"): If two angles are congruent, then they have the same measure.1064

If two angles have the same measure...there is an angle, and here is another angle...they are the same.1102

They have the same measure, meaning that...let's say this is 40 degrees; this is 40 degrees.1113

Then, they are congruent; so if this is ABC, and this is DEF, I know that, since the measure of angle ABC1121

is 40, and the measure of angle DEF is 40, they have the same measure; then they are congruent.1138

So then, angle ABC is congruent to angle DEF; this is true.1149

If two angles are congruent, then they have the same measure; that is true, also.1163

That means that the measure of angle ABC equals the measure of angle DEF.1173

And this is the definition of congruency; so you can go from congruent angles to having the same measure; so this is also true.1183

The next one, the second statement, is the inverse statement.1199

This one uses what is called negation; now, when you negate something, you are saying that it is not that.1207

So, if you have p, the hypothesis, then you can say not p; and it is represented by this little symbol right here: this means "not p."1218

So, if a given statement is "an angle is obtuse," then the negated statement would be "an angle is not obtuse."1231

That is all you are doing; and what inverse statements do is negate both the hypothesis and the conclusion.1241

So, you are saying, "if not p, then not q"; your conditional was "if p, then q"; the inverse statement is going to be "if not p, then not q."1251

And that is how you are going to write it: like this: not p to not q; and this is the inverse.1269

Here is a given statement, "If it is raining, then I use an umbrella."1278

The inverse is going to be, "If it is not raining, then I do not use an umbrella."1281

Remember: for converse, all you do is interchange the hypothesis and conclusion.1286

With the inverse, you don't interchange anything; all that you are going to do is negate both statements, the hypothesis and the conclusion.1293

If it is not raining, then I do not use an umbrella.1299

Write the inverse of each conditional; determine if it is true or false; if false, then give a counter-example.1308

If three points lie on a line, then they are collinear.1314

The inverse is going to be, "If three points do not lie on a line, then they are not collinear."1323

We know that this right here, "If three points lie on a line, then they are collinear," is true; that is a true statement.1361

If we have three points on a line, then they are going to be collinear.1370

If three points do not lie on a line, then they are not collinear...let's see.1380

If I have a line, and let's say one point is here; one point is here; and one is right here; three points do not lie on a line.1395

Then, they are not collinear--is that true? That is true.1405

If they don't lie on a line, then they are not collinear.1409

The next one: Vertical angles are congruent.1415

If you want to rewrite this as a conditional, you can: If angles are vertical, then they are congruent.1421

The inverse statement: If angles are not vertical, then they are not congruent.1447

If angles are vertical, then they are congruent; vertical angles would be this angle and this angle right here.1474

So, they are vertical angles, and we know that they are congruent.1484

Now, if angles are not vertical, then they are not congruent.1488

Well, what if I have these angles right here?1494

They are not vertical, but they can still be congruent, if this is 90 and this is 90.1504

They have the same measure, so that means that they are congruent; so this would be false, and here is my counter-example.1511

Now, the third statement is the contrapositive; and that is formed by doing both the converse and the inverse to it.1522

You are going to exchange the hypothesis and the conclusion and negate both.1532

Remember: the converse was where you exchange the hypothesis and the conclusion; in the inverse, you negate both the hypothesis and the conclusion.1539

For a contrapositive, you are going to do both.1546

If p, then q, was just the given conditional statement; but you are going to do "if not q, then not p."1554

So, right here, we see that p and q have been interchanged; that is what you do for the converse.1563

And then, not q and not p--that is negating both: so not q to not p is the contrapositive.1573

The given statement: "If it is raining, then I use an umbrella."1585

The contrapositive: "If I do not use an umbrella, then it is not raining."1588

Here is my p; here is my q; if I do not use an umbrella...not: that means that I did negate; and this is the q statement; then it is not raining: negate p.1595

Find the contrapositive of the conditional, and determine if it is true or false: Vertical angles are congruent.1620

As a conditional, it is, "If angles are vertical, then they are congruent."1628

The contrapositive is, "If"...then I need my q, my conclusion, negated, so, "If angles are not congruent, then they are not vertical."1650

"If angles are vertical, then they are congruent" becomes "If angles are not congruent, then they are not vertical."1690

So, this is a true statement; and then, if angles are not congruent, then they can't be vertical.1700

This is also a true statement; now, for the contrapositive, when you have a conditional that is true, then the contrapositive will also be true.1709

For the converse and the inverse, it could be true or false; but the contrapositive,1724

as long as the original conditional is true, will always be true.1729

If the given conditional statement is false, then the contrapositive will be false.1736

The summary for this lesson: We have conditional statements; and this was one.1747

You write statements in if/then form, and then, from here, you can write the converse, the inverse, and the contrapositive.1762

If we know that "if p"--this is the hypothesis; the "then" statement is the conclusion; then the conditional statement is going to be, "if p, then q."1788

Or I can also write it as p → q.1807

The converse is when you switch the hypothesis and the conclusion.1815

You are going to interchange them; so it is going to be if q, then p.1822

And this is the converse: or you can write q → p; see how all they did was just switch.1833

The inverse is when you negate; you are going to use negation.1845

And this is if...back to p...back to the hypothesis...if not p, then not q.1853

And that would be like that: not p, not q; it is important to know all of these, how to write it like this and like this.1866

The contrapositive uses both: converse and inverse; and this would be if not q, then not p, not (wrong color) q, not p.1879

And another thing to keep in mind: if this is a true statement, then remember that the contrapositive is always going to be a true statement.1907

And then, for the converse and the inverse, it could be true, or it could be false.1923

This could be true or false, and this could be true or false.1928

But keep in mind that the contrapositive will be true, as long as the conditional statement is true.1932

Let's do a few examples: Identify the hypothesis and the conclusion of each conditional statement.1941

If it is sunny, then I will go to the beach: the hypothesis, again, follows the "if"; so "if it is sunny"--that is the condition--"if it is sunny."1949

The conclusion is "then"--what is going to happen as a result: "I will go to the beach."1965

The hypothesis is "it is sunny"; the conclusion is "I will go to the beach."1973

The next one: If 3x - 5 = -11, then x = -2.1980

My hypothesis is "if" this is the equation; "then" my solution is -2, and that is my conclusion.1990

Write in if/then form: A piranha eats other fish.2005

If the fish is a piranha, then it eats other fish.2014

The next one: Equiangular triangles are equilateral: so if triangles are equiangular, then they are equilateral.2040

And it is very important not to confuse the hypothesis and conclusion.2073

A keyword here is "are," or "is"; something is something else--that is a good indicator of what the hypothesis is and what the conclusion is.2080

OK, write the converse, inverse, and contrapositive, and determine if each is true or false.2092

Then, if it is false, then give a counter-example.2101

If you are 13 years old, then you are a teenager.2105

The converse is when, remember, you interchange: If you are a teenager, then you are 13 years old.2111

Is this true or false? Well, the given conditional, "If you are 13 years old, then you are a teenager," is true.2141

How about this one, "If you are a teenager, then you are 13 years old"?2151

Well, can you be 14 and still be a teenager?2156

My counter-example will be showing that, if you are a teenager, then you can also be 14 years old; you can be 15; and so on,2159

and still be considered a teenager; so this one is false.2172

The inverse is when you negate both the hypothesis and the conclusion: "If you are not 13 years old, then you are not a teenager."2178

Well, you can still be 12, and still be a teenager; so this one would be false.2210

And then, the contrapositive is when you interchange them, and you negate both.2222

If you are not a teenager, then you are not 13 years old.2232

The contrapositive is, "If you are not a teenager, then you are not 13 years old."2254

Well, if you are 13, you are considered a teenager; so if you are not a teenager, then you are not 13 years old; so this one is true.2259

And again, since this is true, then the contrapositive is going to be true.2269

Write the converse, inverse, and contrapositive, and determine if each is true or false.2280

If it is false, then we are going to give a counter-example.2286

Acute angles have measures less than 90 degrees.2290

Let me change this to a conditional statement; or, as long as you know what the conditional statement is,2300

then you can just go ahead and start writing the converse, inverse, and contrapositive.2307

Acute angles have measures less than 90 degrees; a conditional statement is "if angles are acute, then they measure less than 90 degrees."2312

And my converse is, "If angles measure 90 degrees, then they are acute."2346

Let me just write them all out: the inverse is, "If angles are not acute, then they do not measure less than 90 degrees."2379

Again, remember: inverse is when you just negate the hypothesis and the conclusion.2406

You are going to make both of them the opposites; so if angles are acute, then the inverse would be "if angles are not acute."2413

OK, and the contrapositive is when you are going to do both.2423

You are going to interchange them, and you are going to negate both.2430

"If angles do not measure less than 90 degrees, then they are not acute."2437

So, this right here, I know, is a true statement: if angles are acute, then they measure less than 90.2466

So, an acute angle is anything that is less than 90.2478

And then, if angles measure...you know, I made a mistake here: if angles measure 90...2484

sorry, it is not "measure 90," but "measure less than 90"...then they are acute.2494

Is that true--"If angles measure less than 90, then they are acute"? Yes, that is true.2504

The inverse is, "If angles are not acute, then they do not measure less than 90."2512

That is true; if it is not acute, then it is either a right angle or an obtuse angle.2519

If it is a right angle, then it measures exactly 90; and if it is an obtuse angle, then it has to measure more than 90.2525

If it is not acute, then it is not going to measure less than 90; that is true.2533

And the contrapositive is, "If angles do not measure less than 90, then they are not acute."2538

So again, if they don't measure less than 90, then they can't be acute; then it is either going to be a right angle or an obtuse angle; so this is also true.2544

And remember that, if the statement is true, then the contrapositive is also going to be true.2555

That is it for this lesson; we will see you next time.2562

Thank you for watching Educator.com!2566

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