Raffi Hovasapian
Solubility Equilibria, Part III
Slide Duration:Table of Contents
41m 24s
 Intro0:00
 Periodic Table of Elements0:15
 Naming Compounds3:13
 Definition and Examples of Ions3:14
 Ionic (Symbol to Name): NaCl5:23
 Ionic (Name to Symbol): Calcium Oxide7:58
 Ionic  Polyatoms Anions: Examples12:45
 Ionic  Polyatoms Anions (Symbol to Name): KClO14:50
 Ionic  Polyatoms Anions (Name to Symbol): Potassium Phosphate15:49
 Ionic Compounds Involving Transition Metals (Symbol to Name): Co₂(CO₃)₃20:48
 Ionic Compounds Involving Transition Metals (Name to Symbol): Palladium 2 Acetate22:44
 Naming Covalent Compounds (Symbol to Name): CO26:21
 Naming Covalent Compounds (Name to Symbol): Nitrogen Trifluoride27:34
 Naming Covalent Compounds (Name to Symbol): Dichlorine Monoxide27:57
 Naming Acids Introduction28:11
 Naming Acids (Name to Symbol): Chlorous Acid35:08
 % Composition by Mass Example37:38
37m 19s
 Intro0:00
 Stoichiometry0:25
 Introduction to Stoichiometry0:26
 Example 15:03
 Example 210:17
 Example 315:09
 Example 424:02
 Example 5: Questions28:11
 Example 5: Part A  Limiting Reactant30:30
 Example 5: Part B32:27
 Example 5: Part C35:00
31m 14s
 Intro0:00
 Precipitation Reactions0:53
 Dissociation of ionic Compounds0:54
 Solubility Guidelines for ionic Compounds: Soluble Ionic Compounds8:15
 Solubility Guidelines for ionic Compounds: Insoluble ionic Compounds12:56
 Precipitation Reactions14:08
 Example 1: Mixing a Solution of BaCl₂ & K₂SO₄21:21
 Example 2: Mixing a Solution of Mg(NO₃)₂ & KI26:10
43m 21s
 Intro0:00
 AcidBase Reactions1:00
 Introduction to Acid: Monoprotic Acid and Polyprotic Acid1:01
 Introduction to Base8:28
 Neutralization11:45
 Example 116:17
 Example 221:55
 Molarity24:50
 Example 326:50
 Example 430:01
 Example 4: Limiting Reactant37:51
 Example 4: Reaction Part40:01
47m 58s
 Intro0:00
 Oxidation Reduction Reactions0:26
 Oxidation and Reduction Overview0:27
 How Can One Tell Whether OxidationReduction has Taken Place?7:13
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 111:22
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 212:46
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 313:25
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 414:50
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 515:41
 Rules for Assigning Oxidation State: Number 617:00
 Example 1: Determine the Oxidation State of Sulfur in the Following Compounds18:20
 Activity Series and Reduction Properties25:32
 Activity Series and Reduction Properties25:33
 Example 2: Write the Balance Molecular, Total Ionic, and Net Ionic Equations for Al + HCl31:37
 Example 334:25
 Example 437:55
31m 50s
 Intro0:00
 Stoichiometry Example 10:36
 Example 1: Question and Answer0:37
 Stoichiometry Example 26:57
 Example 2: Questions6:58
 Example 2: Part A Solution12:16
 Example 2: Part B Solution13:05
 Example 2: Part C Solution14:00
 Example 2: Part D Solution14:38
 Stoichiometry Example 317:56
 Example 3: Questions17:57
 Example 3: Part A Solution19:51
 Example 3: Part B Solution21:43
 Example 3: Part C Solution26:46
49m 40s
 Intro0:00
 Pressure0:22
 Pressure Overview0:23
 Torricelli: Barometer4:35
 Measuring Gas Pressure in a Container7:49
 Boyle's Law12:40
 Example 116:56
 Gas Laws21:18
 Gas Laws21:19
 Avogadro's Law26:16
 Example 231:47
 Ideal Gas Equation38:20
 Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)38:21
 Example 340:43
32m
 Intro0:00
 Gases0:27
 Gases0:28
 Mole Fractions5:52
 Vapor Pressure8:22
 Example 113:25
 Example 222:45
31m 58s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetic Molecular Theory and Real Gases0:45
 Kinetic Molecular Theory 10:46
 Kinetic Molecular Theory 24:23
 Kinetic Molecular Theory 35:42
 Kinetic Molecular Theory 46:27
 Equations7:52
 Effusion11:15
 Diffusion13:30
 Example 119:54
 Example 223:23
 Example 326:45
25m 34s
 Intro0:00
 Example 10:34
 Example 10:35
 Example 26:15
 Example 2: Part A6:16
 Example 2: Part B8:46
 Example 2: Part C10:30
 Example 2: Part D11:15
 Example 2: Part E12:20
 Example 2: Part F13:22
 Example 314:45
 Example 314:46
 Example 418:16
 Example 418:17
 Example 521:04
 Example 521:05
37m 32s
 Intro0:00
 Thermochemistry0:25
 Temperature and Heat0:26
 Work3:07
 System, Surroundings, Exothermic Process, and Endothermic Process8:19
 Work & Gas: Expansion and Compression16:30
 Example 124:41
 Example 227:47
 Example 331:58
32m 34s
 Intro0:00
 Thermochemistry1:43
 Defining Enthalpy & Hess's Law1:44
 Example 16:48
 State Function13:11
 Example 217:15
 Example 324:09
23m 9s
 Intro0:00
 Thermochemistry1:04
 Standard Enthalpy of Formation: Definition & Equation1:05
 ∆H of Formation10:00
 Example 111:22
 Example 219:00
39m 28s
 Intro0:00
 Thermochemistry0:21
 Heat Capacity0:22
 Molar Heat Capacity4:44
 Constant Pressure Calorimetry5:50
 Example 112:24
 Constant Volume Calorimetry21:54
 Example 224:40
 Example 331:03
36m 24s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics2:18
 Rate: 2 NO₂ (g) → 2NO (g) + O₂ (g)2:19
 Reaction Rates Graph7:25
 Time Interval & Average Rate13:13
 Instantaneous Rate15:13
 Rate of Reaction is Proportional to Some Power of the Reactant Concentrations23:49
 Example 127:19
30m 48s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics0:33
 Rate0:34
 Idea2:24
 Example 1: NH₄⁺ + NO₂⁻ → NO₂ (g) + 2 H₂O5:36
 Example 2: BrO₃⁻ + 5 Br⁻ + 6 H⁺ → 3 Br₂ + 3 H₂O19:29
32m 17s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics0:52
 Integrated Rate Law0:53
 Example 16:26
 Example 215:19
 Halflife of a Reaction20:40
 Example 3: Part A25:41
 Example 3: Part B28:01
26m 40s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics0:22
 Second Order0:23
 Example 16:08
 ZeroOrder16:36
 Summary for the Kinetics Associated with the Reaction21:27
40m 59s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics0:53
 Rate Constant0:54
 Collision Model2:45
 Activation Energy5:11
 Arrhenius Proposed9:54
 2 Requirements for a Successful Reaction15:39
 Rate Constant17:53
 Arrhenius Equation19:51
 Example 125:00
 Activation Energy & the Values of K32:12
 Example 236:46
29m 8s
 Intro0:00
 Kinetics0:43
 Example 10:44
 Example 26:53
 Example 38:58
 Example 411:36
 Example 516:36
 Example 6: Part A21:00
 Example 6: Part B25:09
46m
 Intro0:00
 Equilibrium1:32
 Introduction to Equilibrium1:33
 Equilibrium Rules14:00
 Example 1: Part A16:46
 Example 1: Part B18:48
 Example 1: Part C22:13
 Example 1: Part D24:55
 Example 2: Part A27:46
 Example 2: Part B31:22
 Example 2: Part C33:00
 Reverse a Reaction36:04
 Example 337:24
40m 53s
 Intro0:00
 Equilibrium1:31
 Equilibriums Involving Gases1:32
 General Equation10:11
 Example 1: Question11:55
 Example 1: Answer13:43
 Example 2: Question19:08
 Example 2: Answer21:37
 Example 3: Question33:40
 Example 3: Answer35:24
45m 53s
 Intro0:00
 Equilibrium0:57
 Reaction Quotient0:58
 If Q > K5:37
 If Q < K6:52
 If Q = K7:45
 Example 1: Part A8:24
 Example 1: Part B13:11
 Example 2: Question20:04
 Example 2: Answer22:15
 Example 3: Question30:54
 Example 3: Answer32:52
 Steps in Solving Equilibrium Problems42:40
31m 51s
 Intro0:00
 Equilibrium1:09
 Example 1: Question1:10
 Example 1: Answer4:15
 Example 2: Question13:04
 Example 2: Answer15:20
 Example 3: Question25:03
 Example 3: Answer26:32
40m 52s
 Intro0:00
 Le Chatelier1:05
 Le Chatelier Principle1:06
 Concentration: Add 'x'5:25
 Concentration: Subtract 'x'7:50
 Example 19:44
 Change in Pressure12:53
 Example 220:40
 Temperature: Exothermic and Endothermic24:33
 Example 329:55
 Example 435:30
50m 11s
 Intro0:00
 Acids and Bases1:14
 BronstedLowry AcidBase Model1:28
 Reaction of an Acid with Water4:36
 Acid Dissociation10:51
 Acid Strength13:48
 Example 121:22
 Water as an Acid & a Base25:25
 Example 2: Part A32:30
 Example 2: Part B34:47
 Example 3: Part A35:58
 Example 3: Part B39:33
 pH Scale41:12
 Example 443:56
43m 52s
 Intro0:00
 pH of Weak Acid Solutions1:12
 pH of Weak Acid Solutions1:13
 Example 16:26
 Example 214:25
 Example 324:23
 Example 430:38
43m 4s
 Intro0:00
 Bases0:33
 Percent Dissociation: Strong & Weak Bases0:45
 Example 16:23
 Strong Base Dissociation11:24
 Example 213:02
 Weak Acid and General Reaction17:38
 Example: NaOH → Na⁺ + OH⁻20:30
 Strong Base and Weak Base23:49
 Example 424:54
 Example 533:51
35m 34s
 Intro0:00
 Polyprotic Acids1:04
 Acids Dissociation1:05
 Example 14:51
 Example 217:30
 Example 331:11
41m 14s
 Intro0:00
 Salts and Their AcidBase Properties0:11
 Salts and Their AcidBase Properties0:15
 Example 17:58
 Example 214:00
 Metal Ion and Acidic Solution22:00
 Example 328:35
 NH₄F → NH₄⁺ + F⁻34:05
 Example 438:03
41m 58s
 Intro0:00
 Common Ion Effect & Buffers1:16
 Covalent Oxides Produce Acidic Solutions in Water1:36
 Ionic Oxides Produce Basic Solutions in Water4:15
 Practice Example 16:10
 Practice Example 29:00
 Definition12:27
 Example 1: Part A16:49
 Example 1: Part B19:54
 Buffer Solution25:10
 Example of Some Buffers: HF and NaF30:02
 Example of Some Buffers: Acetic Acid & Potassium Acetate31:34
 Example of Some Buffers: CH₃NH₂ & CH₃NH₃Cl33:54
 Example 2: Buffer Solution36:36
32m 24s
 Intro0:00
 Buffers1:20
 Buffer Solution1:21
 Adding Base5:03
 Adding Acid7:14
 Example 1: Question9:48
 Example 1: Recall12:08
 Example 1: Major Species Upon Addition of NaOH16:10
 Example 1: Equilibrium, ICE Chart, and Final Calculation24:33
 Example 1: Comparison29:19
40m 6s
 Intro0:00
 Buffers1:27
 Example 1: Question1:32
 Example 1: ICE Chart3:15
 Example 1: Major Species Upon Addition of OH⁻, But Before Rxn7:23
 Example 1: Equilibrium, ICE Chart, and Final Calculation12:51
 Summary17:21
 Another Look at Buffering & the HendersonHasselbalch equation19:00
 Example 227:08
 Example 332:01
38m 43s
 Intro0:00
 Buffers0:25
 Buffer Capacity Part 10:26
 Example 14:10
 Buffer Capacity Part 219:29
 Example 225:12
 Example 332:02
42m 42s
 Intro0:00
 Titrations: Strong Acid and Strong Base1:11
 Definition of Titration1:12
 Sample Problem3:33
 Definition of Titration Curve or pH Curve9:46
 Scenario 1: Strong Acid Strong Base Titration11:00
 Question11:01
 Part 1: No NaOH is Added14:00
 Part 2: 10.0 mL of NaOH is Added15:50
 Part 3: Another 10.0 mL of NaOH & 20.0 mL of NaOH are Added22:19
 Part 4: 50.0 mL of NaOH is Added26:46
 Part 5: 100.0 mL (Total) of NaOH is Added27:26
 Part 6: 150.0 mL (Total) of NaOH is Added32:06
 Part 7: 200.0 mL of NaOH is Added35:07
 Titrations Curve for Strong Acid and Strong Base35:43
42m 3s
 Intro0:00
 Titrations: Weak Acid and Strong Base0:43
 Question0:44
 Part 1: No NaOH is Added1:54
 Part 2: 10.0 mL of NaOH is Added5:17
 Part 3: 25.0 mL of NaOH is Added14:01
 Part 4: 40.0 mL of NaOH is Added21:55
 Part 5: 50.0 mL (Total) of NaOH is Added22:25
 Part 6: 60.0 mL (Total) of NaOH is Added31:36
 Part 7: 75.0 mL (Total) of NaOH is Added35:44
 Titration Curve36:09
52m 3s
 Intro0:00
 Examples and Indicators0:25
 Example 1: Question0:26
 Example 1: Solution2:03
 Example 2: Question12:33
 Example 2: Solution14:52
 Example 3: Question23:45
 Example 3: Solution25:09
 Acid/Base Indicator Overview34:45
 Acid/Base Indicator Example37:40
 Acid/Base Indicator General Result47:11
 Choosing Acid/Base Indicator49:12
36m 25s
 Intro0:00
 Solubility Equilibria0:48
 Solubility Equilibria Overview0:49
 Solubility Product Constant4:24
 Definition of Solubility9:10
 Definition of Solubility Product11:28
 Example 114:09
 Example 220:19
 Example 327:30
 Relative Solubilities31:04
42m 6s
 Intro0:00
 Solubility Equilibria0:46
 Common Ion Effect0:47
 Example 13:14
 pH & Solubility13:00
 Example of pH & Solubility15:25
 Example 223:06
 Precipitation & Definition of the Ion Product26:48
 If Q > Ksp29:31
 If Q < Ksp30:27
 Example 332:58
43m 9s
 Intro0:00
 Solubility Equilibria0:55
 Example 1: Question0:56
 Example 1: Step 1  Check to See if Anything Precipitates2:52
 Example 1: Step 2  Stoichiometry10:47
 Example 1: Step 3  Equilibrium16:34
 Example 2: Selective Precipitation (Question)21:02
 Example 2: Solution23:41
 Classical Qualitative Analysis29:44
 Groups: 1538:44
43m 38s
 Intro0:00
 Complex Ion Equilibria0:32
 Complex Ion0:34
 Ligan Examples1:51
 Ligand Definition3:12
 Coordination6:28
 Example 18:08
 Example 219:13
31m 30s
 Intro0:00
 Complex Ions and Solubility0:23
 Recall: Classical Qualitative Analysis0:24
 Example 16:10
 Example 216:16
 Dissolving a WaterInsoluble Ionic Compound: Method 123:38
 Dissolving a WaterInsoluble Ionic Compound: Method 228:13
56m 28s
 Intro0:00
 Spontaneity, Entropy, Free Energy2:25
 Energy Overview2:26
 Equation: ∆E = q + w4:30
 State Function/ State Property8:35
 Equation: w = P∆V12:00
 Enthalpy: H = E + PV14:50
 Enthalpy is a State Property17:33
 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions19:20
 First Law of Thermodynamic22:28
 Entropy25:48
 Spontaneous Process33:53
 Second Law of Thermodynamic36:51
 More on Entropy42:23
 Example43:55
39m 55s
 Intro0:00
 Spontaneity, Entropy, Free Energy1:30
 ∆S of Universe = ∆S of System + ∆S of Surrounding1:31
 Convention3:32
 Examining a System5:36
 Thermodynamic Property: Sign of ∆S16:52
 Thermodynamic Property: Magnitude of ∆S18:45
 Deriving Equation: ∆S of Surrounding = ∆H / T20:25
 Example 125:51
 Free Energy Equations29:22
30m 10s
 Intro0:00
 Spontaneity, Entropy, Free Energy0:11
 Example 12:38
 Key Concept of Example 114:06
 Example 215:56
 Units for ∆H, ∆G, and S20:56
 ∆S of Surrounding & ∆S of System22:00
 Reaction Example24:17
 Example 326:52
30m 7s
 Intro0:00
 Spontaneity, Entropy, Free Energy0:29
 Standard Free Energy of Formation0:58
 Example 14:34
 Reaction Under Nonstandard Conditions13:23
 Example 216:26
 ∆G = Negative22:12
 ∆G = 024:38
 Diagram Example of ∆G26:43
44m 56s
 Intro0:00
 Spontaneity, Entropy, Free Energy0:56
 Equations: ∆G of Reaction, ∆G°, and K0:57
 Example 1: Question6:50
 Example 1: Part A9:49
 Example 1: Part B15:28
 Example 217:33
 Example 323:31
 lnK = ( ∆H° ÷ R) ( 1 ÷ T) + ( ∆S° ÷ R)31:36
 Maximum Work35:57
39m 23s
 Intro0:00
 OxidationReduction and Balancing2:06
 Definition of Electrochemistry2:07
 Oxidation and Reduction Review3:05
 Example 1: Assigning Oxidation State10:15
 Example 2: Is the Following a Redox Reaction?18:06
 Example 3: Step 1  Write the Oxidation & Reduction Half Reactions22:46
 Example 3: Step 2  Balance the Reaction26:44
 Example 3: Step 3  Multiply30:11
 Example 3: Step 4  Add32:07
 Example 3: Step 5  Check33:29
43m 9s
 Intro0:00
 Galvanic Cells0:39
 Example 1: Balance the Following Under Basic Conditions0:40
 Example 1: Steps to Balance Reaction Under Basic Conditions3:25
 Example 1: Solution5:23
 Example 2: Balance the Following Reaction13:56
 Galvanic Cells18:15
 Example 3: Galvanic Cells28:19
 Example 4: Galvanic Cells35:12
48m 41s
 Intro0:00
 Cell Potential2:08
 Definition of Cell Potential2:17
 Symbol and Unit5:50
 Standard Reduction Potential10:16
 Example Figure 113:08
 Example Figure 219:00
 All Reduction Potentials are Written as Reduction23:10
 Cell Potential: Important Fact 126:49
 Cell Potential: Important Fact 227:32
 Cell Potential: Important Fact 328:54
 Cell Potential: Important Fact 430:05
 Example Problem 132:29
 Example Problem 238:38
41m 23s
 Intro0:00
 Potential, Work, Free Energy0:42
 Descriptions of Galvanic Cell0:43
 Line Notation5:33
 Example 16:26
 Example 211:15
 Example 315:18
 Equation: Volt22:20
 Equations: Cell Potential, Work, and Charge28:30
 Maximum Cell Potential is Related to the Free Energy of the Cell Reaction35:09
 Example 437:42
34m 19s
 Intro0:00
 Cell Potential & Concentration0:29
 Example 1: Question0:30
 Example 1: Nernst Equation4:43
 Example 1: Solution7:01
 Cell Potential & Concentration11:27
 Example 216:38
 Manipulating the Nernst Equation25:15
 Example 328:43
33m 21s
 Intro0:00
 Electrolysis3:16
 Electrolysis: Part 13:17
 Electrolysis: Part 25:25
 Galvanic Cell Example7:13
 Nickel Cadmium Battery12:18
 Ampere16:00
 Example 120:47
 Example 225:47
44m 45s
 Intro0:00
 Light2:14
 Introduction to Light2:15
 Frequency, Speed, and Wavelength of Waves3:58
 Units and Equations7:37
 Electromagnetic Spectrum12:13
 Example 1: Calculate the Frequency17:41
 E = hν21:30
 Example 2: Increment of Energy25:12
 Photon Energy of Light28:56
 Wave and Particle31:46
 Example 3: Wavelength of an Electron34:46
54m
 Intro0:00
 Quantum Mechanics & Electron Orbitals0:51
 Quantum Mechanics & Electron Orbitals Overview0:52
 Electron Orbital and Energy Levels for the Hydrogen Atom8:47
 Example 113:41
 Quantum Mechanics: Schrodinger Equation19:19
 Quantum Numbers Overview31:10
 Principal Quantum Numbers33:28
 Angular Momentum Numbers34:55
 Magnetic Quantum Numbers36:35
 Spin Quantum Numbers37:46
 Primary Level, Sublevels, and SubSubLevels39:42
 Example42:17
 Orbital & Quantum Numbers49:32
34m 4s
 Intro0:00
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams1:08
 Electronic Structure of Ground State Atom1:09
 Order of Electron Filling3:50
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: H8:41
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: He9:12
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: Li9:47
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: Be11:17
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: B12:05
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: C13:03
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: N14:55
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: O15:24
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: F16:25
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: Ne17:00
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: S18:08
 Electron Configurations & Diagrams: Fe20:08
 Introduction to Valence Electrons23:04
 Valence Electrons of Oxygen23:44
 Valence Electrons of Iron24:02
 Valence Electrons of Arsenic24:30
 Valence Electrons: Exceptions25:36
 The Periodic Table27:52
52m 43s
 Intro0:00
 Vapor Pressure and Changes of State2:26
 Intermolecular Forces Overview2:27
 Hydrogen Bonding5:23
 Heat of Vaporization9:58
 Vapor Pressure: Definition and Example11:04
 Vapor Pressures is Mostly a Function of Intermolecular Forces17:41
 Vapor Pressure Increases with Temperature20:52
 Vapor Pressure vs. Temperature: Graph and Equation22:55
 ClausiusClapeyron Equation31:55
 Example 132:13
 Heating Curve35:40
 Heat of Fusion41:31
 Example 243:45
31m 17s
 Intro0:00
 Phase Diagrams and Solutions0:22
 Definition of a Phase Diagram0:50
 Phase Diagram Part 1: H₂O1:54
 Phase Diagram Part 2: CO₂9:59
 Solutions: Solute & Solvent16:12
 Ways of Discussing Solution Composition: Mass Percent or Weight Percent18:46
 Ways of Discussing Solution Composition: Molarity20:07
 Ways of Discussing Solution Composition: Mole Fraction20:48
 Ways of Discussing Solution Composition: Molality21:41
 Example 1: Question22:06
 Example 1: Mass Percent24:32
 Example 1: Molarity25:53
 Example 1: Mole Fraction28:09
 Example 1: Molality29:36
37m 23s
 Intro0:00
 Vapor Pressure of Solutions2:07
 Vapor Pressure & Raoult's Law2:08
 Example 15:21
 When Ionic Compounds Dissolve10:51
 Example 212:38
 NonIdeal Solutions17:42
 Negative Deviation24:23
 Positive Deviation29:19
 Example 331:40
34m 11s
 Intro0:00
 Colligative Properties1:07
 Boiling Point Elevation1:08
 Example 1: Question5:19
 Example 1: Solution6:52
 Freezing Point Depression12:01
 Example 2: Question14:46
 Example 2: Solution16:34
 Osmotic Pressure20:20
 Example 3: Question28:00
 Example 3: Solution30:16
48m 39s
 Intro0:00
 Bonding & Lewis Structure2:23
 Covalent Bond2:24
 Single Bond, Double Bond, and Triple Bond4:11
 Bond Length & Intermolecular Distance5:51
 Definition of Electronegativity8:42
 Bond Polarity11:48
 Bond Energy20:04
 Example 124:31
 Definition of Lewis Structure31:54
 Steps in Forming a Lewis Structure33:26
 Lewis Structure Example: H₂36:53
 Lewis Structure Example: CH₄37:33
 Lewis Structure Example: NO⁺38:43
 Lewis Structure Example: PCl₅41:12
 Lewis Structure Example: ICl₄⁻43:05
 Lewis Structure Example: BeCl₂45:07
36m 59s
 Intro0:00
 Resonance and Formal Charge0:09
 Resonance Structures of NO₃⁻0:25
 Resonance Structures of NO₂⁻12:28
 Resonance Structures of HCO₂⁻16:28
 Formal Charge19:40
 Formal Charge Example: SO₄²⁻21:32
 Formal Charge Example: CO₂31:33
 Formal Charge Example: HCN32:44
 Formal Charge Example: CN⁻33:34
 Formal Charge Example: 0₃34:43
41m 21s
 Intro0:00
 Shapes of Molecules0:35
 VSEPR0:36
 Steps in Determining Shapes of Molecules6:18
 Linear11:38
 Trigonal Planar11:55
 Tetrahedral12:45
 Trigonal Bipyramidal13:23
 Octahedral14:29
 Table: Shapes of Molecules15:40
 Example: CO₂21:11
 Example: NO₃⁻24:01
 Example: H₂O27:00
 Example: NH₃29:48
 Example: PCl₃⁻32:18
 Example: IF₄⁺34:38
 Example: KrF₄37:57
40m 17s
 Intro0:00
 Hybrid Orbitals0:13
 Introduction to Hybrid Orbitals0:14
 Electron Orbitals for CH₄5:02
 sp³ Hybridization10:52
 Example: sp³ Hybridization12:06
 sp² Hybridization14:21
 Example: sp² Hybridization16:11
 σ Bond19:10
 π Bond20:07
 sp Hybridization & Example22:00
 dsp³ Hybridization & Example27:36
 d²sp³ Hybridization & Example30:36
 Example: Predict the Hybridization and Describe the Molecular Geometry of CO32:31
 Example: Predict the Hybridization and Describe the Molecular Geometry of BF₄⁻35:17
 Example: Predict the Hybridization and Describe the Molecular Geometry of XeF₂37:09
52m 34s
 Intro0:00
 Multiple Choice1:21
 Multiple Choice 11:22
 Multiple Choice 22:23
 Multiple Choice 33:38
 Multiple Choice 44:34
 Multiple Choice 55:16
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 Multiple Choice 87:03
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32m 15s
 Intro0:00
 Multiple Choice0:12
 Multiple Choice 420:13
 Multiple Choice 430:33
 Multiple Choice 441:16
 Multiple Choice 452:36
 Multiple Choice 465:22
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 Multiple Choice 488:02
 Multiple Choice 4910:05
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47m 22s
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43m 5s
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28m 36s
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2 answers
Last reply by: Professor Hovasapian
Wed Jan 18, 2017 6:21 PM
Post by Mariam Arab on December 31, 2016
For the first example, shouldn't the initial concentration of I be 0.048*2 M, since we need 2 I for each Pb2+?
1 answer
Last reply by: Professor Hovasapian
Fri Nov 18, 2016 8:55 PM
Post by Adel Althaqafy on October 3, 2016
Hi could you please describe one example of an ion selective electrode for an ion, other than the H+ ion, and explain how the electrode works
thanks
6 answers
Last reply by: Derek Marshall
Mon Sep 7, 2015 9:03 AM
Post by Derek Marshall on August 28, 2015
Hi Professor,
I am doing some practice problems from my Chem book and I've come across a question I can't figure out. "The cations Ba2+ and Sr2+ can be precipitated as very insoluble sulfates. a). If you add sodium sulfate to a solution containing these metal cations, each with a concentration of 0.10 M, which is precipitated first, BaSO4 or SrSO4? b). What will be the concentration of the first ion that precipitates (Ba2+ or Sr2+) when the second, more soluble salt begins to precipitate?"
For a). I know the answer is BaSO4. I can't figure out the second part though. The answer in the back of the book says 1.8*10^7 M. I have the ksp for BaSO4 as 1.1*10^10, so I set this equal to [Ba2+][SO4 2], but I'm not sure how to incorporate the 0.1 M Ba2+.
Hope all is well,
Derek Marshall
3 answers
Last reply by: Professor Hovasapian
Wed Jul 31, 2013 1:40 PM
Post by Christian Fischer on July 30, 2013
Hi and thank you for making such enjoyable videos. I have a question: Why do we precipitate Pb and I completely (100%) at the stoichiometry part? Is that how the chemistry works: when you mix two ions they first precipitate completely, and then they come into solution again at equilibrium? What if iodine and Pb did not precipitate completely, what would you then do?
Sincerely
Christian