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Rebekah Hendershot

Rebekah Hendershot

Passage-Based Question Types

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. Vocabulary
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 1

11m 33s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:38
Read!
0:46
Listen!
1:46
Talk!
2:40
Erroneous
3:12
Prudent
4:03
Frivolous
4:49
Indignation
5:40
Credulous
6:27
Longevity
8:15
Misconceive
8:38
Context
9:15
Forebode
10:16
Predilection
10:51
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 2

8m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:31
Read!
0:35
Listen!
0:47
Talk!
1:06
Benevolent
1:16
Exotic
1:59
Equanimity
2:34
Amass
3:02
Dilettante
3:24
Deference
4:01
Congenial
4:28
Bewilder
5:22
Benefactor
5:47
Demagogue
6:55
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 3

7m 41s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:30
Read!
0:34
Listen!
0:56
Talk!
1:16
Precursor
1:28
Consensus
2:03
Sufficient
2:42
Allege
3:08
Afflict
3:47
Disposition
4:20
Adverse
4:39
Charisma
5:23
Volatile
5:56
Oblivious
6:51
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 4

7m 10s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:35
Read!
0:39
Listen!
1:03
Talk!
1:22
Urgent
1:36
Unprecedented
2:19
Arbitrary
2:56
Constituent
3:24
Tact
3:57
Insolent
4:33
Tyrannical
5:04
Temperament
5:30
Stringent
6:01
Repute
6:24
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 5

6m 50s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:29
Read!
0:34
Listen!
0:47
Talk!
1:05
Belligerent
1:15
Prolong
2:06
Diverse
2:34
Devoid
3:05
Spare
3:31
Anecdote
4:10
Ornate
4:50
Vivid
5:14
Magnanimous
5:56
Commonplace
6:17
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 6

7m 58s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:37
Read!
0:42
Listen!
0:50
Talk!
1:03
Ascertain
1:16
Commend
1:46
Dispense
2:14
Capricious
2:59
Atypical
3:28
Articulate
4:00
Arouse
5:05
Apathetic
5:35
Enigma
6:28
Reverence
7:00
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 7

7m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:39
Read!
0:44
Listen!
0:51
Talk!
0:59
Anomaly
1:16
Alleviate
2:00
Admonish
2:35
Steadfast
3:13
Deliberate
3:58
Sustain
4:19
Somber
4:54
Refute
5:26
Penchant
6:24
Reticence
6:47
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 8

9m 9s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:38
Read!
0:46
Listen!
1:06
Talk!
1:21
Paradox
1:34
Vigor
2:29
Obscure
2:49
Proximity
3:25
Mitigate
3:58
Egotism
4:34
Legitimate
5:06
Contemporary
5:56
Lament
6:49
Duplicitous
8:09
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 9

12m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:15
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:41
Read!
0:47
Listen!
1:27
Talk!
1:45
Linguistics
2:06
Commemorate
3:17
Candid
4:02
Callous
5:30
Brevity
6:24
Benign
7:16
Connoisseur
8:18
Anachronism
9:01
Prestige
10:41
Vindictive
11:20
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 10

9m 30s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:15
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:43
Read!
0:49
Listen!
1:37
Talk!
1:55
Naïve
2:08
Exemplify
3:03
Erratic
3:44
Forbear
4:16
Discern
5:25
Autonomy
5:54
Eradicate
6:37
Abstruse
7:05
Rhetoric
7:54
Substantiate
8:45
II. Critical Reading
Sentence Completion Question Types

12m 29s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
What Are Sentence Completion Questions?
0:40
Choose the Correct Word to Fill in a Blank
0:43
Tests Your Vocabulary and Your Ability to Reason
0:53
Sentence Completion Question Types
1:15
Vocabulary-In-Context
1:24
Logic-Based Questions
1:38
Vocabulary In Context
2:09
Example
2:16
Logic-Based Questions
2:54
Example
3:11
Sentence Completion Strategies
3:28
Pick a Word, Any Word
3:33
Example
4:02
Positives and Negatives
4:36
Example
5:03
Process of Elimination
5:24
Example
6:07
Sentence Completion Tips
7:41
Look for Clue Words
7:48
Look for the Relationship Between the Two Words and the Sequence of the Blanks
8:44
Never Eliminate a Choice Unless You Are Sure of Its Meaning
10:38
If You Can Only Eliminate One Answer Choice, Move On and Come Back To It Later
11:42
If You Can Eliminate Two Choices, Feel Free to Guess
11:54
Passage-Based Question Types

17m 46s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
What Are Passage Based Questions?
0:55
Questions Related to Long, Short, or Paired Passages
0:58
May Ask You for Info Directly Related in the Passage or to Draw Conclusions or Make Predictions
1:12
Passage Types
1:32
Question Types
2:35
Literal Comprehension
2:38
Vocabulary-In-Context
2:50
Extended Reasoning
3:09
Literal Comprehension
3:24
Rely On Your Memory or Look Back at Passage
3:28
Watch Out for 'Reversal Words'
3:51
Example
3:57
Vocabulary In Context
4:52
Most of These Words Have Multiple meanings
5:00
Reread the Sentences to Which the Questions Refer
5:06
Example
5:20
Extended Reasoning
6:07
May Ask You to Determine the Main Idea or Author's Primary Purpose
6:11
Draw Conclusions Based on the Info Provided
6:43
Identify the Author's Tone or Attitude
7:18
Passage-Based Strategies
7:38
Take Notes
7:44
Read What's There… and What Isn't
8:34
Ask Questions
9:39
Read the Questions First
10:39
Key Words and Phrases
11:24
When You See: According to the Author
11:30
When You See: Best
11:42
When You See: Chiefly
12:09
When You See: Except
12:31
When You See: The Author Implies
12:54
When You See: Least
13:21
When You See: Mainly
13:33
When You See: Most
13:38
When You See: Only
13:47
When You See: Primarily
14:03
Passage-Based Tips
14:08
All the Answers Will Be In or Implied By the Passage
14:12
Watch Out for Descriptive Words and Phrases
14:29
Make Sure the Passage Supports Whichever Answer You Choose
15:40
Use Process of Elimination
15:45
If You Must Jump Around, Do So Within a Set of Questions
16:40
What to Read For the SAT

37m 42s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Why Read?
0:57
Best Way to Build You Vocabulary
1:01
Practice Understanding What the Authors Are Saying 'Between the Lines'
1:12
How to Choose Books
2:42
Choose Books in Areas That Interest You
2:55
Choose Books That Challenge You
3:10
The Rule of Three
4:27
If a Work Is Short, Give It Three Pages to Pique Your Interest
4:57
If a Work Is Long, Give it Three Chapters to Pique Your Interest
5:09
Great Books for Every Interest
5:32
Ask Yourself What Are Your Favorite Things to Watch & Do?
5:51
Asking a Librarian for Great Books
6:24
Mystery
6:49
Adventure
10:14
Fantasy
12:55
Science Fiction
17:13
Humor
21:10
Romance
23:09
Realistic Fiction
24:12
A Great Place to Start
25:12
Nation - Terry Pratchett
25:21
If You Can't / Won't Read
27:19
Listen to Audio books
27:31
Watch Live Performances
27:53
Shakespeare Performed BY People Who Love Shakespeare
28:48
The Dirty Secret of Reading
29:31
Comic Books!
29:38
The Unwritten - Mike Carey
33:59
III. Sample Tests
Answer Guide: Section 3 (Critical Reading)

16m 11s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Sentence Completions
1:04
Question 1
1:06
Question 2
1:55
Question 3
2:17
Question 4
3:05
Question 5
3:40
Passage-Based Questions
4:12
Question 6
4:13
Question 7
5:03
Question 8
5:54
Question 9
6:26
Question 10
6:49
Question 11
7:26
Question 12
7:47
Question 13
8:34
Question 14
9:05
Question 15
9:43
Question 16
10:26
Question 17
11:17
Question 18
12:08
Question 19
12:36
Question 20
13:21
Question 21
13:54
Question 22
14:21
Question 23
14:43
Question 24
15:16
Answer Guide: Section 7 (Critical Reading)

14m 43s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
Sentence Completions
0:54
Question 1
0:55
Question 2
1:45
Question 3
2:01
Question 4
2:33
Question 5
3:11
Passage-Based Questions
3:37
Question 6
3:38
Question 7
3:55
Question 8
4:27
Question 9
4:58
Question 10
5:33
Question 11
6:09
Question 12
6:30
Question 13
6:59
Question 14
7:38
Question 15
8:25
Question 16
8:52
Question 17
9:31
Question 18
9:59
Question 19
10:30
Question 20
11:01
Question 21
11:46
Question 22
12:21
Question 23
13:09
Question 24
13:47
Answer Guide: Section 9 (Critical Reading)

10m 45s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Completions
0:57
Question 1
0:58
Question 2
1:35
Question 3
2:07
Question 4
2:56
Question 5
3:08
Question 6
3:31
Passage-Based Questions
3:46
Question 7
3:47
Question 8
4:34
Question 9
5:07
Question 10
5:33
Question 11
5:50
Question 12
6:23
Question 13
6:50
Question 14
7:11
Question 15
7:42
Question 16
8:28
Question 17
8:54
Question 18
9:17
Question 19
9:50
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For more information, please see full course syllabus of SAT Critical Reading
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Lecture Comments (9)

0 answers

Post by Kishor Pant on December 22, 2014

Thank you so much! Your series has been quite helpful. These tips are so refreshing! :)

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Hendershot
Sun Aug 4, 2013 6:52 PM

Post by Lavanya Kanneganti on August 4, 2013

By the time I'm in junior year will my teachers have taught me most of the concepts i need to score better on the SAT??
On the ACT do you have any recommendations for resources that will help you improve in the science section of it?

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Hendershot
Sun Aug 4, 2013 4:16 PM

Post by Lavanya Kanneganti on August 4, 2013

Yes, I understand and totally agree. Thank you! I don't know what high school you went to but most of the people that i know are asian so the dying your hair blonde, being anorexic, and joining the basketball team are some what far-fetched. :)

I'm going to be a freshmen this year so i was wondering what would be a good SAT score as a freshmen to have, to know if you're headed in the right direction.

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Hendershot
Sun Aug 4, 2013 12:34 AM

Post by Lavanya Kanneganti on August 3, 2013

Here in Kentucky most of the high schoolers that i know say to skim,because we won't have enough time to finish reading the passage and to be able to thoroughly understand it. So I've been practicing speed reading and skimming,(because i never really understood what to do when you "skim"). Do you have any recommendations for ways to improve your speed reading other than reading (i got that one covered)?

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Hendershot
Sat Aug 3, 2013 1:23 AM

Post by Lavanya Kanneganti on August 2, 2013

Do you recommend that we skim the passage because of time or that we read the passage? And would it be a good idea to learn speed reading and comprehending too?

Passage-Based Question Types

  • What Are Passage-Based Questions:
    • Passage-based questions are questions related to long, short, or paired passages.
    • They may ask you for information directly related in the passage, or ask you to draw conclusions or make predictions after “reading between the lines.”
    • These questions usually appear toward the end of the critical reading section.
  • Passage Types
    • Nonfiction
      • Humanities
      • Social studies
      • Natural sciences
    • Literary fiction
    • Paired passages
    • Narrative, persuasive, expository, and literary elements
  • Question Types
    • Literal comprehensionquestions ask you to identify information that is directly presented in the passage.
    • Vocabulary-in-contextquestions ask you to identify the meaning of words as they’re used in the passage
    • Extended reasoningquestions ask you to draw conclusions from or evaluate the information in the passage.
  • Literal Comprehension Questions
    • To answer these questions, rely on your memory or look back at the passage.
    • Remember that the wording in the question need not match the wording of the passage.
    • Watch out for “reversal words” such as except, not,and only.
  • Vocabulary-in-Context Questions
    • Most words in these questions have multiple meanings.
    • To answer these questions, go back and reread the sentences to which they refer. Study the context.
    • If necessary, think of another word that would make just as much sense in the same sentence.
  • Extended Reasoning Questions
    • May ask you to determine the main idea or the author’s primary purpose in writing.
    • May ask you to explain what a particular word, image, phrase, example, or quotation means in context.
    • Draw conclusions based on the information provided.
    • Predict how the author of one passage might react to or evaluate an idea expressed in a related passage.
    • Identify the author’s tone or attitude.
    • Understand a specific idea or relationship in a passage and identify a parallel or analogous one.
  • Passage-Based Question Strategies
    • Take notes
      • As you read, make little notes in the margin to indicate what happens in particular sections, or what material is included there. Summarize key events and passages.
      • This doesn’t help every student, but it might give you a handy reference when you have to look back at the passage later.
      • Don’t spend too much time on note-taking–remember it’s supposed to help you work faster.
    • Read what’s there … and what isn’t
      • Pay attention to what the author is saying, even if you don’t agree.
      • Read between the lines to identify the author’s tone and attitude, as well as whether he or she is being ironic or satirical.
      • Remember that each passage has a purpose, but it may not be obvious.
    • Ask questions:As you read, ask yourself:
      • What factsare being presented?
      • What opinions are being conveyed?
      • What is the author’s purpose?
      • What sort of writing probably came beforethis selection?
      • What sort of writing might come afterit?
    • Read the questions first (?)
      • If you’re really struggling to understand the passage, read the questions before going back to it. You may have an easier time if you know what you’ll be asked to do.
      • BUT this doesn’t work all the time. Knowing what the questions are asking might be a waste of time if you can’t figure out what the passage is about. Try both methods as you answer practice questions, and see which one works better for you.
  • Key Words and Phrases
    When you see …Remember …
    According to the author/passage To answer with what the author says/thinks, not what youthink.
    best To choose the very best answer, and avoid letting merely good ones distract you.
    chiefly To look for central or important elements–the “big stuff”
    except To look for the answer choice that doesn’t belong.
    The author implies…It can be inferred …The author suggests … To read between the lines, and never substitute your ideas for the author’s.
    least To choose the least likely, reasonable, etc. choice–the one that makes the least sense.
    mainly It’s the same as chiefly–look for the big ideas.
    most To choose the most likely, reasonable, etc. choice–like mainlyand chiefly, opposite to least.
    only To watch for single examples of something (“I am an onlychild”), or restrictions (“I onlygo running on Sundays.”)
    primarily Same as chiefly
  • Passage-Based Strategies
    • All the answers will be in, or implied by, the passage. Read carefully!
    • Watch out for descriptive words and phrases, like “attractive,” “burned,” or “with a smirk”. Details matter, both for literal comprehension and extended reasoning!
    • Read questions and answers carefully.
    • Don’t let a good answer be the enemy of the best answer. It’s possible for an answer to be both true and wrong.
    • Make sure the passage supports whichever answer you choose.
    • Use process of elimination. Remember, if you can eliminate at least two choices, it’s worth it to guess.
    • Double-check the other choices, just in case.
    • If you have read carefully, your first answer is very often the best one–unless you find new information on the reread.
    • Don’t jump from passage to passage. Answer as many questions as you can on each passage before moving on.
    • If you must jump around, jump around within a set of questions.
    • Remember that going back to questions later may mean rereading the passage.
    • Go back to any questions you’ve skipped and see if you’ve learned any new information or drawn any new conclusions. Remember, your brain is always working, even when you think it’s not!
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Passage-Based Question Types

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:10
  • What Are Passage Based Questions? 0:55
    • Questions Related to Long, Short, or Paired Passages
    • May Ask You for Info Directly Related in the Passage or to Draw Conclusions or Make Predictions
  • Passage Types 1:32
  • Question Types 2:35
    • Literal Comprehension
    • Vocabulary-In-Context
    • Extended Reasoning
  • Literal Comprehension 3:24
    • Rely On Your Memory or Look Back at Passage
    • Watch Out for 'Reversal Words'
    • Example
  • Vocabulary In Context 4:52
    • Most of These Words Have Multiple meanings
    • Reread the Sentences to Which the Questions Refer
    • Example
  • Extended Reasoning 6:07
    • May Ask You to Determine the Main Idea or Author's Primary Purpose
    • Draw Conclusions Based on the Info Provided
    • Identify the Author's Tone or Attitude
  • Passage-Based Strategies 7:38
    • Take Notes
    • Read What's There… and What Isn't
    • Ask Questions
    • Read the Questions First
  • Key Words and Phrases 11:24
    • When You See: According to the Author
    • When You See: Best
    • When You See: Chiefly
    • When You See: Except
    • When You See: The Author Implies
    • When You See: Least
    • When You See: Mainly
    • When You See: Most
    • When You See: Only
    • When You See: Primarily
  • Passage-Based Tips 14:08
    • All the Answers Will Be In or Implied By the Passage
    • Watch Out for Descriptive Words and Phrases
    • Make Sure the Passage Supports Whichever Answer You Choose
    • Use Process of Elimination
    • If You Must Jump Around, Do So Within a Set of Questions
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