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Rebekah Hendershot

Rebekah Hendershot

Answer Guide: Section 7 (Critical Reading)

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. Vocabulary
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 1

11m 33s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:38
Read!
0:46
Listen!
1:46
Talk!
2:40
Erroneous
3:12
Prudent
4:03
Frivolous
4:49
Indignation
5:40
Credulous
6:27
Longevity
8:15
Misconceive
8:38
Context
9:15
Forebode
10:16
Predilection
10:51
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 2

8m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:31
Read!
0:35
Listen!
0:47
Talk!
1:06
Benevolent
1:16
Exotic
1:59
Equanimity
2:34
Amass
3:02
Dilettante
3:24
Deference
4:01
Congenial
4:28
Bewilder
5:22
Benefactor
5:47
Demagogue
6:55
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 3

7m 41s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:30
Read!
0:34
Listen!
0:56
Talk!
1:16
Precursor
1:28
Consensus
2:03
Sufficient
2:42
Allege
3:08
Afflict
3:47
Disposition
4:20
Adverse
4:39
Charisma
5:23
Volatile
5:56
Oblivious
6:51
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 4

7m 10s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:35
Read!
0:39
Listen!
1:03
Talk!
1:22
Urgent
1:36
Unprecedented
2:19
Arbitrary
2:56
Constituent
3:24
Tact
3:57
Insolent
4:33
Tyrannical
5:04
Temperament
5:30
Stringent
6:01
Repute
6:24
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 5

6m 50s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:29
Read!
0:34
Listen!
0:47
Talk!
1:05
Belligerent
1:15
Prolong
2:06
Diverse
2:34
Devoid
3:05
Spare
3:31
Anecdote
4:10
Ornate
4:50
Vivid
5:14
Magnanimous
5:56
Commonplace
6:17
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 6

7m 58s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:37
Read!
0:42
Listen!
0:50
Talk!
1:03
Ascertain
1:16
Commend
1:46
Dispense
2:14
Capricious
2:59
Atypical
3:28
Articulate
4:00
Arouse
5:05
Apathetic
5:35
Enigma
6:28
Reverence
7:00
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 7

7m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:39
Read!
0:44
Listen!
0:51
Talk!
0:59
Anomaly
1:16
Alleviate
2:00
Admonish
2:35
Steadfast
3:13
Deliberate
3:58
Sustain
4:19
Somber
4:54
Refute
5:26
Penchant
6:24
Reticence
6:47
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 8

9m 9s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:38
Read!
0:46
Listen!
1:06
Talk!
1:21
Paradox
1:34
Vigor
2:29
Obscure
2:49
Proximity
3:25
Mitigate
3:58
Egotism
4:34
Legitimate
5:06
Contemporary
5:56
Lament
6:49
Duplicitous
8:09
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 9

12m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:15
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:41
Read!
0:47
Listen!
1:27
Talk!
1:45
Linguistics
2:06
Commemorate
3:17
Candid
4:02
Callous
5:30
Brevity
6:24
Benign
7:16
Connoisseur
8:18
Anachronism
9:01
Prestige
10:41
Vindictive
11:20
Essential SAT Vocab: Part 10

9m 30s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:15
Ways to Improve Your Vocabulary
0:43
Read!
0:49
Listen!
1:37
Talk!
1:55
Naïve
2:08
Exemplify
3:03
Erratic
3:44
Forbear
4:16
Discern
5:25
Autonomy
5:54
Eradicate
6:37
Abstruse
7:05
Rhetoric
7:54
Substantiate
8:45
II. Critical Reading
Sentence Completion Question Types

12m 29s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
What Are Sentence Completion Questions?
0:40
Choose the Correct Word to Fill in a Blank
0:43
Tests Your Vocabulary and Your Ability to Reason
0:53
Sentence Completion Question Types
1:15
Vocabulary-In-Context
1:24
Logic-Based Questions
1:38
Vocabulary In Context
2:09
Example
2:16
Logic-Based Questions
2:54
Example
3:11
Sentence Completion Strategies
3:28
Pick a Word, Any Word
3:33
Example
4:02
Positives and Negatives
4:36
Example
5:03
Process of Elimination
5:24
Example
6:07
Sentence Completion Tips
7:41
Look for Clue Words
7:48
Look for the Relationship Between the Two Words and the Sequence of the Blanks
8:44
Never Eliminate a Choice Unless You Are Sure of Its Meaning
10:38
If You Can Only Eliminate One Answer Choice, Move On and Come Back To It Later
11:42
If You Can Eliminate Two Choices, Feel Free to Guess
11:54
Passage-Based Question Types

17m 46s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
What Are Passage Based Questions?
0:55
Questions Related to Long, Short, or Paired Passages
0:58
May Ask You for Info Directly Related in the Passage or to Draw Conclusions or Make Predictions
1:12
Passage Types
1:32
Question Types
2:35
Literal Comprehension
2:38
Vocabulary-In-Context
2:50
Extended Reasoning
3:09
Literal Comprehension
3:24
Rely On Your Memory or Look Back at Passage
3:28
Watch Out for 'Reversal Words'
3:51
Example
3:57
Vocabulary In Context
4:52
Most of These Words Have Multiple meanings
5:00
Reread the Sentences to Which the Questions Refer
5:06
Example
5:20
Extended Reasoning
6:07
May Ask You to Determine the Main Idea or Author's Primary Purpose
6:11
Draw Conclusions Based on the Info Provided
6:43
Identify the Author's Tone or Attitude
7:18
Passage-Based Strategies
7:38
Take Notes
7:44
Read What's There… and What Isn't
8:34
Ask Questions
9:39
Read the Questions First
10:39
Key Words and Phrases
11:24
When You See: According to the Author
11:30
When You See: Best
11:42
When You See: Chiefly
12:09
When You See: Except
12:31
When You See: The Author Implies
12:54
When You See: Least
13:21
When You See: Mainly
13:33
When You See: Most
13:38
When You See: Only
13:47
When You See: Primarily
14:03
Passage-Based Tips
14:08
All the Answers Will Be In or Implied By the Passage
14:12
Watch Out for Descriptive Words and Phrases
14:29
Make Sure the Passage Supports Whichever Answer You Choose
15:40
Use Process of Elimination
15:45
If You Must Jump Around, Do So Within a Set of Questions
16:40
What to Read For the SAT

37m 42s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Why Read?
0:57
Best Way to Build You Vocabulary
1:01
Practice Understanding What the Authors Are Saying 'Between the Lines'
1:12
How to Choose Books
2:42
Choose Books in Areas That Interest You
2:55
Choose Books That Challenge You
3:10
The Rule of Three
4:27
If a Work Is Short, Give It Three Pages to Pique Your Interest
4:57
If a Work Is Long, Give it Three Chapters to Pique Your Interest
5:09
Great Books for Every Interest
5:32
Ask Yourself What Are Your Favorite Things to Watch & Do?
5:51
Asking a Librarian for Great Books
6:24
Mystery
6:49
Adventure
10:14
Fantasy
12:55
Science Fiction
17:13
Humor
21:10
Romance
23:09
Realistic Fiction
24:12
A Great Place to Start
25:12
Nation - Terry Pratchett
25:21
If You Can't / Won't Read
27:19
Listen to Audio books
27:31
Watch Live Performances
27:53
Shakespeare Performed BY People Who Love Shakespeare
28:48
The Dirty Secret of Reading
29:31
Comic Books!
29:38
The Unwritten - Mike Carey
33:59
III. Sample Tests
Answer Guide: Section 3 (Critical Reading)

16m 11s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:13
Sentence Completions
1:04
Question 1
1:06
Question 2
1:55
Question 3
2:17
Question 4
3:05
Question 5
3:40
Passage-Based Questions
4:12
Question 6
4:13
Question 7
5:03
Question 8
5:54
Question 9
6:26
Question 10
6:49
Question 11
7:26
Question 12
7:47
Question 13
8:34
Question 14
9:05
Question 15
9:43
Question 16
10:26
Question 17
11:17
Question 18
12:08
Question 19
12:36
Question 20
13:21
Question 21
13:54
Question 22
14:21
Question 23
14:43
Question 24
15:16
Answer Guide: Section 7 (Critical Reading)

14m 43s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:10
Sentence Completions
0:54
Question 1
0:55
Question 2
1:45
Question 3
2:01
Question 4
2:33
Question 5
3:11
Passage-Based Questions
3:37
Question 6
3:38
Question 7
3:55
Question 8
4:27
Question 9
4:58
Question 10
5:33
Question 11
6:09
Question 12
6:30
Question 13
6:59
Question 14
7:38
Question 15
8:25
Question 16
8:52
Question 17
9:31
Question 18
9:59
Question 19
10:30
Question 20
11:01
Question 21
11:46
Question 22
12:21
Question 23
13:09
Question 24
13:47
Answer Guide: Section 9 (Critical Reading)

10m 45s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Completions
0:57
Question 1
0:58
Question 2
1:35
Question 3
2:07
Question 4
2:56
Question 5
3:08
Question 6
3:31
Passage-Based Questions
3:46
Question 7
3:47
Question 8
4:34
Question 9
5:07
Question 10
5:33
Question 11
5:50
Question 12
6:23
Question 13
6:50
Question 14
7:11
Question 15
7:42
Question 16
8:28
Question 17
8:54
Question 18
9:17
Question 19
9:50
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Answer Guide: Section 7 (Critical Reading)

  • The test is available here: https://satonlinecourse.collegeboard.org
  • Sentence Completions
    • Question 1: Which word pair means “hard / beat-up”?
      • Eliminate A and B; those first words don’t mean anything like “hard” or “difficult.”
      • Eliminate C and E; those second words don’t mean anything like “beat-up” or “in poor condition”.
      • D is promising; “strenuous” means “difficult” or “requiring exertion”, while “debilitated” means “injured” or “in poor shape”.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 2:Which word means “honored” or “given an award”?
      • Hey, look! Choice C is actually “honored”!
      • Answer: C
    • Question 3:Which word pair means “photographed / traveled”?
      • Eliminate D; the photographer’s work has nothing to do with domestication.
      • Eliminate B, C, and E; those second words don’t mean anything like “traveled”.
      • A meets both criteria.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 4:Which word pair means “icon”?
      • Eliminate A; there’s no mention of Grandma Moses’ originality.
      • B looks promising; “emblem” means “symbol.”
      • Eliminate C; a person cannot be a successor to a country.
      • Eliminate D and E; they’re both negative terms that are unlikely to be applied to a beloved painter.
      • Answer: B
    • Question 5:Which pair means “helpful/harmful”?
      • Eliminate Choices A, B, and D; none of those first words means “helpful”.
      • Eliminate E; “miraculous” does not mean “harmful”.
      • Answer: C
  • Passage-Based Questions
    • Question 6:Which word means “underdeveloped and lacking in sophistication”?
      • A good word here would be something like “simple”.
      • Hey, look! Choice C is “simplistic”!
      • Answer: C
    • Question 7:Which word pair means “talent/understanding”?
      • Eliminate A, C, and D; those first words don’t mean anything like “talent”.
      • While “penchant” means “habit” and “bent” means “inclination” (both good words), “evading” in Choice B means “avoiding”, and a good logician does not avoid complicated arguments.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 8:Which word means “large”?
      • “Voracious” means “hungry”; “disposable” means “able to be thrown away”; “redundant” means “pointless or surplus to requirements”; “superficial means “no more than surface deep”.
      • “Prodigious” means “very large or productive”.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 9:What do the words “seized” and “shook” accomplish?
      • What seizes and shakes things? A dog with a chew toy, perhaps.
      • Choice D, “intensity” describes the behavior of a dog with a chew toy.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 10:What does the public response suggest about Mencken’s writing?
      • If everyone read it, quoted it, and debated it, his writing must have been worthy of both reading and debate.
      • Choice A, “authoritative” goes well with reading, but not debate.
      • Choice B, “controversial” describes something that is hotly debated.
      • Choices C through E are off-topic.
      • Answer: B
    • Question 11:What is the purpose of the reference to beetles in lines 5-6?
      • The passage as a whole is about the importance of understanding an opponent’s point of view. The beetle analogy is an example of how not to do this.
      • Only Choice D is consistent with the main idea of the passage.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 12:What is the primary purpose of the passage?
      • Only Choices B and C have to do with the main idea we identified on Question 11.
      • B is the more specific and limited answer of the two; C requires the reader to infer, as there’s no direct appeal to understand others better.
      • Answer: B
    • Question 13:What do both authors believe about King’s “I Have A Dream” speech?
      • Both passages devote a lot of space to the speech and to people’s reactions to it. Most of those reactions are positive, and the speech is considered to have made a deep impression on all who read or hear it.
      • C expresses this thought with the phrase “profound impact”.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 14:How would Julian Bond’s portrait of the “complete Martin Luther King” look?
      • Bond lists many roles for King that go beyond the famous speech: antiwar activist, challenger of apartheid, etc.
      • Eliminate A; there is little mention of King’s influence outside the U.S.
      • Eliminate B and C; there is little mention of logical errors or of any of King’s contemporaries.
      • D is promising, as it mentions King’s later concerns.
      • Eliminate E; King’s private life is barely mentioned.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 15:How would the author of Passage 2 react to lines 7-11 of Passage 1?
      • Those lines express an idea mentioned in both passages.
      • Only Choice E, “complete agreement”, mentions any kind of real agreement at all.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 16:What does the word “suffered” mean in context?
      • Because it is a speech doing the “suffering”, not a human being, most of the meanings of the word having to do with human feelings can be eliminated..
      • Eliminate B, D, and E; these are all things that humans do and inanimate objects cannot do.
      • Eliminate C; it’s off-topic.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 17:What is the purpose of lines 31-34?
      • The lines in question are a list of things that don’t happen anymore, in part because of and in reaction to King’s work.
      • Only Choice D suggests what this list does–give a series of examples to support the author’s point.
      • All of the other choices are off-topic.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 18:Why does the author mention the “sermon” in line 35?
      • The “sermon” is called “Ingratitude,” which King calls a particularly great sin. It comes in the middle of a discussion of how people should, and do, show gratitude for King’s work.
      • Choice E, which mentions an “obligation” to King, is very close to the idea of gratitude. No other answer is remotely close to this idea.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 19:How would the author of Passage 2 characterize the description of Martin Luther King Day in Passage 1?
      • The author of Passage 2 focuses on how King’s legacy has been oversimplified, with the complex or troubling parts glossed over.
      • Choice D, “simplistic” is a good term for how this author would view a typical MLK Day celebration.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 20:What transition occurs in lines 57-58?
      • The passage begins by describing King’s ideas; after this transition, the passage talks about how people understand and apply those ideas (or, rather, how they fail to do so).
      • A is consistent with this notion.
      • Eliminate B; the author never challenges King’s beliefs.
      • Eliminate C; there is little mention of King’s intellectual predecessors.
      • Eliminate D; King’s weaknesses are never enumerated.
      • Eliminate E; no one is attacked.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 21:What is the effect of lines 76-79?
      • Eliminate A; neither author denies King’s importance.
      • Eliminate C; the author of Passage 2 doesn’t challenge the author of Passage 1 all that much.
      • Eliminate D; nothing in here is funny.
      • Eliminate E; the author of Passage 1 does not embrace this perspective.
      • Answer: B
    • Question 22:What does the author of Passage 1 do that the author of Passage 2 doesn’t?
      • The only difference that stands out is that the author of Passage 1 cites Julian Bond’s criticism of the treatment of the speech–and disagrees with it.
      • Only Choice A reflects this.
      • Eliminate B through D; these choices are approaches that both passages take.
      • Eliminate E; neither passage assumes the reader is unfamiliar with King’s ideas.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 23:Why would the author of Passage 2 say we commemorate “Martin Luther King the dreamer”?
      • Look at lines 76-82. The author states that the “dreamer” is easier to accept than more controversial sides of King. That means the “dreamer” portrayal is seen as gentler and less offensive.
      • Only Choice C, “reassuring”, describes a gentle and inoffensive option.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 24:What is the relationship between the two passages?
      • Eliminate A; Passage 1 doesn’t really express political goals.
      • Eliminate C and D; Passage 2 neither romanticizes anybody nor focuses on the history of Martin Luther King Day.
      • Eliminate E; Passage 1 does not denounce King.
      • Answer: B
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Answer Guide: Section 7 (Critical Reading)

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:10
  • Sentence Completions 0:54
    • Question 1
    • Question 2
    • Question 3
    • Question 4
    • Question 5
  • Passage-Based Questions 3:37
    • Question 6
    • Question 7
    • Question 8
    • Question 9
    • Question 10
    • Question 11
    • Question 12
    • Question 13
    • Question 14
    • Question 15
    • Question 16
    • Question 17
    • Question 18
    • Question 19
    • Question 20
    • Question 21
    • Question 22
    • Question 23
    • Question 24
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