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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Intro to Psychology
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Forms of Learning: Operant Conditioning

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  • Intro 0:00
  • Forms of Learning 0:03
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Operant Conditioning
    • Observational Learning
  • Operant Conditioning 2:26
    • Actions or Behaviors Lead to Consequences
    • Examples
    • E.L. Thorndike: Law of Effect
    • B.F. Skinner: Skinner Box
    • Shaping is a Method of Rewarding Small Steps Toward a Larger Goal
    • Example
  • Positive Reinforcement 7:45
    • Reinforcement
    • Defining Positive Reinforcement
  • Negative Reinforcement 10:45
    • Defining Negative Reinforcement
    • Examples
  • Reinforcers 14:12
    • Defining Reinforcer
    • Primary Reinforcer
    • Secondary Reinforcer
  • Punishment 17:03
    • Defining Punishment
    • Examples
  • Punishment 20:04
    • Punishment Teaches What Not To Do
    • Negative Side Effects
  • Intermittent Schedules of Reinforcement 23:17
    • Continuous Reinforcement is Reinforcement Given After Every Correct Response
    • Reinforcing Less Frequently Can Lead to Stronger Behaviors That Don't Extinguish as Quickly
    • Fixed-Ratio
    • Variable-Ratio
    • Fixed-Interval
    • Variable-Interval
  • Latent Learning 30:34
    • Cognitive Processes Play a Role in Operant Conditioning
    • Biological Constraints Predispose Organisms to Learn Associations That are Naturally Adaptive