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Michael Brown

Michael Brown

Light & Color

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
Introduction to Photoshop Elements

19m 3s

Intro
0:00
Course Overview
0:10
What You Will Learn
0:11
Key to Learning Photoshop Elements
1:29
Photoshop Elements or Photoshop?
2:23
Elements Can Do Almost Anything that Photoshop can for Enhancing or Retouching Images
2:24
Photoshop Elements Has Several Features that Photoshop Does Not Have
3:54
Elements is Very User Friendly in It's Layout
4:49
Elements 11 Has Also Incorporated Some Great New Features from Photoshop CS6
5:18
Bottom Line
5:43
Three Separate Programs in One Package
6:12
Organizer
6:13
Camera RAW
6:55
Editor
7:45
Four Simple Categories for Working on an Image
8:01
Corrections
8:02
Selections
8:30
Retouching
9:23
Manipulation
9:42
Demonstration : Using Elements to Work on an Image
10:03
Editing in Camera RAW
10:04
Removing Parts of an Image
11:55
Selection Mask & Adjusting Color
14:06
Adjusting Overall Saturation
17:02
Important Axiom
18:08
The Importance of Quality

19m 6s

Intro
0:00
The Mantra of Quality
1:02
'Garbage In, Garbage Out'
1:03
Setting Up Your Camera
1:50
Camera Settings: JPEG vs. RAW
1:51
Setting Your Camera for RAW Files
5:10
Some Tips on Taking Quality Photos
8:23
Fill the Frame
8:31
Check Your Focus
11:23
Camera Shake
12:39
Exposure
14:05
Shoot Several Shots of a Scene
15:48
Shoot Multiple Angles and Different Focal Lengths
16:51
Lesson Summary
18:40
Light & Color

13m 11s

Intro
0:00
Lesson in Light & Color, Part 1
0:46
What is Light?
0:47
Brightness & Color
1:24
Example of Exposure & Color
2:47
Lesson in Light & Color, Part 2
4:30
Transmitted & Reflected Light
4:31
Why is This Important in Photoshop?
6:27
Color Spaces
7:18
Visible
7:19
Prophoto
7:36
Adobe RGB & sRGB
8:22
CMYK
9:37
To Make This Simple
10:32
Setting Color Spaces
11:28
Setting Color Spaces
11:29
Lesson Summary
12:42
White Balance & Monitor Calibration

17m 21s

Intro
0:00
White Balance
1:45
What is White Balance
1:46
Examples: Lighting Situations
3:03
How Does White Balance Apply in Photoshop Elements?
8:00
Monitor Calibration
8:42
Monitor Calibration Overview
8:43
Calibrating Your Monitor for PC & MAC
11:22
Calibrating to a Printer
14:24
II. Workspace
Overview & Tour

14m 59s

Intro
0:00
Principal Objective of This Course
0:24
Practical Working Knowledge
0:25
Main Work Areas Overview
1:31
The Welcome Screen
1:32
The Organizer Workspace
2:14
The Editor Workspace
2:55
Demonstrations: The Welcome Screen
3:40
The Editor Workspace
5:21
Toolbox
5:22
Tool Options
6:09
Open Recently Edited Items
6:48
Quick, Guided, and Expert Mode
7:12
Create Button
8:37
Panels & Adjustments
8:46
Photo Bin
9:14
The Organizer Workspace
10:00
Importing Images
10:33
Folders & Albums
10:50
Bottom Tools
11:47
Tags and Information
12:18
Create & Share
13:00
Ratings
13:14
Media, People, Places, and Events
13:19
Organizer, Part1: Import & Sort

25m 43s

Intro
0:00
The Organizer Overview
0:17
Objective
0:56
What We Want to Do
1:04
Getting Organized
2:06
Primary Features
3:34
Drop Down Menus & Media Window
3:35
Star Ratings
6:07
Folders, Information Panels, and Albums
6:35
Create & Share Menu
10:20
Bringing Your Images Into Organizer
10:56
Photo Downloader
10:57
Get Images From Existing Files or Folders
18:11
Searching for Missing Items
19:40
Organizing Your Images
20:25
Folders & Albums
20:26
Organizer, Part 2: Sorting, Rating & Refining Images

22m 12s

Intro
0:00
Sorting, Rating & Refining Images
0:07
Albums & Folders Review
0:08
2 More Ways to Add Images to an Album
3:00
Deleting Images
7:56
Sorting and Refining Your Images
10:47
Adding & Changing Star Ratings
11:41
Full Screen View
14:22
Two Up View Comparison & Filtering Images
15:35
Organizer, Part 3: Keywords, People & Places

12m 43s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Sorting Methods
3:53
Sorting by Keywords
3:54
Sorting by People
7:28
Sorting by Places
9:35
The Photo Editor Workspace

29m 5s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Quick Edit, Guided Edit, and Expert
1:09
Photoshop Elements 10 Workspace vs. 11 Workspace
1:53
Setting Preferences
3:00
Color Picker & Step Back/Fwd
3:01
General Options
4:45
Allow Floating Documents in Expert Mode
5:49
Saving Files
8:02
Performance
9:14
Display & Cursors
10:45
Transparency, Units & Rulers, Guides & Grid
12:12
The New Interface Overview
14:02
The New Interface
14:03
The Menu Bar
15:41
The Options Bar
15:42
The Tool Bar
16:44
The Task Bar
17:28
The Photo Bin & Tool Options Bin
18:27
The Panel Bin
20:46
The Document Window
22:21
Options for Arranging Documents
24:35
The Tool Bar & Important Tool Shortcuts

15m 37s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Photoshop Elements 10 vs. Photoshop Elements 11
0:54
The Tool Bar
3:13
Primary Photoshop Elements Tools - Defined
3:14
Photoshop Elements 11 Tools and One Key Shortcuts
3:32
Important Tools and Their Shortcuts
5:09
Zoom Tool
5:28
Hand Tool
7:41
Move Tool
9:33
Selection Tools
11:00
Spot Healing Brush Tool & Rubber Stamp Tool
11:55
Sponge Tool
12:38
Brush Tool & Eraser Tool
12:54
Gradient Tool
13:11
Text Tool
13:15
Crop Tool
13:24
Brushes Shortcuts
14:24
Lesson Summary
14:56
The Menu Bar & Options Bar

18m 57s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
The Menu Bar
1:46
File Menu
2:08
Edit Menu
3:54
Image Menu
6:27
Enhance Menu
8:00
Layer Menu
8:45
Select Menu
8:56
Filter Menu
9:08
View Menu
9:18
Window Menu
11:09
Help Menu
11:56
Summary
12:11
The Options Bar
12:44
Open
12:45
Quick, Guided, and Expert Overview
13:34
Quick Edit
14:05
Guided Edit
16:03
Expert Mode and Create Buttons
18:02
The Task Bar, Photo Bin, & Panel Bin

17m 7s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
The Task Bar
1:46
The Task Bar Overview
1:47
Photo Bin
2:26
Tools Option
4:14
Undo & Redo
5:50
Rotate
6:12
Layout
6:45
Panels
7:40
Layer
8:13
Effects
8:40
Graphics
11:38
Favorites
12:35
More
13:17
Customize Panels
13:48
Lesson Summary
16:42
III. Camera RAW
Camera RAW, Part 1

10m

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
What is RAW and What is JPEG Files?
1:22
JPEG Files
2:03
RAW Files
4:10
JPEG vs. RAW
5:11
Camera RAW
6:30
What is Camera RAW?
6:31
Why Use Camera RAW?
8:13
Camera RAW, Part 2

21m

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Camera RAW: Tools
1:39
Tool Bar and Tools in Camera RAW
2:14
Camera RAW: Panels
5:15
Camera Calibration Panel
5:53
Basic Panel
7:02
Detail Panel: Sharpening & Noise Reduction
12:53
Saving Image
16:13
Opening JPEG's or TIFF in Camera RAW
18:26
Opening JPEG's or TIFF in Camera RAW
18:27
IV. Elements Basics
Image Size, Canvas Size, & Resolution

23m 59s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Image Size & Resolution
0:58
Megapixels
0:59
File Size
1:23
Resolution
1:42
Image Size
1:55
Changing Document Size Only, Maintaining Proportions
2:21
Re-Sampling
8:09
Re-Sampling to Maintain Proportions
8:10
Re-Sampling to Distort Image
13:46
Canvas Size
16:16
Canvas Size
16:17
Sizing for Print & Web
21:52
Sizing for Print & Web
21:53
File Formats

10m 57s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
The Primary File Formats in Photoshop Elements
0:44
PSD
0:55
JPEG
2:00
PNG
3:50
Formats for Saving
5:02
GIF
6:01
PDF
6:43
TIFF
7:43
Photo Project Format
8:42
Lesson Summary
10:12
Saving Your Images

18m 29s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Save & Save As
0:38
Save & Save As
0:39
Save for Web
8:21
Preset: JPEG
10:25
Preset: GIF 32
11:44
Preset: PNG 24
12:28
Save for Web: JPEG Settings
13:04
Lesson Summary
17:30
Value of Using Shortcuts

11m 56s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Basic Categories in Photoshop Elements
1:11
Basic Categories in Photoshop Elements
1:12
Important Tools and Their Shortcuts
3:32
Key Shortcuts
4:08
Single Key Shortcuts
4:09
Two Keys Shortcuts
4:34
Using Shortcuts Demonstration
6:13
Using Shortcuts Demonstration
6:14
Lesson Summary
10:58
Image Sharpening

18m 17s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
What is Sharpening?
0:30
What is Sharpening?
0:31
Auto Sharpen
0:46
When and How Much to Sharpen?
2:58
Noise Reduction Before Sharpening
3:27
Sharpen Your Image When You First Open It
5:03
Do Not Oversharpen
6:16
Sharpening Methods
8:31
Adjust Sharpen
8:55
Unsharp Mask
11:35
High Pass Filter
13:25
Methods Summary
17:06
Image Enhancement: Quick Edit & Guided Edit Mode

11m 27s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Image Enhancement with Quick Edit Mode
0:24
Quick Edit Mode Overview
0:28
Sharpen
1:43
Exposure
2:11
Color
3:09
Demonstration 2: Flower
3:36
Image Enhancement with Guided Edit Mode
5:18
Sharpen
5:55
Levels
6:10
Enhance Colors
6:49
Recompose
7:25
8:51
Create Pop Art
9:40
Crop, Straighten, Correct Perspective & Distortion

18m 21s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Correct Camera Distortion
3:13
Distortion
3:14
Vignette
4:08
Perspective Control
5:03
Edge Extension
6:00
Correct Perspective
6:25
Perspective Transform
6:26
Distort Transform
7:45
Cropping
9:21
Cropping
9:22
Straightening
12:03
Straightening
12:04
Recompose
14:45
Recompose
14:46
Brushes

23m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Basic Brushes
1:23
Size & Opacity
1:24
Brush Shapes
4:33
Brush Settings
5:20
Hardness
5:21
Spacing
5:57
Angle
7:39
Scatter
9:03
Fade
10:23
Creating a Custom Brush
11:46
Creating a Custom Brush Demonstration 1
11:47
Creating a Custom Brush Demonstration 2
13:17
Creating Pattern Brush
14:20
Impressionistic Brush
16:57
Impressionistic Brush
16:58
Color Replacement Brush
19:03
Color Replacement Brush
19:04
Gradients & the Paint Bucket Tools

31m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
The Paint Bucket Tool
0:46
Color & Pattern
0:47
Opacity, Tolerance, & Blend Mode
1:09
Paint Bucket Demonstration 1: Filling a Layer
1:27
Paint Bucket Demonstration 2: Creating a Sepia Tone
2:20
Paint Bucket Demonstration 3: Changing Color Using Blend Mode, Opacity, 7 Tolerance
4:15
Paint Bucket Demonstration 4: Adding Pattern to an Image
6:44
The Gradient Tool
8:53
The Gradient Tool
8:54
The Gradient Editor
12:50
The Gradient Editor Overview
12:51
Solid Gradient vs. Noise Gradient
14:20
Color Midpoint
16:37
Creating a Gradient
21:19
Gradient Map Feature
23:57
Gradient Map Feature
23:58
Using Gradients for Layer Masks
28:21
Using Gradients for Layer Masks
28:22
Exposure & Color Corrections, Part 1

27m 54s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Mantra for Exposure & Color
0:49
Mantra for Exposure & Color
1:06
Auto Exposure/Color Controls
2:19
Auto Exposure/Color Controls: Demonstration 1
2:20
Auto Exposure/Color Controls: Demonstration 2
6:48
Manual Exposure Controls
9:12
Adjust Lighting: Brightness/Contrast
9:13
Adjust Lighting: Shadows/Highlights
11:40
Adjust Lighting: Levels
14:23
Manual Color Controls
19:25
Adjust Color: Hue/Saturation
19:26
Correcting in Quick & Guided
23:58
Exposure & Color Corrections in Quick
23:59
Exposure & Color Corrections in Guided
26:54
Lesson Summary
27:30
Exposure & Color Corrections, Part 2

22m 26s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Comparing Camera RAW Results with Editor's Manual Exposure and Color
1:01
Comparing Camera RAW Results with Editor's Manual Exposure and Color
1:02
Removing a Color Cast
4:45
Removing a Color Cast
4:46
Color Variations
7:24
Correcting Skin Tones
10:49
Correcting Skin Tones
10:50
Converting to Black & White
13:59
Converting to Black & White
14:00
Creating a Sepia Tone Image
18:14
Creating a Sepia Tone Image
18:15
V. Selections & Layers
Introduction to Selections

24m 47s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Creating Selections
1:04
Creating Selections Overview
1:05
Principal Selection Tools & Options
4:40
Marquee Tools & Feather
4:41
Lasso Tools
5:34
Quick Selection, Magic Wand, and Selection Brush
6:30
Layer Masks
8:09
Basic Selection Shortcuts
9:02
Tools Shortcut
9:03
Add & Subtract Selection
9:51
Hide Selection
10:08
Deselect & Select All
11:02
Selection Demonstration 1: Landscape
11:33
Selection Demonstration 2: Commercial Composite
18:49
Selection Demonstration 3: Portrait
21:46
Basic Selections

23m 28s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Basic Selection Tools
1:05
Marquee Tool
1:06
Lasso Tool
6:20
Polygonal Lasso Tool
7:56
Magnetic Lasso Tool
9:57
More on Lasso Tools
11:01
Demonstration 1: Quick Selection & Magic Wand Tool
12:58
Quick Selection Tool
12:59
Magic Wand Tool & Tolerance
15:02
Quick Selection Tool, cont.
16:29
Demonstration 2: Quick Selection & Magic Wand Tool
17:40
Quick Selection Tool
17:41
Magic Wand Tool & Tolerance
19:08
Adding & Subtracting with the Lasso Tool
20:23
Adding & Subtracting with the Lasso Tool
20:24
Lesson Summary
21:54
Making Efficient & Flawless Selections

26m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Feather
1:06
What is Feather?
1:07
Feather Demonstration
1:55
Selection & Feather Demonstration
7:18
Making Selection & Applying Feather: Water
7:19
Making Selection & Applying Feather: Shoreline
15:26
Selection Brush Tool

18m 33s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Selections & Masks
1:03
Selections & Masks
1:04
Selection Brush Demonstration 1: Landscape
4:36
Color Adjustment
4:37
Painting a Selection with the Selection Brush
6:24
Selection Brush Demonstration 2: Portrait
14:27
Using Selection Brush to View & Correct a Selection
14:28
Lesson Summary
17:44
Refine Edge, Part 1

16m 28s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Refine Edge Demonstration 1
1:35
Part 1: Making & Saving a Selection
1:36
Part 2: Refine Edge Dialogue Box
6:51
Part 3: Refine Edge View Mode
8:42
Part 4: Edge Detection & Smart Radius
10:10
Part 4: Compositing a New Sky
14:33
Lesson Summary
15:42
Refine Edge, Part 2

20m 4s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Selecting Hair & Correcting Clean Edge Problems
1:58
Selecting Hair
1:59
Smoothing, Contrast, Expand & Contract
5:39
Correcting Clean Edge Problems with Edge Detection
7:03
Shift Edge Demonstration
15:07
Making the Selection
15:08
Shift Edge
17:07
Lesson Summary
19:16
Layers & Adjustment Layers

20m 57s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Layer Basics
0:40
Layer Basics, Part 1
0:41
Layer Basics, Part 2
8:51
Layer Panel
9:48
New Layer
9:49
Adjustment Layer
10:17
Add Layer Mask
10:56
Layers Lock
11:14
Blend Mode
11:40
Opacity
11:51
Adjustment Layers
12:58
Adjustment Layers Overview
12:59
Example: Using Adjustment Layers
15:20
Layer Masks

25m 26s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Layer Mask Overview
1:04
What is a Layer Mask?
1:05
Why Use Layer Mask?
6:34
Create & Modify Layer Mask Example
6:49
Sharpen the Image
7:22
Assessing the Image
9:47
Selection of the Sky & Ocean
10:50
Cove: Selection & Color Adjustment
13:16
Ocean: Selection & Color Adjustment
16:46
Sky: Selection & Color Adjustment
19:23
Land: Selection & Color Adjustment
22:40
Lesson Summary
24:00
VI. Retouching
Basic Retouching: Tools & Techniques

27m 18s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Retouching Tools & How to Use Them: Part 1
0:43
Making a selection of the Sky
0:44
Applying the Gradient Tool to the Sky
4:38
Making a Selection of the Window
3:40
Applying the Gradient Tool to the Window
8:05
Retouching Tools & How to Use Them: Part 2
10:13
Color Variations
10:14
Adjust Color for Skin Tones
10:40
Spot Healing Brush Tool
12:08
Healing Brush Tool
14:33
Clone Stamp Tool, Part 1
15:53
Clone Stamp Tool, Part 2
21:58
Retouching Tools & How to Use Them: Part 3
25:03
Pattern Stamp Tool
25:04
Retouching People, Part 1

31m 42s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Basic Techniques for Retouching Skin
1:22
Image Overview
1:23
Retouching Spots on the Skin
5:48
Retouching Wrinkle Around the Eyes
9:10
Retouching the Smile Line
18:02
Retouching the Neck
20:55
Basic Techniques for Retouching Eyes
25:04
Basic Techniques for Retouching Eyes
25:05
Retouching People, Part 2

12m 49s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Retouching People Using the Liquify Filter
1:27
Retouching the Cheek
1:28
Retouching the Eyes
6:47
Retouching the Body
9:31
Retouching People, Part 3

24m 47s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
More Techniques for Retouching Skin
1:16
Retouching Teeth & Lips
1:17
Retouching Skin Texture
7:34
Adjusting Levels for the Neck Area
16:36
Non-destructive Body Contouring
18:56
Non-destructive Body Contouring 1
18:57
Non-destructive Body Contouring 2
22:01
Lesson Summary
23:02
VII. Photo Composites
Creating Photo Composites

22m 42s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:05
Selecting the Composite Pieces
1:11
Selecting the Composite Pieces Overview
1:12
Size & Lighting
3:20
Perspective & Color Match
7:22
Creating the Composite
9:23
Creating a Flawless Element Edge
9:24
Moving Layer From One File to Another
17:31
Moving the Rose Behind the Petals
18:31
Changing the Color of the Rose
20:24
Lesson Summary
22:03
VIII. Text
Creating Type

22m 42s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Creating Type: Part 1
0:39
Type Tool Overview
0:52
Inserting, Deleting, & Moving Texts
4:02
Font Families
5:06
Font Styles
6:03
Font Size
7:05
Leading
7:32
Font Color
9:17
Alignment
9:23
Faux Bold, Faux Italic, Faux Underline, & Faux Strikethrough
10:53
Creating Type: Part 2
12:08
Orientation and Warping
12:09
Clipping Type to a Photo, Texture, & Pattern
14:19
Adding a Layer Style(s) to Text
18:02
IX. Filters & Effects
Filters & Effects

24m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
The Filter Gallery
0:38
Filters Overview
0:39
Mosaic Tiles
1:17
Texturize
1:40
Craquelure
2:48
Bas Relief
3:34
Applying Blend Mode with Filter 1
4:16
Photocopy
5:19
Applying Blend Mode with Filter 2
5:44
Glass
7:20
Blend Modes
9:00
Blend Modes Overview
9:53
Effects
12:41
Vintage Photo
13:49
Monotone Color
14:44
Old Photo
15:28
Misc. Effects
17:48
Faded Photo
19:33
Lesson Summary
21:56
Photo Effects with Guided Edit
22:34
X. Cool Features
Creating Black & White Photo and Using the Colorize Option

21m 16s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Creating Black & White Photo
1:50
Grayscale Mode
1:51
Desaturate with Hue/Saturation
3:51
Converting to Black & White: Example 1
4:41
Converting to Black & White: Example 2
8:25
Colorizing an Image
14:01
Colorizing an Image
14:02
Adding a Vignette
14:59
Adding a Border
19:22
Creating a 3D Photo Frame

23m 26s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Creating a 3D Photo Frame
1:14
Part 1: Creating the Matte Board
1:15
Part 2: Adding Shadow
6:31
Part 3: Adding Texture to the Frame
10:50
Part 4: Adding a Frame
14:12
Part 5: Adding a Signature
17:50
Lesson Summary
22:35
Creating a Photo Book, Part 1

12m 24s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
Preparing Your Photographic Images
2:00
Creating a New Album & Arranging the Images
2:01
Photobook Basic Layout Option
6:25
Photobook Basic Layout Option
6:26
The Photobook Workspace
9:12
The Photobook Workspace
9:13
Creating a Photo Book, Part 2

17m 24s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:08
Adding, Adjusting, & Modifying Images
1:06
Adding, Adjusting, & Modifying Images
1:07
Editing Types
6:55
Replacing an Image
7:55
Customizing the Photobook Appearance
8:50
Modifying Page Layouts
8:51
Adding Frames & Graphics
3:13
Saving & Printing Your Photobook
15:47
Saving & Printing Your Photobook
15:48
Lesson Summary
16:32
Creating a Photo Calendar

23m 26s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Preparing Your Images for Photo Calendar
1:23
Organizing Your Images
1:24
Calendar Layout Options
4:20
The Calendar Workspace
5:23
Adjusting & Modifying Images
5:24
Customizing the Photo Calendar Appearance
14:41
Lesson Summary
19:41
The Photomerge Feature

25m 54s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:06
Shooting Images for a Panorama
2:06
Hold the Camera Steady
2:07
Overlap Your Images
3:23
Use the Same Exposure for Each Image
4:54
Apply Exact Same corrections to Every Image
5:24
Incorrect way to Shoot Images for a Panorama
6:03
Correct Way to Shoot Images for a Panorama
7:22
Photomerge: Panoramas
8:18
Panoramas Layout
8:19
Cylinder& Perspective
12:32
Spherical & Collage
14:34
Photomerge: Group Shot
16:08
Group Shot
16:07
Photomerge: Style Match
20:02
Style Match: Example 1
20:03
Style Match: Example 2
23:57
Lesson Summary
25:09
XI. Course Summary
Lesson Summary

9m 40s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Summary
0:06
Organizer, Camera RAW, & Editor
0:59
Corrections, Selections, Retouching, & Manipulation
2:02
Two Important Axioms
4:20
Demonstration Review
5:26
Personal Philosophy
8:31
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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Adobe Photoshop Elements 11
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Light & Color

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson in Light & Color, Part 1 0:46
    • What is Light?
    • Brightness & Color
    • Example of Exposure & Color
  • Lesson in Light & Color, Part 2 4:30
    • Transmitted & Reflected Light
    • Why is This Important in Photoshop?
  • Color Spaces 7:18
    • Visible
    • Prophoto
    • Adobe RGB & sRGB
    • CMYK
    • To Make This Simple
  • Setting Color Spaces 11:28
    • Setting Color Spaces
  • Lesson Summary 12:42

Transcription: Light & Color

Hi, everybody; Michael Brown here with you; welcome back to Educator.com's Adobe Photoshop Elements Beginning and Intermediate course.0000

In this lesson, we're going to have a discussion about light and color and how they apply to what we're doing in Photoshop Elements.0008

In the last lesson, we talked about quality and how to set your camera up to take the best technical image we possibly can; what is your sensor actually taking an image of, or sensing?0018

Photons of light--not the scene, not the composition--it captures light.0030

The quality level of that light, the intensity of that light, is very important in the chain of best quality from start to finish.0035

Let's get started.0045

What is light? Technically, it is electromagnetic radiation that our eyes can interpret--the little rods and cones in your eyes--it's called vision.0047

The electromagnetic radiation are photons of light from the light source, and in our lives--outdoors, mostly that is the sun; indoors, it's various light sources.0057

We perceive light as a range of two things: brightness and color; that is why I said, in the last lesson, the four categories of Photoshop: corrections, exposure, and color--exposure is brightness; color is the other one.0068

Brightness is the intensity level of the light; more or less, brighter or darker; in the daytime, at noon, it's brighter than it is at sunset.0084

The color is the temperature of the light: higher temperatures are more bluish; lower temperatures are more reddish.0096

In the afternoon, you can see this as the light--the sun--goes toward sunset; it slants through the atmosphere more; there are more particles in the atmosphere; the photons bounce around, and you begin to get a more reddish tone.0103

You are also getting less light, because it's getting closer to the horizon.0119

So, the color changes of the light: noontime--it's very crisp; late afternoon--it's very warm.0123

A match or a candle is kind of an orange-yellow; lower color temperature; it can't melt metal, but it can sure boil water.0131

A welder's torch: very hot, very blue--melts metal; there is the difference in color temperatures.0141

A mantra for exposure and color: Exposure affects color; color does not affect exposure.0150

You want to make exposure changes first, get your exposure right, then adjust your color; if you do it the other way around, the exposure will alter the color.0158

Let me give you an example of that.0166

This is an image I took in Colorado, a nice fall scene in the mountains.0170

I'm going to show you how the color is affected by exposure.0175

Notice cyan sky over here, blue sky, nice blue lake, yellow aspen with a tinge of orange, a kind of warm color, and the grass is kind of orange-y.0179

As I increase the exposure, or make it brighter, watch the colors: notice, the colors of the grass are becoming less red; the aspen, also, are becoming less orange, more yellow; the sky is pure cyan over here, and the lake is adding cyan and becoming a lighter color.0192

Go back, and you will see the color difference.0214

The exposure is affecting the color; it will drop down, and the other way--the darker it gets, notice that the aspen is becoming very orange now; the grass is almost red; the lake has a purple tone to it; the sky is blue here, and almost blue-purple over on that side--a function of the exposure changes.0217

Now, how does color affect it? As we increase the saturation of color, the colors become much more rich, but you notice the exposure--even though it's way up there, the exposure doesn't change, just the color.0241

We desaturate; exposure doesn't change.0257

You want to do your exposure corrections first, and your color corrections second.0260

Moving on: we see light in one of two ways: transmitted light--this is light that is actually being projected at us; that is, monitors, television sets, computer screens, smartphones...beams of light are broadcast directly at your eyes.0271

A flame is broadcasting right at you; the lights that are lighting me here in the studio are broadcasting at me, but you are seeing reflected light.0290

In your monitor right now, you're seeing projected light because your monitor is projecting it, but the original light on me is being reflected into the lens.0300

Reflected light is absorbed by ink and paper, and the color you see is the remaining reflected wavelengths.0311

If you're looking at a stop sign, you're not seeing the actual color; you're seeing the reflected light, because the sun's light hits the stop sign, and it absorbs all the colors with the exception of the red that are transmitted back to you.0318

The same with printed paper; you're seeing the light from your light, or the sun, or whatever you're viewing the print under, absorbing everything but the colors that come back.0334

A totally different type of light; the transmitted light from your computer is additive; it's made up of red, green, and blue components; they combine to make the entire spectrum: white is all of the wavelengths; black is no light at all.0345

Turn off your computer; the screen goes black.0360

Reflected light is subtractive, and that is what I was just talking about--in printing, the inks are cyan, magenta, yellow, and black.0364

These combine to create all colors: black is all of the colors on paper; white is no color--here is paper with no printing on it; it's white.0374

Once the ink gets on it, it will reflect the colors.0385

Why is this important in Photoshop Elements? Your photos are graphic output to primary sources: the Web, which works with the red, green, and blue projectors coming out at you, or in various print sources, which work with cyan/magenta/yellow colored ink.0388

It is vital to have your files in the correct color range or color space to ensure you get the best color output.0408

A quick demonstration: look, RGB has pure reds and greens and blues; over in cyan/magenta/yellow/black, there are no pure reds, greens, blues, so the color is going to be a little different for each of those sources, and you have to make sure it's right, working with your monitor.0415

What a range of color is: it's called a color space, a gamut.0437

There are five primary ones: the visible color range that we see with our eyes--and in this chart, that is the one that peeks out in the back--that's the wider one.0442

That is all that we can see--all of the color that our eyes see.0453

ProPhoto is the largest working color space that we can do on a computer.0457

It's used primarily for high-end pro work; it's used in 16-bit color mode; a gazillion colors--colors that you can't even see--as you see the triangle, the big triangle, sticks out--it has blues that you can't even see with your eye, and greens.0462

Why is this good? If you work in a larger color space, and you compress it to a visible color space or a usable color space, just like higher resolution giving you more detail, the more colors have more detail in them, and when you compress it, the final colors will be a little bit better.0476

We can't work in ProPhoto; I just wanted to show you that.0498

The two that we work in: Adobe RGB is available on all cameras, and of course in Photoshop and Photoshop Elements--this is our recommended color space to use most of the time; SRGB is the default color space for jpeg images in your camera, and most cameras, monitors, and for Photoshop and Photoshop Elements.0501

Your cameras come default in SRGB, but you can set them at Adobe RGB, and let me define why.0527

This is the Adobe RGB color space, this middle triangle right here.0537

It falls within the visible spectrum, has less than the ProPhoto, but it has a good range of colors.0542

SRGB, the default for jpeg, the default for cameras, and the default for your monitors, is the smaller triangle.0550

Notice--greens, light blues--a lot less; also, a little bit in the yellow; so, it's a smaller color space, primarily greens and light blues.0556

If you're shooting with a camera, obviously you would want to set it at Adobe RGB to get more color.0570

The other reason is: the final color space is CMYK, which is the color space for printing with ink on paper, and you notice that is the oval.0577

Compared to either Adobe RGB or SRGB, it has much less blues and greens--a little more greens than the SRGB, but really falls in the blues; and, on both of these, Adobe and SRGB, in the reds.0589

So, if you're going to print, you don't want to be setting it up in SRGB, because there are less greens, and obviously, we have less yellow anyway, because cyan/magenta/yellow/black can reproduce yellow.0606

But, you lose a lot if you try to take SRGB and set it up for print.0622

Adobe RGB is the best space for setting up for print.0627

To make this simple, for consistency, and to give yourself plenty of color range, set your cameras to shoot Adobe RGB.0632

Another reason to shoot raw in your camera--because jpeg...you can't get Adobe RGB from it--only SRGB--you want that wider range and better quality.0641

In Elements, you have only two choices for color space: SRGB and RGB; I will show you: convert to profile--you have SRGB or RGB--the only two choices.0652

When optimizing for computer screens, which are SRGB, use SRGB; you're seeing just what you get.0665

When optimizing for print, use RGB, because that's a little bit wider color space than the CMYK, but you also have to be careful, because there is going to be a fall-off in the blues and greens when you print.0673

Now, setting your color spaces: when you first open a file, you can choose which one to assign, right from the beginning with the file, so that you will have the proper color space for your final output.0688

Go to Edit, Color Settings, right here, and up comes this box.0700

No color management leaves the incoming file just the way it is.0707

If you're working, for example, for computer screens, you want SRGB; but if you shoot your image in the camera in Adobe RGB, you can bring it in as SRGB once you bring it in; it's still--the original file--RGB, so you can go back to it if you want, if you're going to be working for print.0712

But, if you're working for the monitor, you can switch it automatically to SRGB.0733

If you're working for printing, use Adobe RGB; it's the larger color space.0738

Then, you have the option of choosing them: in other words, if you check this box when you open a raw file the first time, it will ask you which one you want.0742

When in doubt, use RGB, the larger color space.0751

To change a file from SRGB to RGB, go to Image, Convert profile, and you can do it right there.0755

There you have it: a little talk about light and the value of light, and how we need to make sure that the light is of the highest quality and correct light for either working on monitors or printed outputs.0763

In the next lesson, we will talk about how to calibrate your monitors for proper output and for other web devices.0779

That wraps up this lesson; I'll see you in the next lesson!0787

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