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For more information, please see full course syllabus of SAT Writing
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Lecture Comments (4)

0 answers

Post by Zhengpei Luo on October 3, 2014

what does "amused toleration" mean?

1 answer

Last reply by: MOGIN Daniloff
Tue Nov 25, 2014 4:25 PM

Post by Zhengpei Luo on October 3, 2014

" One of the few marine mammals that makes use of tools are the indian ocean bottlenose dolphin, which uses sea sponges to stir sand on the ocean floor while hunting for prey."
How to fix this?
The answer is one of make use of tools are.
How does that make sense?

0 answers

Post by STEPHANIE YUAN on October 14, 2013

For the example of Parallel Phrases: "More than simply providing needed green space, public parks reduce the urban heat-island effect...", isn't the more than blah blah blah part modifying public parks and thus in this case wrong?

Grammar Errors: Part 3

  • Sentence Fragments
    • A sentence must contain both a subject and a verb. Any answer option that doesn’t give a sentence both a subject and a verb is wrong.
    • Gerunds (-ing verbs that act like nouns) do not count as verbs for this purpose.
  • Commasand Semicolons
    • Independent clauses are clauses that contain a subject and verb, and could be sentences on their own.
    • To join independent clauses, use:
      • A comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
    • Without the coordinating conjunction, the resulting error is called a comma splice.
    • Independent clauses are clauses that contain a subject and verb, and could be sentences on their own.
    • To join independent clauses, use:
      • A semicolon only. A properly used semicolon often indicates a correct answer.
      • A semicolon and a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, moreover, consequently)
      • A comma and a coordinating conjunction
  • PassiveVoice
    • In the active construction, the subject performs the action of the verb.
    • In the passive construction, the subject receives the action of the verb.
    • If it helps, remember that a passive verb is one that makes sense when followed by the phrase “by zombies”.
    • Stick to the active voice whenever possible.
    • Sometimes the passive voice is necessary to correct a more serious error, or for the sentence to make sense.
  • Modifiers
    • Modifiers should be placed as close as possible to the nouns, pronouns, or phrases they modify.
    • A dangling modifier appears when a sentence has an introductory clause (set off by a comma) that describes the subject but does not name it and that comma is not immediately followed by the subject.
    • Misplaced modifiers are modifiers that are placed so as to modify the wrong noun, pronoun, or phrase. They don’t necessarily involve introductory clauses.
  • Parallel Phrases
    • The SAT loves parallel structure! That means that conjunctions or comparisons (especially of two things) must involve elements phrased in parallel ways.
  • The Subjunctive
    • The subjunctive mood is not commonly tested on the SAT, but it’s good to know. It’s used to express needs, requests, suggestions, and hypothetical situations.
    • It’s usually used correctly on the SAT, so if you can spot it, you can ignore it.
    • The major distinction between the subjunctive mood and the indicative mood (the mood used for facts) is the third-person singular (used for he, she, it, etc.). While an –s is added to this form of the verb in the indicative, no –s is added in the subjunctive.
  • For Extra Grammar Help
    • See Erica Meltzer’s The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar
    • Watch our English Grammar course.
    • Essays not written on the essay assignment will receive a score of zero.
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Grammar Errors: Part 3

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:09
  • Sentence Fragments 0:28
    • A Sentence Must Contain Both a Subject and Verb
    • Example
  • Commas and Semicolons 1:25
    • Independent Clauses Are Clauses That Contain a Subject and Verb
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Comma and A Coordinating Conjunction
    • Example
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon Only
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon and a Conjunctive Adverb
    • Example
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Review
  • Passive Voice 4:10
    • Active Construction
    • Passive Construction
    • Example
    • Sometimes the Passive Voice is Necessary to Correct a More Serious Error
    • Examples
  • Modifiers 6:47
    • Dangling Modifier
    • Example
    • Misplaced Modifiers
    • Example
  • Parallel Phrases 9:05
    • Conjunctions or Comparisons Must involve Elements Phrased in Parallel Ways
    • Example
  • The Subjunctive 10:07
    • Used to Express Needs, Requests, Suggestions, ad Hypothetical Situations
    • Major Distinction Between the Subjunctive Mood and Indicative Mood
    • Example
  • For Extra Grammar Help 11:45