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Rebekah Hendershot

Rebekah Hendershot

Grammar Errors: Part 3

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. The Essay
Essay Basics

14m 46s

Introduction
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
What Is An Essay?
0:28
Essayer = To Try, To Attempt
0:31
An Essay is An Attempt to Explain a Thought in Writing
0:44
Why Does the SAT Ask for an Essay?
1:11
Designed to Test Your Readiness for College
1:19
Also Tests Your Ability to Think on Your Feet and Express Your Thoughts Clearly
1:34
What They're Looking For
2:05
Good Writing
2:11
Good Content
2:57
The Prompt
3:35
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
3:37
Sample Prompt
3:58
Essay Scoring
5:22
Two Readers Read Each Essay and Score It on A Scale from 1-6
5:51
Essay Readers Are Encouraged to be Forgiving and to Reward Students for Writing Well
6:16
Essay Readers Are Trained to Ignore Handwriting
6:34
Essay Scoring: 6
6:46
Essay Scoring: 5
7:42
Essay Scoring: 4
8:20
Essay Scoring: 3
9:03
Essay Scoring: 2
10:18
Essay Scoring: 1
11:19
Essay Scoring: 0
12:15
Tips for a Better Essay
12:25
Outline Before You Write
12:39
Use a Variety of Examples
12:56
Use Abstract and Concrete Nouns
13:49
The Essay Prompt

8m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
The Prompt
0:28
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
0:30
Sample Prompt
0:47
Why the Prompt is Horrible
1:30
No Opportunity to Prepare Before the Test
1:34
Timed Conditions
1:46
Your SAT Essay is a First Draft
2:03
Why the Prompt is Awesome
2:23
The Prompt Explains the Excerpt For You
2:27
Prompt Asks the Same Question in Two Ways
2:58
It's the First Section of the SAT
3:09
Readers Know This is Your First Draft
3:28
There is No Wrong Answer and No Penalty for Guessing
3:38
Three Ways to Answer the Prompt
3:55
Agree
4:08
Disagree
4:11
In the Middle - Scarecrow
4:14
Yes
4:18
No
4:47
Scarecrow
5:22
Tips for Acing the Prompt
6:31
Make Sure You Answer the Question You Were Asked
6:36
Pay Attention to the Language Used in the Excerpt
6:43
Outlining Your Essay

12m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Why Outline?
0:29
A Good Outline is Like a Road Map
0:58
An Outline Lets You Arrange Your Examples in the Best Possible Order
1:11
Outlining Helps You Remember Your Examples
1:26
Outlining Method 1: The Formal Outline
1:54
Outlining Method 2: The Informal Outline
4:35
Outlining in Action, Example 1
5:26
Thesis
6:17
Example 2
8:43
Outlining Tips
10:44
Read the Prompt Carefully
10:51
Practice Outlining
11:06
Don't Waste Time with Complete Sentences
11:39
Choose Examples That Can Be Jotted Down in a Few Words
11:50
Make Sure Your Outline Aligns with Yes/No/Scarecrow
12:07
II. Grammar
Grammar Errors: Part 1

19m 49s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Verbs
0:32
Subject-Verb Agreement
0:46
Issues With verb Tense
0:49
Singular Subjects take Singular Verbs
0:52
Examples
1:35
Collective Nouns Are Singular
2:47
Gerunds As Subjects Are Singular
3:20
Examples
3:31
Verb Tense Should Remain Consistent
4:32
Example
6:05
The SAT Likes to Switch Would and Will
6:33
Example
6:58
The SAT Likes to Switch Gerunds
7:22
Example
7:38
Pronouns
8:33
All Pronouns Must Agree with Their Antecedents in Number and Gender
8:35
Example
8:46
If a Sentence Uses 'One' or 'You' to Describe an Undetermined Person, It Must Not Switch Between the Two Terms
9:55
Example
10:16
Pay Attention to a Pronoun's Case
10:52
Examples
11:21
Adjectives vs. Adverbs
12:31
Adjectives Modify Nouns or Pronouns
12:40
Examples
13:17
Parallel Structure: Lists
14:26
When a Sentence Contains a List or Series of Items, Each Item Should Appear in the Format
14:37
Examples
14:47
Word Pairs
15:38
Correlative Conjunctions Are Always Paired Up a Certain Way
15:41
Example List of Words
15:53
Example Sentences
16:15
For Extra Grammar Help
19:16
Grammar Errors: Part 2

11m 2s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Noun Agreement
0:31
Nouns Must Agree In Number When They Are Connected with Other Nouns By a Linking Verb
0:34
Example
1:07
Comparatives vs. Superlatives
1:46
Comparatives
1:53
Superlatives
2:05
Examples
2:20
Relative Pronouns
3:04
Who vs. Whom
3:10
Example
3:23
Which vs. That
3:47
Examples
4:18
Where vs. Which
4:59
Examples
5:14
Double Negatives / Double Positives
5:53
Don't Use More or Most with the Comparative or Superlative Form of an Adjective
6:16
Examples
6:29
Conjunctions
7:02
Continuers
7:10
Contradictors
7:23
Example
7:44
Cause-and-Effect Conjunctions
8:23
Example
8:37
Only One Conjunction Is Usually Necessary to Connect Two Clauses
8:58
Example
9:14
Redundancy
9:44
The SAT Occasionally Includes Redundant Phrases in Sentence
9:49
Example
10:06
For Extra Grammar Help
10:34
Grammar Errors: Part 3

12m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Sentence Fragments
0:28
A Sentence Must Contain Both a Subject and Verb
0:33
Example
0:59
Commas and Semicolons
1:25
Independent Clauses Are Clauses That Contain a Subject and Verb
1:33
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Comma and A Coordinating Conjunction
1:41
Example
2:15
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon Only
2:31
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon and a Conjunctive Adverb
3:05
Example
3:19
To Join Independent Clauses, Review
3:42
Passive Voice
4:10
Active Construction
4:17
Passive Construction
4:21
Example
4:46
Sometimes the Passive Voice is Necessary to Correct a More Serious Error
5:23
Examples
5:35
Modifiers
6:47
Dangling Modifier
7:02
Example
7:13
Misplaced Modifiers
7:54
Example
8:15
Parallel Phrases
9:05
Conjunctions or Comparisons Must involve Elements Phrased in Parallel Ways
9:17
Example
9:25
The Subjunctive
10:07
Used to Express Needs, Requests, Suggestions, ad Hypothetical Situations
10:13
Major Distinction Between the Subjunctive Mood and Indicative Mood
10:46
Example
11:11
For Extra Grammar Help
11:45
III. Practice Test
Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

27m 48s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
The Prompt
1:07
Assignment
1:35
Outline
2:18
Essay
6:03
Answer Guide: Section 5 (Writing)

17m 23s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:35
Question 1
0:36
Question 2
1:09
Question 3
1:55
Question 4
2:35
Question 5
2:50
Question 6
3:48
Question 7
4:20
Question 8
5:06
Question 9
5:44
Question 10
6:36
Question 11
7:10
Error Identification
7:36
Question 12
7:48
Question 13
8:09
Question 14
8:21
Question 15
8:48
Question 16
9:12
Question 17
9:29
Question 18
9:53
Question 19
10:06
Question 20
10:43
Question 21
10:54
Question 22
11:03
Question 23
11:52
Question 24
12:00
Question 25
12:25
Question 26
13:03
Question 27
13:25
Question 28
13:52
Question 29
14:19
Paragraph Improvement
14:40
Question 30
14:41
Question 31
15:02
Question 32
15:36
Question 33
15:58
Question 34
16:20
Question 35
16:52
Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

8m 36s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:28
Question 1
0:29
Question 2
1:07
Question 3
1:30
Question 4
1:49
Question 5
2:26
Question 6
3:22
Question 7
3:57
Question 8
4:30
Question 9
5:13
Question 10
5:51
Question 11
6:24
Question 12
6:53
Question 13
7:16
Question 14
7:51
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For more information, please see full course syllabus of SAT Writing
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Lecture Comments (4)

0 answers

Post by Zhengpei Luo on October 3, 2014

what does "amused toleration" mean?

1 answer

Last reply by: MOGIN Daniloff
Tue Nov 25, 2014 4:25 PM

Post by Zhengpei Luo on October 3, 2014

" One of the few marine mammals that makes use of tools are the indian ocean bottlenose dolphin, which uses sea sponges to stir sand on the ocean floor while hunting for prey."
How to fix this?
The answer is one of few....to make use of tools are.
How does that make sense?

0 answers

Post by STEPHANIE YUAN on October 14, 2013

For the example of Parallel Phrases: "More than simply providing needed green space, public parks reduce the urban heat-island effect...", isn't the more than blah blah blah part modifying public parks and thus in this case wrong?

Grammar Errors: Part 3

  • Sentence Fragments
    • A sentence must contain both a subject and a verb. Any answer option that doesn’t give a sentence both a subject and a verb is wrong.
    • Gerunds (-ing verbs that act like nouns) do not count as verbs for this purpose.
  • Commasand Semicolons
    • Independent clauses are clauses that contain a subject and verb, and could be sentences on their own.
    • To join independent clauses, use:
      • A comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
    • Without the coordinating conjunction, the resulting error is called a comma splice.
    • Independent clauses are clauses that contain a subject and verb, and could be sentences on their own.
    • To join independent clauses, use:
      • A semicolon only. A properly used semicolon often indicates a correct answer.
      • A semicolon and a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, moreover, consequently)
      • A comma and a coordinating conjunction
  • PassiveVoice
    • In the active construction, the subject performs the action of the verb.
    • In the passive construction, the subject receives the action of the verb.
    • If it helps, remember that a passive verb is one that makes sense when followed by the phrase “by zombies”.
    • Stick to the active voice whenever possible.
    • Sometimes the passive voice is necessary to correct a more serious error, or for the sentence to make sense.
  • Modifiers
    • Modifiers should be placed as close as possible to the nouns, pronouns, or phrases they modify.
    • A dangling modifier appears when a sentence has an introductory clause (set off by a comma) that describes the subject but does not name it and that comma is not immediately followed by the subject.
    • Misplaced modifiers are modifiers that are placed so as to modify the wrong noun, pronoun, or phrase. They don’t necessarily involve introductory clauses.
  • Parallel Phrases
    • The SAT loves parallel structure! That means that conjunctions or comparisons (especially of two things) must involve elements phrased in parallel ways.
  • The Subjunctive
    • The subjunctive mood is not commonly tested on the SAT, but it’s good to know. It’s used to express needs, requests, suggestions, and hypothetical situations.
    • It’s usually used correctly on the SAT, so if you can spot it, you can ignore it.
    • The major distinction between the subjunctive mood and the indicative mood (the mood used for facts) is the third-person singular (used for he, she, it, etc.). While an –s is added to this form of the verb in the indicative, no –s is added in the subjunctive.
  • For Extra Grammar Help
    • See Erica Meltzer’s The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar
    • Watch our English Grammar course.
    • Essays not written on the essay assignment will receive a score of zero.
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Grammar Errors: Part 3

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:09
  • Sentence Fragments 0:28
    • A Sentence Must Contain Both a Subject and Verb
    • Example
  • Commas and Semicolons 1:25
    • Independent Clauses Are Clauses That Contain a Subject and Verb
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Comma and A Coordinating Conjunction
    • Example
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon Only
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon and a Conjunctive Adverb
    • Example
    • To Join Independent Clauses, Review
  • Passive Voice 4:10
    • Active Construction
    • Passive Construction
    • Example
    • Sometimes the Passive Voice is Necessary to Correct a More Serious Error
    • Examples
  • Modifiers 6:47
    • Dangling Modifier
    • Example
    • Misplaced Modifiers
    • Example
  • Parallel Phrases 9:05
    • Conjunctions or Comparisons Must involve Elements Phrased in Parallel Ways
    • Example
  • The Subjunctive 10:07
    • Used to Express Needs, Requests, Suggestions, ad Hypothetical Situations
    • Major Distinction Between the Subjunctive Mood and Indicative Mood
    • Example
  • For Extra Grammar Help 11:45
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