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Rebekah Hendershot

Rebekah Hendershot

Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. The Essay
Essay Basics

14m 46s

Introduction
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
What Is An Essay?
0:28
Essayer = To Try, To Attempt
0:31
An Essay is An Attempt to Explain a Thought in Writing
0:44
Why Does the SAT Ask for an Essay?
1:11
Designed to Test Your Readiness for College
1:19
Also Tests Your Ability to Think on Your Feet and Express Your Thoughts Clearly
1:34
What They're Looking For
2:05
Good Writing
2:11
Good Content
2:57
The Prompt
3:35
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
3:37
Sample Prompt
3:58
Essay Scoring
5:22
Two Readers Read Each Essay and Score It on A Scale from 1-6
5:51
Essay Readers Are Encouraged to be Forgiving and to Reward Students for Writing Well
6:16
Essay Readers Are Trained to Ignore Handwriting
6:34
Essay Scoring: 6
6:46
Essay Scoring: 5
7:42
Essay Scoring: 4
8:20
Essay Scoring: 3
9:03
Essay Scoring: 2
10:18
Essay Scoring: 1
11:19
Essay Scoring: 0
12:15
Tips for a Better Essay
12:25
Outline Before You Write
12:39
Use a Variety of Examples
12:56
Use Abstract and Concrete Nouns
13:49
The Essay Prompt

8m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
The Prompt
0:28
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
0:30
Sample Prompt
0:47
Why the Prompt is Horrible
1:30
No Opportunity to Prepare Before the Test
1:34
Timed Conditions
1:46
Your SAT Essay is a First Draft
2:03
Why the Prompt is Awesome
2:23
The Prompt Explains the Excerpt For You
2:27
Prompt Asks the Same Question in Two Ways
2:58
It's the First Section of the SAT
3:09
Readers Know This is Your First Draft
3:28
There is No Wrong Answer and No Penalty for Guessing
3:38
Three Ways to Answer the Prompt
3:55
Agree
4:08
Disagree
4:11
In the Middle - Scarecrow
4:14
Yes
4:18
No
4:47
Scarecrow
5:22
Tips for Acing the Prompt
6:31
Make Sure You Answer the Question You Were Asked
6:36
Pay Attention to the Language Used in the Excerpt
6:43
Outlining Your Essay

12m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Why Outline?
0:29
A Good Outline is Like a Road Map
0:58
An Outline Lets You Arrange Your Examples in the Best Possible Order
1:11
Outlining Helps You Remember Your Examples
1:26
Outlining Method 1: The Formal Outline
1:54
Outlining Method 2: The Informal Outline
4:35
Outlining in Action, Example 1
5:26
Thesis
6:17
Example 2
8:43
Outlining Tips
10:44
Read the Prompt Carefully
10:51
Practice Outlining
11:06
Don't Waste Time with Complete Sentences
11:39
Choose Examples That Can Be Jotted Down in a Few Words
11:50
Make Sure Your Outline Aligns with Yes/No/Scarecrow
12:07
II. Grammar
Grammar Errors: Part 1

19m 49s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Verbs
0:32
Subject-Verb Agreement
0:46
Issues With verb Tense
0:49
Singular Subjects take Singular Verbs
0:52
Examples
1:35
Collective Nouns Are Singular
2:47
Gerunds As Subjects Are Singular
3:20
Examples
3:31
Verb Tense Should Remain Consistent
4:32
Example
6:05
The SAT Likes to Switch Would and Will
6:33
Example
6:58
The SAT Likes to Switch Gerunds
7:22
Example
7:38
Pronouns
8:33
All Pronouns Must Agree with Their Antecedents in Number and Gender
8:35
Example
8:46
If a Sentence Uses 'One' or 'You' to Describe an Undetermined Person, It Must Not Switch Between the Two Terms
9:55
Example
10:16
Pay Attention to a Pronoun's Case
10:52
Examples
11:21
Adjectives vs. Adverbs
12:31
Adjectives Modify Nouns or Pronouns
12:40
Examples
13:17
Parallel Structure: Lists
14:26
When a Sentence Contains a List or Series of Items, Each Item Should Appear in the Format
14:37
Examples
14:47
Word Pairs
15:38
Correlative Conjunctions Are Always Paired Up a Certain Way
15:41
Example List of Words
15:53
Example Sentences
16:15
For Extra Grammar Help
19:16
Grammar Errors: Part 2

11m 2s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Noun Agreement
0:31
Nouns Must Agree In Number When They Are Connected with Other Nouns By a Linking Verb
0:34
Example
1:07
Comparatives vs. Superlatives
1:46
Comparatives
1:53
Superlatives
2:05
Examples
2:20
Relative Pronouns
3:04
Who vs. Whom
3:10
Example
3:23
Which vs. That
3:47
Examples
4:18
Where vs. Which
4:59
Examples
5:14
Double Negatives / Double Positives
5:53
Don't Use More or Most with the Comparative or Superlative Form of an Adjective
6:16
Examples
6:29
Conjunctions
7:02
Continuers
7:10
Contradictors
7:23
Example
7:44
Cause-and-Effect Conjunctions
8:23
Example
8:37
Only One Conjunction Is Usually Necessary to Connect Two Clauses
8:58
Example
9:14
Redundancy
9:44
The SAT Occasionally Includes Redundant Phrases in Sentence
9:49
Example
10:06
For Extra Grammar Help
10:34
Grammar Errors: Part 3

12m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Sentence Fragments
0:28
A Sentence Must Contain Both a Subject and Verb
0:33
Example
0:59
Commas and Semicolons
1:25
Independent Clauses Are Clauses That Contain a Subject and Verb
1:33
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Comma and A Coordinating Conjunction
1:41
Example
2:15
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon Only
2:31
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon and a Conjunctive Adverb
3:05
Example
3:19
To Join Independent Clauses, Review
3:42
Passive Voice
4:10
Active Construction
4:17
Passive Construction
4:21
Example
4:46
Sometimes the Passive Voice is Necessary to Correct a More Serious Error
5:23
Examples
5:35
Modifiers
6:47
Dangling Modifier
7:02
Example
7:13
Misplaced Modifiers
7:54
Example
8:15
Parallel Phrases
9:05
Conjunctions or Comparisons Must involve Elements Phrased in Parallel Ways
9:17
Example
9:25
The Subjunctive
10:07
Used to Express Needs, Requests, Suggestions, ad Hypothetical Situations
10:13
Major Distinction Between the Subjunctive Mood and Indicative Mood
10:46
Example
11:11
For Extra Grammar Help
11:45
III. Practice Test
Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

27m 48s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
The Prompt
1:07
Assignment
1:35
Outline
2:18
Essay
6:03
Answer Guide: Section 5 (Writing)

17m 23s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:35
Question 1
0:36
Question 2
1:09
Question 3
1:55
Question 4
2:35
Question 5
2:50
Question 6
3:48
Question 7
4:20
Question 8
5:06
Question 9
5:44
Question 10
6:36
Question 11
7:10
Error Identification
7:36
Question 12
7:48
Question 13
8:09
Question 14
8:21
Question 15
8:48
Question 16
9:12
Question 17
9:29
Question 18
9:53
Question 19
10:06
Question 20
10:43
Question 21
10:54
Question 22
11:03
Question 23
11:52
Question 24
12:00
Question 25
12:25
Question 26
13:03
Question 27
13:25
Question 28
13:52
Question 29
14:19
Paragraph Improvement
14:40
Question 30
14:41
Question 31
15:02
Question 32
15:36
Question 33
15:58
Question 34
16:20
Question 35
16:52
Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

8m 36s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:28
Question 1
0:29
Question 2
1:07
Question 3
1:30
Question 4
1:49
Question 5
2:26
Question 6
3:22
Question 7
3:57
Question 8
4:30
Question 9
5:13
Question 10
5:51
Question 11
6:24
Question 12
6:53
Question 13
7:16
Question 14
7:51
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Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

  • The test is available here: http://satonlinecourse.collegeboard.org/
  • Sentence Improvement
    • Question 1:In everything from finding comets to spotting supernovae, amateur astronomers have become so accomplished, and professional astronomers sometimes seek their help.
      • Your problem here is the use of the word “so”. It’s idiomatic in English that so + adjective must be followed by the word that.
      • Only C adds that.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 2:Since scientific advances are central to progress, basic research deserving continuing support.
      • This is an easy one. The verb should be in simple present tense, but instead it’s in gerund form.
      • C fixes this problem.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 3:With Americans consuming sugar in record amounts, nutritionists are urging the public to reduce its consumption of sodas,which have largely replaced other, more healthful, beverages.
      • There’s absolutely nothing wrong with this sentence.
      • Answer: A
    • Question 4:Experts disagree about what is the definition of intelligence and how to measure it.
      • This sentence is wordy and awkward-sounding. Even changing “what is the definition” to “what the definition is” wouldn’t be much of an improvement.
      • Because it’s a list (the scientists disagree about two things), both items on the list must be written in parallel form–either two verbs (defining and measuring) or two nouns (definition and measurement).
      • Only C takes this approach (with two verbs).
      • Answer: C
    • Question 5:The charges against the organization are being investigated by a committee, it includesseveral senators.
      • This sentence contains a comma splice–an entire sentence spliced onto another with a comma, not a semicolon or conjunction.
      • The way to correct this problem is to turn the underlined portion into a nonrestrictive clause using “which.”
      • E does this.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 6:Travel writing often describes a journey of exploration and endurance, a trip that is risky either because of natural hazards but also because of political unrest.
      • This sentence has a problem with correlative conjunctions. When we contrast two options using the word “either,” the first option must follow “either and the second must follow “or”. We can’t combine either/or with not only/but also; we must choose.
      • D changes but also to or.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 7:Though they had earlier indicated otherwise, it was eventually decided upon by the legislators to have the bill passed.
      • This sentence contains an unnecessary use of the passive voice.
      • Eputs the verb in the active voice. It’s also the shortest option.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 8:Spread by rat fleas, millions of people in medieval Europe were killed by bubonic plague.
      • This sentence has two problems–a misplaced modifier (since when do rat fleas spread people?) and an unnecessary use of the passive voice.
      • Choice E fixes both problems by making plague the subject of the sentence and putting the verb in the active voice.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 9:Traditional Jamaican music, enriched with rock, jazz, and other modern rhythms from America, were the basisfor reggae.
      • The problem here is subject-verb agreement. (The underlined verb is a clue.) The subject “music” conflicts with the verb “were.”
      • D changes “were” to “was” without adding new errors.
      • Answer: D
    • Question 10:James Barrie, the author of Peter Panand other plays, is noted for portraying adulthood as unpleasant and childhood is glorified.
      • The problem here is non-parallel structure. Barrie portrays adulthood one way and childhood another–but the grammatical construction of the two portrayals should remain the same.
      • C mirrors “adulthood as unpleasant” with “childhood as glorious.”
      • Answer: C
    • Question 11:Medical insurance coverage that requires high monthly premiums and that isbeyond the financial means of many people.
      • This sentence has no main verb, thanks to the use of that.
      • Option E removes that and otherwise leaves the sentence unchanged.
      • Answer: E
    • Question 12:Among the most flavorful cuisines in the United States, New Orleans has also becomeone of the most popular.
      • Is New Orleans a cuisine? No, it’s a city!
      • Only C corrects this without introducing new errors.
      • Answer: C
    • Question 13:Meals prepared by the Algonquin Indians, who were farmers as well as hunters, included more maize and pumpkin than other Indian tribes.
      • This sentence actually compares the meals prepared by the Algonquins to other Indian tribes. It’s not comparing food with food–it’s comparing food with people!
      • The correct answer must compare meals to meals. Only B does this without introducing new errors.
      • Answer: B
    • Question 14:Born of Ibuza parents in Nigeria, novelist Buchi Emecheta moved to England in 1962, since which she has lived in North London.
      • If nothing else, which cannot be used to refer to a time.
      • Both B and D sound promising, since both B and D use the construction “lived since then,” rightly putting the verb first. However, only B uses the present perfect verb “has lived,” which goes with the word “since” and indicates that Emecheta still lives in London.
      • Answer: B
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:11
  • Sentence Improvement 0:28
    • Question 1
    • Question 2
    • Question 3
    • Question 4
    • Question 5
    • Question 6
    • Question 7
    • Question 8
    • Question 9
    • Question 10
    • Question 11
    • Question 12
    • Question 13
    • Question 14
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