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Rebekah Hendershot

Rebekah Hendershot

Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

I. The Essay
Essay Basics

14m 46s

Introduction
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
What Is An Essay?
0:28
Essayer = To Try, To Attempt
0:31
An Essay is An Attempt to Explain a Thought in Writing
0:44
Why Does the SAT Ask for an Essay?
1:11
Designed to Test Your Readiness for College
1:19
Also Tests Your Ability to Think on Your Feet and Express Your Thoughts Clearly
1:34
What They're Looking For
2:05
Good Writing
2:11
Good Content
2:57
The Prompt
3:35
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
3:37
Sample Prompt
3:58
Essay Scoring
5:22
Two Readers Read Each Essay and Score It on A Scale from 1-6
5:51
Essay Readers Are Encouraged to be Forgiving and to Reward Students for Writing Well
6:16
Essay Readers Are Trained to Ignore Handwriting
6:34
Essay Scoring: 6
6:46
Essay Scoring: 5
7:42
Essay Scoring: 4
8:20
Essay Scoring: 3
9:03
Essay Scoring: 2
10:18
Essay Scoring: 1
11:19
Essay Scoring: 0
12:15
Tips for a Better Essay
12:25
Outline Before You Write
12:39
Use a Variety of Examples
12:56
Use Abstract and Concrete Nouns
13:49
The Essay Prompt

8m 6s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:07
The Prompt
0:28
Always the Same Form: An Excerpt Following By a Question
0:30
Sample Prompt
0:47
Why the Prompt is Horrible
1:30
No Opportunity to Prepare Before the Test
1:34
Timed Conditions
1:46
Your SAT Essay is a First Draft
2:03
Why the Prompt is Awesome
2:23
The Prompt Explains the Excerpt For You
2:27
Prompt Asks the Same Question in Two Ways
2:58
It's the First Section of the SAT
3:09
Readers Know This is Your First Draft
3:28
There is No Wrong Answer and No Penalty for Guessing
3:38
Three Ways to Answer the Prompt
3:55
Agree
4:08
Disagree
4:11
In the Middle - Scarecrow
4:14
Yes
4:18
No
4:47
Scarecrow
5:22
Tips for Acing the Prompt
6:31
Make Sure You Answer the Question You Were Asked
6:36
Pay Attention to the Language Used in the Excerpt
6:43
Outlining Your Essay

12m 20s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Why Outline?
0:29
A Good Outline is Like a Road Map
0:58
An Outline Lets You Arrange Your Examples in the Best Possible Order
1:11
Outlining Helps You Remember Your Examples
1:26
Outlining Method 1: The Formal Outline
1:54
Outlining Method 2: The Informal Outline
4:35
Outlining in Action, Example 1
5:26
Thesis
6:17
Example 2
8:43
Outlining Tips
10:44
Read the Prompt Carefully
10:51
Practice Outlining
11:06
Don't Waste Time with Complete Sentences
11:39
Choose Examples That Can Be Jotted Down in a Few Words
11:50
Make Sure Your Outline Aligns with Yes/No/Scarecrow
12:07
II. Grammar
Grammar Errors: Part 1

19m 49s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Verbs
0:32
Subject-Verb Agreement
0:46
Issues With verb Tense
0:49
Singular Subjects take Singular Verbs
0:52
Examples
1:35
Collective Nouns Are Singular
2:47
Gerunds As Subjects Are Singular
3:20
Examples
3:31
Verb Tense Should Remain Consistent
4:32
Example
6:05
The SAT Likes to Switch Would and Will
6:33
Example
6:58
The SAT Likes to Switch Gerunds
7:22
Example
7:38
Pronouns
8:33
All Pronouns Must Agree with Their Antecedents in Number and Gender
8:35
Example
8:46
If a Sentence Uses 'One' or 'You' to Describe an Undetermined Person, It Must Not Switch Between the Two Terms
9:55
Example
10:16
Pay Attention to a Pronoun's Case
10:52
Examples
11:21
Adjectives vs. Adverbs
12:31
Adjectives Modify Nouns or Pronouns
12:40
Examples
13:17
Parallel Structure: Lists
14:26
When a Sentence Contains a List or Series of Items, Each Item Should Appear in the Format
14:37
Examples
14:47
Word Pairs
15:38
Correlative Conjunctions Are Always Paired Up a Certain Way
15:41
Example List of Words
15:53
Example Sentences
16:15
For Extra Grammar Help
19:16
Grammar Errors: Part 2

11m 2s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Noun Agreement
0:31
Nouns Must Agree In Number When They Are Connected with Other Nouns By a Linking Verb
0:34
Example
1:07
Comparatives vs. Superlatives
1:46
Comparatives
1:53
Superlatives
2:05
Examples
2:20
Relative Pronouns
3:04
Who vs. Whom
3:10
Example
3:23
Which vs. That
3:47
Examples
4:18
Where vs. Which
4:59
Examples
5:14
Double Negatives / Double Positives
5:53
Don't Use More or Most with the Comparative or Superlative Form of an Adjective
6:16
Examples
6:29
Conjunctions
7:02
Continuers
7:10
Contradictors
7:23
Example
7:44
Cause-and-Effect Conjunctions
8:23
Example
8:37
Only One Conjunction Is Usually Necessary to Connect Two Clauses
8:58
Example
9:14
Redundancy
9:44
The SAT Occasionally Includes Redundant Phrases in Sentence
9:49
Example
10:06
For Extra Grammar Help
10:34
Grammar Errors: Part 3

12m 19s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:09
Sentence Fragments
0:28
A Sentence Must Contain Both a Subject and Verb
0:33
Example
0:59
Commas and Semicolons
1:25
Independent Clauses Are Clauses That Contain a Subject and Verb
1:33
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Comma and A Coordinating Conjunction
1:41
Example
2:15
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon Only
2:31
To Join Independent Clauses, Use a Semicolon and a Conjunctive Adverb
3:05
Example
3:19
To Join Independent Clauses, Review
3:42
Passive Voice
4:10
Active Construction
4:17
Passive Construction
4:21
Example
4:46
Sometimes the Passive Voice is Necessary to Correct a More Serious Error
5:23
Examples
5:35
Modifiers
6:47
Dangling Modifier
7:02
Example
7:13
Misplaced Modifiers
7:54
Example
8:15
Parallel Phrases
9:05
Conjunctions or Comparisons Must involve Elements Phrased in Parallel Ways
9:17
Example
9:25
The Subjunctive
10:07
Used to Express Needs, Requests, Suggestions, ad Hypothetical Situations
10:13
Major Distinction Between the Subjunctive Mood and Indicative Mood
10:46
Example
11:11
For Extra Grammar Help
11:45
III. Practice Test
Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

27m 48s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:14
The Prompt
1:07
Assignment
1:35
Outline
2:18
Essay
6:03
Answer Guide: Section 5 (Writing)

17m 23s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:35
Question 1
0:36
Question 2
1:09
Question 3
1:55
Question 4
2:35
Question 5
2:50
Question 6
3:48
Question 7
4:20
Question 8
5:06
Question 9
5:44
Question 10
6:36
Question 11
7:10
Error Identification
7:36
Question 12
7:48
Question 13
8:09
Question 14
8:21
Question 15
8:48
Question 16
9:12
Question 17
9:29
Question 18
9:53
Question 19
10:06
Question 20
10:43
Question 21
10:54
Question 22
11:03
Question 23
11:52
Question 24
12:00
Question 25
12:25
Question 26
13:03
Question 27
13:25
Question 28
13:52
Question 29
14:19
Paragraph Improvement
14:40
Question 30
14:41
Question 31
15:02
Question 32
15:36
Question 33
15:58
Question 34
16:20
Question 35
16:52
Answer Guide: Section 10 (Writing)

8m 36s

Intro
0:00
Lesson Overview
0:11
Sentence Improvement
0:28
Question 1
0:29
Question 2
1:07
Question 3
1:30
Question 4
1:49
Question 5
2:26
Question 6
3:22
Question 7
3:57
Question 8
4:30
Question 9
5:13
Question 10
5:51
Question 11
6:24
Question 12
6:53
Question 13
7:16
Question 14
7:51
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For more information, please see full course syllabus of SAT Writing
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Lecture Comments (1)

0 answers

Post by Francisco Gonzalez on May 29, 2016

Good job.

Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

  • The Prompt
    • Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.
    • Nowadays nothing is private: our culture has become too confessional and self-expressive. People think that to hide one’s thoughts or feelings is to pretend not to have those thoughts or feelings. They assume that honesty requires one to express every inclination and impulse. -Adapted from J. David Velleman, “The Genesis of Shame”
    • Assignment: Should people make more of an effort to keep some things private? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
  • The Outline
    • -Instinct: YES
    • Thesis: Privacy is essential to the human condition, because humans must keep some things private: our unborn ideas, our joys, and especially those thoughts that are inappropriate for public consumption.
    • -Intro: the origin of privacy
    • -American Revolution/ change
    • -Christmas presents
    • -Spider Robinson
  • The Essay
    • From our earliest days, we humans have an instinct for privacy. Once we’re old enough to walk and talk, we begin keeping secrets. We learn to keep our thoughts to ourselves, to hide our favorite toys from bullying older siblings, and to lie to our parents when asked where we’ve been and what we’ve been up to. Yet when we become adults, especially in the Information Age, we suddenly feel we have to share absolutely everything. We post on Facebook what we’re having for lunch, what we’re doing this weekend, and when we’re going to bed. There’s even an acronym for it–“TMI”, or too much information. Yet preserving our privacy is much more than avoiding TMI syndrome. It can be a matter of life and death, of joy and sorrow, and of what it means to be human. The fact is that we must keep some things private–without privacy, we would have neither the benefits of historical change nor the joy of surprises nor the freedom to not know what the people around us are thinking.
    • In the late eighteenth century, a group of American colonists began to develop the idea that British rule wasn’t all it was cracked up to be. In private discussions and the quiet of their own minds, people like Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin came to the conclusion that the American colonies needed to seek independence from Great Britain. When the time was right, they announced their intentions with the Declaration of Independence, now one of the most treasured artifacts of the founding of the United States. Yet if they had casually blurted out everything they were thinking, these founding fathers would certainly have been hanged for treason. Privacy was essential to the American Revolution, and without it the country would not have come into being. Every good thing the United States has done comes, in some respects, from the fact that the Founding Fathers knew when to keep their mouths shut.
    • Sometimes it’s the little things preserved by privacy that make it most precious. Consider the example of Christmas presents. In my family, everyone makes a great fuss over keeping the nature and location of Christmas presents a secret. It adds to the joy of Christmas morning to see someone pull out a large box or package that I know could not possibly have been stashed in the hall closet and find out what’s inside it. Christmas is more enjoyable because we have all practiced privacy. If my family went around loudly announcing what everyone was getting for Christmas, there would be very little in the way of surprise and the occasion would be that much less joyous.
    • Most importantly, privacy enables humans to tolerate one another. The science fiction author Spider Robinson, in his short story “Two Heads Are Better Than One”, describes a main character’s horror at suddenly gaining the ability to read minds. Robinson says what every reader knows but will not admit–that “the things that fester in a sealed skull are not meant to be shared.” Fundamentally, every human being believes that he or she is the center of the universe. We say otherwise, but we are lying. Of course we must be the heroes of the story! Our mental camera follows us all the time, so we must be the stars of the movie. This is not too bad in the privacy of one’s own head, but imagine the horror and chaos that would result if we were all forced to confront, every day, the fact that everyone else is just as egocentric as we are. If we all went around saying exactly what we really think, half of us would have committed murder inside of a week. Humans can coexist because they can keep their thoughts private until they’ve been cleaned up and made ready for human consumption.
    • There is much to be said for honesty and full disclosure. Obviously we shouldn’t lie about everything, all the time. But occasional omissions are necessary to accomplish great things, to create joy, and to preserve our community with other human beings. The world would likely be a better place if we knew when to stop posting pictures of our lunches and tweeting every thought that crossed our minds. Some things are not meant to escape our sealed skulls–and we would do well to remember that.
  • Recommended supplementary material to view SAT questions featured in lesson answer guides: The Official SAT Study Guide by the College Board.

Answer Guide: Section 1 (Essay)

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:14
  • The Prompt 1:07
    • Assignment
  • Outline 2:18
  • Essay 6:03
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