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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Introduction to Pro Tools
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Session Folders

  • Pro Tools File Structures: Before you create or edit a recording project, or a session in Pro Tools, it is helpful to understand how to software works with the various files that are related to a project. Rather than storing a session as a single file, Pro Tools stores various session components separately and maintains a roadmap to the first files it uses in a session file. All of the files used for a project are grouped together in a “session folder”.
  • File Organization: When you create a Pro Tools session, the system sets up a standard hierarchy for the session and its associated files by automatically creating a top-level session folder containing the session file as well as subfolders for various types of supplemental files used for the session. When you record, convert on import, or edit material, specific files will appear in each of these subfolders.
  • File Types: Many of these files are created by Pro Tools automatically as you work on a project, although some are generated by export operations only.
  • Pro Tools Session File:
    • A session file is the document that Pro Tools creates when you start a new project.
  • WaveCache File:
    • Each PT session you create will also have an associated WaveCache file created inside the session folder.
  • Audio Files:
    • When audio is recorded into a PT session, each take of the audio recording is stored as a separate file inside the corresponding session’s Audio Files Folder.
  • Plug-in Sttings:
    • If you have done certain plug-in settings in a session you will find them in this folder.
  • Session File Backups:
    • If you enable the AutoSave function in PT, the Session File Back Up folder will be created automatically, and auto-saved session files will be stored in this location.
  • MIDI Files:
    • MIDI files can be exported from PT using the Export>MIDI command.
  • Sibelius Files:
    • If you work with scores inside PT, you can use either “Send To Sibelius” command or the “Export>Sibelius” commands to generate a score file that can be opened/edited with the full-featured Sibelius notation software.
  • Clip Groups:
    • The Clip groups folder is the default directory that PT uses for any clip groups you export from your PT session.
  • Rendered Files:
    • Whenever you use rendered Elastic Audio processing, PT creates temporary files for the audio on the affected tracks. These temporary files are kept in an auto-created Rendered Files folder in the session folder.
  • Video Files:
    • Video files are used when you digitize a movie in to PT.
  • Fade Files:
    • One type of file which is not in PT 10 but has been in up until 10 on earlier versions is Fade Files.
    • With PT 10, all fade files are calculated and played back in real time, eliminating the need to store rendered fade files.
  • Buffer Size:
    • The hardware buffer size controls the size of the hardware cache used to handle host-based tasks, such as Native plug-in processing.

Session Folders

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Overview 0:08
  • Pro Tools File Structures 0:23
    • File Organization
  • File Types 4:05
    • Pro Tools Session File
    • WaveCache File
    • Audio File
    • Plug-In Settings
    • Session File Backups
    • MIDI Files
    • Sibelius Files
    • Clip Groups
    • Video Files
    • Fade Files
    • Rendered Files
  • Hardware Buffer Size 24:02
  • CPU Usage Limit 26:24
  • Starting Up Pro Tools 30:59