Summer Ebs

Summer Ebs

Heat and States of Matter

Slide Duration:

Table of Contents

Section 1: Chemistry
Properties of Matter

30m 50s

Intro
0:00
Matter
0:07
Matter
0:08
Substance, Element, and Compound
0:47
Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Mixture
1:47
Suspension, Colloid, and Solution
3:16
Physical Properties
5:25
Appearance: Color, Shape, Size, Density, and State of Matter
5:26
Behavior: Viscosity, Magnetism, Malleability, and Ductility
8:00
Physical Changes
10:29
Physical Changes
10:30
Chemical Properties
14:38
Chemical Properties
14:39
Chemical Changes
16:35
Chemical Changes
16:36
Signs of Chemical Change
16:55
Example 1: Identify the Mixtures Listed
19:21
Example 2: Physical or Chemical Change?
23:38
Example 3: How Can You Separate a Mixture of Sand, Gravel, Iron, Filings, Salt, and Water?
25:04
Example 4: Physical/Chemical Property and Change
27:27
Energy

53m 22s

Intro
0:00
Energy
0:03
Energy Overview
0:04
Potential Energy
1:48
Potential Energy
1:49
Mechanical (Elastic) Potential Energy
1:54
Chemical Potential Energy
3:15
Nuclear Energy
4:06
Gravitational Potential Energy
4:43
Kinetic Energy
7:34
Kinetic Energy
7:35
Thermal Energy
8:03
Radiant Energy
8:57
Electrical Energy
9:47
Sound
10:17
Motion
10:54
Kinetic Energy: Example
11:31
Law of Conservation of Energy
12:47
Law of Conservation of Energy
12:48
Electrical to Radiant
13:21
Chemical to Thermal
14:34
Potential to Kinetic
15:10
Friction
18:48
Energy Resources
20:06
Nonrenewable: Fossil Fuels
20:51
Nonrenewable: Nuclear
21:56
Renewable: Solar
26:50
Renewable: Wind
29:22
Renewable: Tidal
31:10
Renewable: Hydroelectric
32:30
Renewable: Geothermal
35:24
Example 1: Gravitational Potential Energy
38:40
Example 2: Kinetic Energy
42:20
Example 3: Maximum and Minimum Potential and Kinetic Energy
44:48
Example 4: Should We Use Renewable or Nonrenewable Resources to Generate Electricity?
46:31
Heat and States of Matter

48m 48s

Intro
0:00
Temperature
0:04
Temperature
0:05
Fahrenheit to Celsius
2:15
Celsius to Fahrenheit
4:29
Kelvins to Celsius and Celsius to Kelvins
5:50
Thermal Energy
8:06
Thermal Energy, Kinetic Energy, and Potential Energy
8:07
Changing Thermal Energy: Temperature
9:11
Changing Thermal Energy: State of Matter
9:37
Changing Thermal Energy: Amount of Matter
10:12
Heat
10:59
Heat
11:00
Specific Heat
12:21
Transfer of Thermal Energy
15:15
Conduction
15:16
Convection
16:43
Radiation
19:57
States of Matter
20:43
Solids: Arrangement of Atoms, Shape, Volume, and Molecular Motion
21:35
Liquids: Arrangement of Atoms, Shape, Volume, and Molecular Motion
23:49
Gases: Arrangement of Atoms, Shape, Volume, and Molecular Motion
25:33
Plasma: Arrangement of Atoms, Shape, Volume, and Molecular Motion
27:02
Changing States of Matter
27:49
Melting
27:50
Freezing
28:15
Vaporization
29:04
Boiling
29:17
Condensation
31:21
Temperature and Time Graph
32:18
Thermal Expansion
36:19
Thermal Expansion of Solids
37:16
Thermal Expansion of Liquids
38:17
Thermal Expansion of Gases
39:46
Example 1: Converting Temperatures
40:28
Example 2: Thermal Energy
43:35
Example 3: Quick Matching
44:58
Example 4: Why Does It Feel Cold When You Put Your Hand On the Table?
45:50
Example 5: Heat Transfer
46:48
Example 6: Changing States of Matter
47:29
Atoms and Elements

30m 12s

Intro
0:00
Atoms
0:05
Atoms
0:06
Atomic Structure
1:01
Electron Cloud
1:02
Nucleus, Protons, and Neutrons
1:43
Quarks
2:07
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
2:40
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons: Location
2:42
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons: Electric Charge
3:05
Examples
4:10
Electron Configuration
5:32
Electron Configuration
5:33
Elements
12:22
Atomic Number
13:05
Carbon
13:15
Oxygen
14:49
Important Elements for Living Things
16:25
Isotopes
17:04
Isotopes
17:05
Example 1: Atomic Structure and Electrical Charge
21:16
Example 2: Electron Configuration
23:13
Example 3: Electron Configuration
24:57
Example 4: Use the Periodic Table to Complete the Table Below
26:08
Periodic Table

47m 23s

Intro
0:00
Periodic Table
0:06
Atomic Number, Chemical Symbol, and Atomic Mass
0:07
Groups and Periods
4:14
Groups and Periods
4:15
Electron Dot Diagrams
10:05
Electron Dot Diagrams
10:06
Ion Formation
19:09
An Ion Forms When an Atom Gains or Loses Electrons
19:10
A Positive Ion Forms When an Atom Loses and Electron
20:25
A Negative Ion Forms When an Atom Gains an Electron
26:49
Oxidation Numbers
28:51
Oxidation Numbers
28:52
Metals, Nonmetals, Metalloids
34:52
Metals, Nonmetals, Metalloids
34:53
Example 1: Group and Period
37:39
Example 2: Electron Dot Diagrams
39:50
Example 3: How do Fluorine and Calcium Become Ions?
42:10
Example 4: What Are 2 Ways to Find the Oxidation Number of Sodium?
44:58
Chemical Bonding, Part I

51m 6s

Intro
0:00
Chemical Bonds Form Compounds
0:17
Atoms and Electrons
0:18
H2O
2:14
HCl
3:36
C6H12O6
4:16
Ca(NO3)2
5:06
Review: Dot Diagrams
7:10
Review: Ion Formation
8:30
Ionic Bond
9:57
Ionic Bond
9:58
Sodium and Fluorine
10:41
Magnesium and Chlorine
16:30
Covalent Bond
22:19
Covalent Bond
22:20
Hydrogen and Carbon
23:58
Hydrogen and Oxygen
27:28
Multiple Covalent Bonds
29:03
Single Covalent Bond
29:04
Double Covalent Bond
29:40
Triple Covalent Bond
31:50
Polar and Nonpolar Molecules
33:33
Polar Molecules
33:34
Unequal sharing of Electrons and Electronegativities
35:02
Nonpolar Molecules
37:46
Example 1: Elements and Atoms
38:42
Example 2: Dot Diagram of the Bond That Forms Between Magnesium and Oxygen
41:17
Example 3: Dot Diagram of the Bond That Forms Between Nitrogen and Oxygen
45:24
Example 4: Polar or Nonpolar?
47:22
Chemical Bonding, Part 2

56m 22s

Intro
0:00
Bonding Atoms Make Compounds
0:05
Binary Compounds
0:06
Reviwew: Oxidation Number
1:14
Naming Ionic Compounds
1:45
Naming Ionic Compounds
1:46
NaCl
2:26
MgCl2
5:04
Al2S3
6:52
Writing Formulas of Ionic Compounds
10:03
Writing Formulas of Ionic Compounds
10:04
Beryllium Fluoride
10:17
Lithium Nitride
12:24
Calcium Bromide
13:53
Polyatomic Ions
15:31
Polyatomic Ions
15:32
Ammonium Phosphate
17:21
Aluminum Hydroxide
19:37
Magnesium Chlorate
20:54
NaOH
21:47
(NH4)2O
22:17
Mg(NO3)2
22:56
Special Ions
23:28
Iron (III) Iodide
24:28
Lead (IV) Chloride
26:30
Chromium (III) Oxide
27:31
Fe3P2
29:18
CuI2
31:51
PbBr2
33:04
Naming Covalent Compounds
33:57
Naming Covalent Compounds
33:58
Examples
35:03
Ionic or Covalent?
39:50
Ionic vs. Covalent: Electron
39:51
Ionic vs. Covalent: State At Room Temperature
10:23
Ionic vs. Covalent: Metal, Nonmetal, Metalloids
41:02
Ionic vs. Covalent: Naming
41:35
Example 1: Write the Names or Formulas for Each Ionic Compound
42:50
Example 2: Write the Names or Formulas for Each Covalent Compound
46:13
Example 3: Name the Following Ionic Compounds
49:44
Example 4: Provide the Formulas for the Following Ionic Compounds
52:19
Example 5: Ionic or Covalent?
54:21
Chemical Reactions

49m 13s

Intro
0:00
Chemical Reactions
0:05
Chemical Reactions
0:06
Chemical Formula Example
0:54
Reactants and Products
3:50
Conservation of Mass
4:58
The Total Mass of the Reactant Must Equal the Total Mass of the Products
4:59
Balancing Chemical Equations
6:42
Balancing Equations
11:12
Example 1: Balancing Equations
11:27
Example 2: Balancing Equations
14:15
Example 3: Balancing Equations
16:28
Types of Reactions
19:17
Synthesis
19:18
Decomposition
20:09
Single-Displacement
20:54
Double-Displacement
22:12
Combustion
23:34
Energy in Chemical Reactions
24:41
Chemical Reactions and Activation Energy
24:42
Endergonic Reactions
25:55
Exergonic Reactions
27:51
Rate of Chemical Reactions
29:42
Rate of Chemical Reactions Overview
29:43
Temperature
30:51
Concentration
31:26
Agitation
32:08
Surface Area
32:29
Pressure
33:06
Catalysts and Inhibitors
33:18
Example 1: Translate Into Chemical Equations
34:32
Example 2: Law of Conservation of Mass
37:35
Example 3: Balance the Following Equations
40:33
Example 4: Math Each Equation With the Correct Type of Reaction
44:58
Example 5: Exothermic or Endothermic Reaction?
48:21
Solutions, Acids, and Bases

29m

Intro
0:00
Solutions
0:06
Definition of Solution
0:07
Solute and Solvent
0:26
Example: Salt Water
0:35
Example: Carbonated Water
1:03
Dissolving
1:49
Dissolving
1:50
Example: Liquid Dissolves a Solid at the Surface of the Solid
3:54
Aqueous Solutions: Water as Solvent
4:42
Increasing the Rate of Dissolving
5:33
Stir
5:34
Crush
6:37
Heat
7:36
Solubility
8:31
Definition of Solubility
8:32
Compare the Solubility of Sugar in Water vs. Salt in Water
8:44
Factors that Affect Solubility
11:45
Concentration
12:45
Concentration
12:46
pH Scale
15:21
pH Scale: Acids, Neutral, and Bases
15:22
Acids and Bases
18:01
Chemical Properties
18:02
Physical Properties
18:43
pH Scale
19:31
Examples of Acids and Bases
19:36
Acids and Bases React Together to Form Salt and Water
20:09
Example 1: Identify the Solutes and Solvents for the Following Solutions
21:26
Example 2: Temperature and the Rate of Dissolving/Solubility of a Solid
23:57
Example 3: How Can You Make a Solution Have a Higher Concentration?
25:44
Example 4: Acids and Bases
27:57
Section 2: Physics
Waves

42m 35s

Intro
0:00
Waves
0:05
Introduction to Waves
0:06
Mechanical Waves
1:24
Electromagnetic Waves
1:50
Mechanical Waves
2:13
Transverse
2:14
Longitudinal (Compressional Waves)
4:00
Properties of Waves
7:26
Transverse and Compressional Waves: Wavelength
7:27
Transverse and Compressional Waves: Frequency (Hz)
9:32
Transverse and Compressional Waves: Amplitude
11:30
Wavelength and Frequency are Related
13:40
Wave Speeds
15:01
Wave Speeds
15:02
Behavior of Waves
18:06
Reflection
18:33
Refraction
22:42
Diffraction
24:25
Electromagnetic Waves
26:00
Electromagnetic Waves
26:01
Visible Light
30:49
Visible Light
30:50
Opaque
34:25
Translucent
34:54
Transparent
35:41
Example 1: Label the Transverse Wave
36:59
Example 2: Label the Compressional Wave
38:13
Example 3: What Happens to the Frequency of a Wave as the Wavelength Increases?
39:12
Example 4: Law of Reflection and Light Wave
40:48
Motion

37m 21s

Intro
0:00
Distance vs. Displacement
0:04
Distance
0:05
Displacement
0:49
Speed
4:47
Speed
4:48
Instantaneous Speed
6:14
Average Speed
6:40
Velocity
7:25
Distance-Time Graphs
8:21
Distance-Time Graphs
8:22
Acceleration
13:38
Acceleration Definition
13:39
Acceleration Equation
15:23
Positive Acceleration
18:43
Negative Acceleration
18:52
Speed-Time Graphs
20:56
Speed-Time Graphs
20:57
Example 1: Displacement, Distance, and Average Speed
25:15
Example 2: Velocities
28:02
Example 3: Acceleration
28:59
Example 4: Distance and Time
30:19
Example 5: Speed and Time
34:08
Forces

35m 3s

Intro
0:00
Force
0:04
Force Definition
0:05
Net Force
1:44
Balanced Forces
3:06
Unbalanced Forces
4:23
Forces Examples
5:09
Friction
7:53
Friction Definition
7:54
Static Friction
8:23
Sliding Friction
9:35
Rolling Friction
10:11
Fluid Friction
11:13
Air Resistance
12:10
Newton's Laws of Motion
14:06
First Law of Motion
14:07
Inertia
15:56
Newton's Laws Continued
17:13
Second Law of Motion
17:14
Third Law of Motion
18:35
Gravitational Force
24:17
Gravity and Gravitational Force
24:18
Example 1: Horizontal Force, Frictional Force, and Net Force
28:36
Example 2: Net Force and Acceleration
29:38
Example 3: Gravitational Force
30:35
Example 4: Force of Air Resistance and Net Force
32:32
Density & Buoyancy

23m 43s

Intro
0:00
Density
0:05
Definition of Density
0:06
Density = Mass / Volume
1:01
Density of Irregular Objects
3:58
Density of Irregular Objects
3:59
Buoyant Force
7:46
Buoyancy
7:47
Archimedes' Principle
9:23
Floating and Sinking
12:47
Floating and Sinking: Looking at Density
12:48
Example 1: Density of an Object
16:15
Example 2: Density of Yourself
17:28
Example 3: Using Archimedes' Principle to Predict If an Object Will Sink or Float in Water
19:38
Example 4: Will Aluminum, Gold, and Oil Float or Sink When Placed Into Water?
22:06
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