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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music Composition
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Voiceleading Principles

  • Review of Ranges and Clefs of String and Percussion Instruments
  • Composing a 4 Bar String Quartet

Voiceleading Principles

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Lesson Objectives 0:06
  • Principles of Part Writing 0:20
    • Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass
    • The Rules of SATB Part Writing
    • Rule Number One: Good Melody
    • Rule Number Two: Stay Within Range
    • Rule Number Three: Part of the Harmony
    • Rule Number Four: Keep Common Tones
    • An Example on the Keyboard
    • Rule Number Five: 7/7
    • 7/7 Explained
    • Rule Number Six: Undesired Parellel Motion
    • Rule Six Explained
  • Ranges: Soprano 6:52
    • Range of the Soprano Voice
    • Rule Can Still Apply to Instruments Written for Soprano Part
  • Ranges: Alto 7:33
    • Range of the Alto Voice
    • Soprano and Alto Use Treble Clef
  • Ranges: Tenor 7:56
    • Range of the Tenor Voice
    • Overlapping Into Treble Clef
  • Ranges: Bass 8:14
    • Range of the Bass Voice
  • Types of Motion: Parallel 8:22
    • What is Parallel Motion
    • Same Direction, Same Intervals
  • Types of Motion: Similar 9:00
    • What is Similar Motion
    • Different Intervals!
  • Types of Motion: Contrary 9:22
    • What is Contrary Motion
    • Opposite Directions
  • Types of Motion: Oblique 9:39
    • What is Oblique Motion
    • One Voice Must Be Static
  • Procedures: Avoid Parallel Motion of P8, P5 and Unisons 9:52
    • Addressing Rule Number Six
    • Not Acceptable
  • Example I: Begin With a Good Melody 10:43
  • Example II: Write the Inner Voices One Chord at a Time 12:22
  • Example III: Stay Within Range of the Voices 15:09
  • Example IV: 4 Measure of SATB 17:46