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Updated Biology Courses cardella

General Biology
Prof. Bryan Cardella, M.Ed.

ap biology eaton

AP Biology 
Dr. Carleen Eaton, M.D.

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  • Study Guides


  • The common, everyday use of the word "size" usually refers to volume. We speak of how much space an object occupies. Although molecules occupy space like all objects, when we talk about the size of a molecule, we're talking about its mass.

  • Biological molecules vary widely in mass. Small biological molecules have masses as low as 50-75 atomic mass units. In contrast, proteins can have masses of several hundred thousand atomic mass units.

  • The prefix "macro-," meaning large, is an appropriate description of the molecules we'll explore in this Lesson. As we'll see, most macromolecules are composed of smaller molecules such monosaccharides, fatty acids, or amino acids, bonded together in specific ways. The identity and arrangement of the components of a macromolecule play a crucial role in determining its biological function.