WEBVTT mathematics/algebra-1/smith
00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:02.500
Welcome back to www.educator.com.
00:00:02.500 --> 00:00:12.200
In this lesson we will be taking a look at more about the slopes of lines and how we can use that to better graph.
00:00:12.200 --> 00:00:17.500
Specifically some of the information that we went up looking at is how we can first determine the slope of line
00:00:17.500 --> 00:00:25.900
whether we are just given a couple of points or whether we have the entire graph of that line.
00:00:25.900 --> 00:00:32.400
Once we know more about slope we will be able to learn how to graph the entire thing using its slope and its y-intercept.
00:00:32.400 --> 00:00:35.500
This will bring about many different forms that you can represent a line.
00:00:35.500 --> 00:00:39.700
We will learn about switching back and forth between these many forms.
00:00:39.700 --> 00:00:43.600
We will learn about some very special lines, the ones that are vertical and horizontal.
00:00:43.600 --> 00:00:50.700
Look for those equations so you can easily recognize them in the future.
00:00:50.700 --> 00:00:56.500
When it comes to a line, there is actually many ways that you can go about graphing or representing that line.
00:00:56.500 --> 00:01:02.200
You can write it in standard form, slope intercept form and point slope form.
00:01:02.200 --> 00:01:08.600
For now I will be mainly concerned with these first 2 forms, the standard form and the slope intercept form.
00:01:08.600 --> 00:01:14.000
We will get more into the point slope form in another lesson.
00:01:14.000 --> 00:01:21.700
When it comes to standard form, it looks a lot like this ax + by = c.
00:01:21.700 --> 00:01:29.200
The way you want to recognize a standard form if you ever come across it, is that both of your x’s and y’s will be on the same side of the equation.
00:01:29.200 --> 00:01:32.700
We like to usually put them on the left side.
00:01:32.700 --> 00:01:42.600
There are no fractions or decimals present in the equation so the a, b, and c, those are nice whole numbers in there.
00:01:42.600 --> 00:01:46.600
The x term here will be positive that is the a value.
00:01:46.600 --> 00:01:54.200
We do not want to be a -6 or -7, we usually like to be 3, a nice positive value.
00:01:54.200 --> 00:02:02.000
The reason why this form of the line will be so important is that if you have a line in standard form, it usually easy to graph.
00:02:02.000 --> 00:02:06.700
The way we go about graphing something in standard form is we use its intercepts.
00:02:06.700 --> 00:02:10.600
That is where it crosses the x and y axis.
00:02:10.600 --> 00:02:20.500
The reason why the intercepts are so nice for our standard form is because when it does cross one of those axis, one of the values either x or y will be 0.
00:02:20.500 --> 00:02:25.300
It will be making a table, but it would not be that big.
00:02:25.300 --> 00:02:31.200
Let us do a quick example of something in standard form to see how easy it is to graph.
00:02:31.200 --> 00:02:34.400
In this one I have 7x + 2y = 14.
00:02:34.400 --> 00:02:40.200
You can see that it is in a standard form because I have both of my x’s and y’s on the same side.
00:02:40.200 --> 00:02:49.600
I do not see any fractions, no decimals and the coefficient of x here is positive, a nice 7.
00:02:49.600 --> 00:02:54.600
In order to graph this, I will find its x and y intercepts.
00:02:54.600 --> 00:03:04.200
I will make my chart here rather than picking a lot of different points, I will look at where x = 0 and where y = 0.
00:03:04.200 --> 00:03:07.200
Watch what this does to the equation.
00:03:07.200 --> 00:03:16.600
If I use 0 for x, then it is going to get rid of the entire x term.
00:03:16.600 --> 00:03:21.600
Since 7 × 0 right here, all of that is just going to go away.
00:03:21.600 --> 00:03:32.400
I just have to solve the nice simple equation 2y = 14 which I can do by dividing both sides by 2.
00:03:32.400 --> 00:03:38.800
I know that one of my intercepts, my y-intercept is at 0, 7, nice and simple.
00:03:38.800 --> 00:03:42.100
Let us do the same thing by putting in a 0 for y.
00:03:42.100 --> 00:03:49.600
7x + 2 × 0 = 14.
00:03:49.600 --> 00:03:57.400
You will see that 0 is in there and again it is going to get rid of this term entirely since 2 × 0 is 0.
00:03:57.400 --> 00:04:08.900
Then I have 7x = 14, divide both sides by 7 and we will get x = 2.
00:04:08.900 --> 00:04:12.700
Now that I have both of these points, we will put them on our graph.
00:04:12.700 --> 00:04:32.800
0-7,0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 way up here and the other 1, 2, 0 over here.
00:04:32.800 --> 00:04:36.900
Connect those intercepts and I will get the graph of the entire line.
00:04:36.900 --> 00:04:44.200
One disadvantage with using just the intercepts to graph a line is if you make a mistake on one of them, it is often hard to catch.
00:04:44.200 --> 00:04:51.800
If you want to get around that problem, it might not be a bad idea to actually put in an additional point to see what happens with the graph.
00:04:51.800 --> 00:05:00.800
That way if you do make a mistake with one of them you be able to quickly see that they are not all in a straight line.
00:05:00.800 --> 00:05:07.500
To understand some of the other forms like slope intercept form, you have to understand a lot more about slope.
00:05:07.500 --> 00:05:10.000
What exactly is this slope?
00:05:10.000 --> 00:05:18.700
If I had to describe it, it is a measure of the steepness of a line, how steep is a line, if it is shallows or more steep?
00:05:18.700 --> 00:05:21.700
Can you attach a number to that steepness?
00:05:21.700 --> 00:05:24.600
What we do and we call it the slope.
00:05:24.600 --> 00:05:29.300
In many equations we will use the letter m to represent that slope.
00:05:29.300 --> 00:05:31.500
How do we attach a number to the steepness?
00:05:31.500 --> 00:05:40.400
What we will do is we take 2 points from the line and we end up looking at the difference in the y values over the difference in the x values.
00:05:40.400 --> 00:05:45.600
This gives us a nice equation for figuring out the slope of a line.
00:05:45.600 --> 00:05:50.900
You will see these whole numbers in here and you can interpret that as each of these points.
00:05:50.900 --> 00:06:00.500
These x’s and y’s come from point number 1 and this other one, these values come from point number 2.
00:06:00.500 --> 00:06:13.500
In our work later, it is often a good idea to label one of your points as .2, and one of this is .1, just we do not mix up things in the slope formula.
00:06:13.500 --> 00:06:16.200
You may have also heard of other ways to describe slope.
00:06:16.200 --> 00:06:24.100
One of the most common is to call slope the rise of the line divided by the run of the line or simply rise over run.
00:06:24.100 --> 00:06:28.600
That is actually a good way to remember how it is related to its steepness.
00:06:28.600 --> 00:06:41.200
Its change in the rise would be the y direction and this change in the run would be the x direction.
00:06:41.200 --> 00:06:45.500
One thing that may throw you off is that sometimes there is a negative sign in the slope.
00:06:45.500 --> 00:06:53.800
You can interpret that negative line sign as whether you are going up in your rise or down, or do you need to go left or right in your run.
00:06:53.800 --> 00:06:57.300
Let me go ahead and pick this is apart.
00:06:57.300 --> 00:07:03.800
If you see a positive sign in the top then think of going up on your rise.
00:07:03.800 --> 00:07:11.100
If you see a negative sign then think of going down.
00:07:11.100 --> 00:07:18.800
With the run if it is positive, you will end up going right and if it is negative, then go left.
00:07:18.800 --> 00:07:25.300
To make it a little bit more sense once we start seeing some more lines.
00:07:25.300 --> 00:07:30.400
Maybe I can give me a quick example right here.
00:07:30.400 --> 00:07:45.700
A line like this, I can say that maybe the rise is 5 and run over here is 4 so the slope will be equal 5/4.
00:07:45.700 --> 00:07:56.800
If I had a different line like this, I can see them going down and then I have to go right.
00:07:56.800 --> 00:08:07.900
Since I’m going down, I will mark this one as -3 maybe this one over here as 5, then I will have a slope of -3/5.
00:08:07.900 --> 00:08:12.600
In practice 1, if I do have a negative sign in my slope, I usually just give it to the top part of the fraction.
00:08:12.600 --> 00:08:16.000
That way I only have to remember about going up and down.
00:08:16.000 --> 00:08:22.800
I do not even have to worry about left and right since the bottom is positive.
00:08:22.800 --> 00:08:27.300
Another word of warning, be careful not to mix up all your points.
00:08:27.300 --> 00:08:35.900
If you have your y values from point 2 being first then take the x values from point 2 being first as well.
00:08:35.900 --> 00:08:43.100
I also use the sign of this to give you a little bit more intuition as to which direction that line should be facing.
00:08:43.100 --> 00:08:47.400
There are only a few instances of what your line can look like.
00:08:47.400 --> 00:08:54.200
It could be going from the lower left to the upper right and that is an indication that your slope is going to be positive,
00:08:54.200 --> 00:09:03.000
since both your rise and your run are going to be positive numbers.
00:09:03.000 --> 00:09:10.700
If your line is going from the upper left to the lower right and you are going to have a negative slope.
00:09:10.700 --> 00:09:17.300
This will be because your rise is negative, but your run is positive.
00:09:17.300 --> 00:09:22.500
The other 2 special cases that you have to come and watch out for is what happens when your slope is 0
00:09:22.500 --> 00:09:25.100
and what happens when it is undefined.
00:09:25.100 --> 00:09:30.200
In these 2 instances, you either have the alignment as completely horizontal.
00:09:30.200 --> 00:09:40.000
This is when you have a 0 slope and it is completely up and down if you have an undefined slope.
00:09:40.000 --> 00:09:46.700
Let us get into our examples and see how we can start finding our slope just from a couple of points.
00:09:46.700 --> 00:09:52.900
With these ones we will use the formula for the slope of the line to pick it apart.
00:09:52.900 --> 00:10:10.000
I’m going to try and keep things a little bit together by marking these out as point number 2 and I will mark the other one out as point number 1.
00:10:10.000 --> 00:10:12.800
In the formula, here is what we are looking at.
00:10:12.800 --> 00:10:22.400
Our slope should take our y values and subtract them all over our x values and subtract those.
00:10:22.400 --> 00:10:36.000
Notice how I’m keeping things all lined up, I have both of my x and y from point 2 over here and both my x and y from point 1over here.
00:10:36.000 --> 00:10:38.200
Let us put in some values.
00:10:38.200 --> 00:10:54.000
I need the y value from point number 2, that is a 4 then we will minus our y value from point number 1 that is -1.
00:10:54.000 --> 00:11:07.800
All over x value from point number 2, -2 and x value from point 1, -1.
00:11:07.800 --> 00:11:12.200
Notice I’m subtracting these even though they already have a negative sign in them.
00:11:12.200 --> 00:11:14.700
Be very careful on your signs with that.
00:11:14.700 --> 00:11:23.200
Looking at the top, 4 - -1 is the same as 4 +1 = 5.
00:11:23.200 --> 00:11:30.100
-2 - -1is the same as -2 + 1= -1.
00:11:30.100 --> 00:11:42.400
It looks like this slope for the first one 5/-1 I will just get a slope of -5 between these 2 points.
00:11:42.400 --> 00:11:51.700
It does not matter which one you will label as point number 2 or point number 1 just as long as you keep them straight.
00:11:51.700 --> 00:12:00.900
I’m going to switch which ones I’m calling point number 2 and point number 1 just to highlight this, but you will get the same either way.
00:12:00.900 --> 00:12:07.600
Let us start off, I want to subtract my y2 from my y1.
00:12:07.600 --> 00:12:32.300
Y2 is 6 – y1 6, my x2 is -5 and my x1 is 3.
00:12:32.300 --> 00:12:36.700
On the top of this, I have 6 - 6 giving us 0.
00:12:36.700 --> 00:12:44.500
On the bottom I have -5 - 3 - 8 and 0 divide by anything is 0.
00:12:44.500 --> 00:12:47.400
This indicates that our slope is 0.
00:12:47.400 --> 00:12:52.300
This is one of our special cases where we have a horizontal line, it is completely horizontal.
00:12:52.300 --> 00:13:09.600
Let us do one more, point number 2 and point number 1.
00:13:09.600 --> 00:13:24.500
The slope for this I will take my y value from the second point I will subtract the y value from the first one.
00:13:24.500 --> 00:13:34.200
Then to our x’s, x from our second point minus x from our first point.
00:13:34.200 --> 00:13:46.400
Now we will work to simplify, 5 - -4 is the same as 5 + 4 =9, 3 – 3 =0.
00:13:46.400 --> 00:13:58.900
Be very careful with this one, we can not divide by 0.
00:13:58.900 --> 00:14:01.500
Whatever that mean, it will get us around the bottom.
00:14:01.500 --> 00:14:04.900
This is indicating that our slope is undefined.
00:14:04.900 --> 00:14:07.400
It is not that there is not a line there, there is a line.
00:14:07.400 --> 00:14:11.600
The line is just completely straight up and- own, it is our vertical line.
00:14:11.600 --> 00:14:27.800
Just to make this a little more clear, I will say slope is undefined or sometimes we might say that there is no slope.
00:14:27.800 --> 00:14:35.000
In order to know a lot more about slope, we will get a little bit more into the slope intercept form.
00:14:35.000 --> 00:14:40.100
Slope intercept form looks like this, y = mx + b.
00:14:40.100 --> 00:14:45.800
The way you can recognize this form is that the y will be completely alone on one side of the equation.
00:14:45.800 --> 00:14:49.100
Usually I like to put it on the left side.
00:14:49.100 --> 00:14:56.000
Our slope will usually be represented by that m and we will put it right next to the x.
00:14:56.000 --> 00:14:59.800
The b in this equation stands for our y-intercept of the line.
00:14:59.800 --> 00:15:05.800
That is where it crosses the y axis on our Cartesian coordinate system.
00:15:05.800 --> 00:15:13.200
The reason why that this form is usually everyone's favorite is because it makes graphing a nice and simple process.
00:15:13.200 --> 00:15:18.800
The way it makes a graphing so nice for us, is we start at the y intercept.
00:15:18.800 --> 00:15:22.500
Just rely from the graph by whatever that d value is.
00:15:22.500 --> 00:15:29.300
What we do is we use the slope as directions on how to get to another point on our graph.
00:15:29.300 --> 00:15:33.900
Let me give you a real quick example of how this would work in practice.
00:15:33.900 --> 00:15:45.000
I have 1/7x + 3.
00:15:45.000 --> 00:15:51.900
The very first thing that I would do is I would look over here at the y intercept and I would take its value.
00:15:51.900 --> 00:16:07.600
I know that this particular line crosses the y axis 3 and I would put a point on the y axis right at 3.
00:16:07.600 --> 00:16:15.700
Starting at that y-intercept, I would use the slope as directions to get to another point.
00:16:15.700 --> 00:16:20.100
Keep in mind that it is the same as rise over run.
00:16:20.100 --> 00:16:34.800
Starting at that y-intercept, I will go up one into the right 7, up 1 to the right 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
00:16:34.800 --> 00:16:46.500
Now that I have 2 points, I can go ahead and connect them and make the entire graph of this equation.
00:16:46.500 --> 00:16:56.100
One you start with the y-intercept and two you use the slope as directions to get to a second point.
00:16:56.100 --> 00:17:01.700
Let us see this in action by actually graphing out some linear equations.
00:17:01.700 --> 00:17:09.400
They said before let us start here on the nth with our y-intercept and make that our first point that we put on the graph.
00:17:09.400 --> 00:17:18.300
This one is -5, it crosses the y axis down here at -5, it looks good.
00:17:18.300 --> 00:17:30.300
In terms of our slope, we want to think of this as rise over run so starting at that y intercept, we go up 3 and to the right 4.
00:17:30.300 --> 00:17:43.100
1, 2, 3 to the right, 1, 2, 3, 4 and now we have a second point.
00:17:43.100 --> 00:17:52.900
Now that we have 2 points, simply connect them to a nice solid line and there is your entire graph.
00:17:52.900 --> 00:17:54.700
It makes the graphing process much easier.
00:17:54.700 --> 00:18:01.800
You do not even have to worry about the table and doing all of those values.
00:18:01.800 --> 00:18:03.000
Let us try this one.
00:18:03.000 --> 00:18:07.500
Graph the line using the y intercept and the slope.
00:18:07.500 --> 00:18:19.300
On the back in here, I see that my y-intercept is 3 and that will be the first point on my graph.
00:18:19.300 --> 00:18:27.600
My slope is -2, how will that work with rise over run?
00:18:27.600 --> 00:18:31.200
It does not look like a fraction like in some of my other examples.
00:18:31.200 --> 00:18:35.900
It does not feel free to turn it into a fraction by simply putting it over 1.
00:18:35.900 --> 00:18:52.000
This tells me that I need to go down 2 since that is negative and to the right 1, down -2 and right 1, now I have a second point right there.
00:18:52.000 --> 00:19:01.900
I can draw the entire graph, very nice.
00:19:01.900 --> 00:19:12.400
We have both of these forms under our standard form and our slope intercept form,
00:19:12.400 --> 00:19:19.600
you may be curious which one should you be using most of the time.
00:19:19.600 --> 00:19:22.700
Both of them are good for graphing.
00:19:22.700 --> 00:19:29.000
And what I often recommend is if you have to graph something and it is already in standard form, just go ahead and use the intercept.
00:19:29.000 --> 00:19:30.900
It is usually one of the quickest ways to do it.
00:19:30.900 --> 00:19:37.800
If it is already in slope intercept form then use its y intercept and slope as a direction to the second point and graph it that way.
00:19:37.800 --> 00:19:39.500
That is usually the quickest.
00:19:39.500 --> 00:19:48.000
If you do have to switch back and forth between these 2 maybe you are more comfortable with slope intercept form, then feel free to do so.
00:19:48.000 --> 00:19:55.500
If you have something that is in some other form and you want to get in the slope intercept form then the process is pretty quick.
00:19:55.500 --> 00:20:00.200
What you should do is simply solve for y and get it all by itself on one side of the equation.
00:20:00.200 --> 00:20:06.300
In doing so, you will be able to better see what it slope is and the y-intercept.
00:20:06.300 --> 00:20:12.400
Not very many people go the other direction, but potentially you could end up rewriting something into standard form.
00:20:12.400 --> 00:20:14.900
There is a lot more criteria that go in there.
00:20:14.900 --> 00:20:21.100
One of the first things is you should get both of your x’s and y’s on the same side.
00:20:21.100 --> 00:20:25.800
Then you want to make sure that your constant is on the other side.
00:20:25.800 --> 00:20:31.100
Only x’s and y’s on one, constant on the other.
00:20:31.100 --> 00:20:33.100
Try and clear out your fractions by multiplying by a common denominator.
00:20:33.100 --> 00:20:37.600
a, b, and c should not be fractions.
00:20:37.600 --> 00:20:43.400
Then look at the coefficient in front of x and it should be positive.
00:20:43.400 --> 00:20:49.900
If that is not positive, then multiply it by -1 and make it positive.
00:20:49.900 --> 00:20:59.600
More practice switching back and forth so we can see how this process works.
00:20:59.600 --> 00:21:02.300
Even though we have our standard form and our slope intercept form.
00:21:02.300 --> 00:21:08.400
You want to be aware that there are 2 special cases and we seen them come up but once before.
00:21:08.400 --> 00:21:15.300
We have some lines that are completely vertical and some that are horizontal.
00:21:15.300 --> 00:21:20.900
The vertical ones are straight up and down, and the horizontal ones are left and right.
00:21:20.900 --> 00:21:29.300
The way you can recognize their equations are they are simply x equals a number or y equals a number.
00:21:29.300 --> 00:21:36.300
You may see something like x = 2, maybe this is like y = 15.
00:21:36.300 --> 00:21:44.000
For the one it says x equals these are your vertical lines.
00:21:44.000 --> 00:21:51.800
For the one that says y equals these are your horizontal lines.
00:21:51.800 --> 00:21:58.400
The way that they can keep in track of which one should be horizontal and which one should be vertical is the way you interpret them.
00:21:58.400 --> 00:22:10.200
If you have an equation like x = 2, what that is trying to tell you is that the x value no matter where you are in that line is always 2.
00:22:10.200 --> 00:22:14.700
If my line looks something like that and I decide to pick up some individual points,
00:22:14.700 --> 00:22:26.300
no matter what point I pick out I can be sure that the x value will be 2, no matter where I am on that line.
00:22:26.300 --> 00:22:44.000
In a similar fashion, if I’m looking at y = 15, no matter where I am on that line I should end up with the y value being 15.
00:22:44.000 --> 00:22:51.100
Watch for these 2 special cases to come up in my examples.
00:22:51.100 --> 00:22:55.600
Let us first work on switching back and forth between these 2 different forms.
00:22:55.600 --> 00:23:03.000
What I have here is a line in standard form and we want to put it into slope intercept form and we want to put it into slope intercept form.
00:23:03.000 --> 00:23:08.300
I want to actually go through the process of graphing it and I’m more familiar with slope intercept.
00:23:08.300 --> 00:23:14.800
When I already did take this and put it in to that other form, I need to solve for y.
00:23:14.800 --> 00:23:27.500
Let us start by moving the 7x to the other side, 2y = -7x + 14.
00:23:27.500 --> 00:23:35.700
And then we will divide everything by 2 and that should get our y completely by itself.
00:23:35.700 --> 00:23:47.200
Notice on the right side there, I have to divide both of those terms by 2, -7/2 x + 7.
00:23:47.200 --> 00:23:55.600
The most important part about writing it in this new form is now I can easily identify what my y intercept is.
00:23:55.600 --> 00:24:01.000
It looks like it 7 and I can more easily identify what my slope is.
00:24:01.000 --> 00:24:10.400
It has a slope of -7/2 and I know it is facing down from the upper left to the lower right.
00:24:10.400 --> 00:24:11.800
Let us go to the other direction.
00:24:11.800 --> 00:24:17.800
Let us take a line that is written in slope intercept form and put it into standard form.
00:24:17.800 --> 00:24:20.700
It requires a little bit more work but we can do it.
00:24:20.700 --> 00:24:26.100
The first thing I’m going to do is try and work to get my x’s and y’s on the same side.
00:24:26.100 --> 00:24:41.500
I will subtract 1/2x on both sides, -1/2x + y = 3.
00:24:41.500 --> 00:24:46.900
I want to make sure that my constant is on the other side, that is the 3 and it is already there.
00:24:46.900 --> 00:24:52.300
I want to get rid of all fractions so I need to get rid of that ½.
00:24:52.300 --> 00:25:00.200
I can do this if I multiply both sides of the equation by a common denominator and in this case that would be 2.
00:25:00.200 --> 00:25:07.000
-x + 2y = 6, we are almost there.
00:25:07.000 --> 00:25:10.600
You can see that it certainly look a lot more like that standard.
00:25:10.600 --> 00:25:15.400
The last thing we need to make sure is that the coefficient in front of x is positive.
00:25:15.400 --> 00:25:18.500
Right now looks like it is negative, I already fixed that.
00:25:18.500 --> 00:25:27.800
I will multiply everything through by -1.
00:25:27.800 --> 00:25:44.200
-1 × -x would be x and -1 × 2y = -2y, equals -6.
00:25:44.200 --> 00:25:47.100
This form is in standard form.
00:25:47.100 --> 00:25:50.800
They might be looking at it and say what good is that? Why would you want it in standard form?
00:25:50.800 --> 00:26:00.600
Remember that you can graph it in standard form now by simply looking at its intercepts plugging in at 0 for x and 0 for y.
00:26:00.600 --> 00:26:03.400
Let us get into some very special cases.
00:26:03.400 --> 00:26:08.100
We want to graph the line y =5.
00:26:08.100 --> 00:26:10.200
There is not much of the equation to look at.
00:26:10.200 --> 00:26:13.700
What should be the slope? What should be the y intercept?
00:26:13.700 --> 00:26:17.700
This is one of our special cases, y equals a number.
00:26:17.700 --> 00:26:23.800
Since it is y over here, this is going to help me indicate that this is going to be a horizontal line.
00:26:23.800 --> 00:26:28.100
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 would be one point.
00:26:28.100 --> 00:26:36.200
I will just make a giant horizontal line with all points y = 5 and double checking this make sense.
00:26:36.200 --> 00:26:45.700
If I was to pick a point on a line at random, in this case it is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 its y value is 5.
00:26:45.700 --> 00:26:58.200
If I pick something over here, its y value is still 5 no matter where you go on this line its y value will always be 5.
00:26:58.200 --> 00:27:03.600
One last special case, this is x = -2.
00:27:03.600 --> 00:27:10.800
This will be a vertical line straight up and down because we are dealing with x over here.
00:27:10.800 --> 00:27:21.400
I’m at x = -2 and we will make it straight up and down.
00:27:21.400 --> 00:27:43.400
The reason why this makes sense is no matter what point you choose on line, as a way up here at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 the x value will always be 2.
00:27:43.400 --> 00:27:48.500
With the slope of this one, remember that its slope is undefined.
00:27:48.500 --> 00:27:55.900
There you have it some have very nice techniques you can use for graphing lines and now 2 forms that you can use to represent lines.
00:27:55.900 --> 00:27:58.000
Thanks for watching www.educator.com.