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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Intro to Psychology
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Post by Peter Fraser on August 12, 2015

I wonder if this ingroup bias is both "nested" and "dynamic", in that when some sort of threat affects both the "us" ingroup and the "them" outgroups at the same time, does the ingroup seek commonalities among the outgroups (and vice versa) to counter the threat?  So if the "us" ingroup comprises people from the north of a country who rival and have a prejudicial mind-set towards the "them" outgroup comprised of people from the south of the same country; then, if that country is threatened by war, do the members of both the ingroup and outgroup overcome their prejudices to form a new "we" ingroup mind-set?  If so, the biases of this larger "we" ingroup will predominately relate to a more generic national identity mind-set that will dominate the still extant biases within the original "us" or "them" groups that predominately relate to the more specific regional identity mind-set.  Once the threat of war is over, the regional mind-set of the “us” and “them” groups will eventually dominate the “we” ingroup national identity mind-set.

Social Relations: Prejudice & Aggression

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Prejudice 0:09
    • Social Psychology
    • Prejudice
    • Usually Directed at Different Cultural, Ethnic, or Gender Groups
    • Prejudice Involves Beliefs, Emotions, and Predisposition to Action
  • Attitudinal Roots of Prejudice 1:48
    • Developing Prejudice Attitudes
    • Just-World Phenomenon
    • Stereotypes Rationalize Inequalities
    • Blame-the-Victim
  • Ingroup Bias 5:46
    • The Groups We Associated With Help Define Us
    • 'Us' and 'Them'
    • Ingroup Bias
    • Ingroup Bias Occurs Naturally
    • Ingroup Bias Predisposes Prejudice Against Strangers
  • Emotional Roots of Prejudice 9:53
    • Prejudice Usually Carries an Emotional Element
    • Scapegoat Theory of Prejudice
    • When Is Prejudice Higher
    • Anger and Frustration Create Aggression Which Raises Prejudice Attitudes to a Violent Level
  • Cognitive Roots of Prejudice 12:40
    • Cognitively Process Information Can Lead to Prejudice
    • Own-Race Bias
    • Remember and Over generalize Memorable Or Vivid Stories
  • Aggression 15:32
    • Defining Aggression
    • Stems From the Interaction of Biology and Psychology
    • Biologically, Aggression Comes from Genetics, Neural System, and Biochemicals
    • Frustration-Aggression Principle
    • Social and Cultural Factors Play a Role in Aggression
    • Learned Behavior: Rewarded or Punished
    • Fight for What You Need and Don't Back Down
    • Watching Violence on TV Desensitizes Those to Violence and Correlates with Feelings of Hostility and Aggression
  • Summary 23:44