While revolution is often used as a synonym for rotation, in many fields, particularly astronomy and related fields, revolution, often referred to as orbital revolution for clarity, is used when one body moves around another while rotation is used to mean the movement around an axis. Moons revolve around their planet, planets revolve about their star (such as the Earth around the Sun); and stars slowly revolve about their galaxial center. The motion of the components of galaxies is complex, but it usually includes a rotation component. A Rotation is simply a progressive radial orientation to a common point. That common point lay within the axis of that motion. The axis is 90 degrees perpendicular to the plane of the motion. If the axis of the rotation lay external of the body in question then the body is said to Orbit. There is no fundamental difference between a rotation and a orbit. The key distinction is simply where the axis of the rotation lay, either within or without a body in question. This distinction is and can be demonstrated in and for both ridged and non ridged bodies.
Motion in Two Dimensions, Part 2: Circular Dimension
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.