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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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Lecture Comments (2)

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Post by Jane McRae on October 4, 2013

I still do not see the slides from this!

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Post by Jane McRae on September 22, 2013

I cannot download the lecture slides from this lecture.


  • Biggest development of time period
  • Came from simple monody or staging a story with song and text
  • Text is called recitative
  • Aria: features one singer, usually mezzo soprano, and was over the top virtuosic
  • Roots in Venice and Italy; spread to France and rest of Europe later in 17th century
  • Opera houses built, operas composed, and became entertainment for day


Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Hello Divas! 0:30
    • Intense Development of Opera
    • Started from Monody: Short, Staged Works
    • Speech Inspired Continuous Song
    • Continuo: Group Playing Bass Line or Basic Accompaniment
    • Recitative: Speechlike Reiteration of the Same Note
    • Used to Tell the Story to the Audience
  • Let's Go to Venice 3:49
    • Opera Became Popular in Venice (1640)
    • Opera Houses were Built, 350 Operas Composed in 40 Years
  • Characteristics 5:44
    • Arias: Diva Solo
    • Da Capo Aria: Aria with Three Sections
    • First: Presentation of Music for Voice and Orchestra
    • Second: Huge Contrast from First Section
    • Third: Repeat of the First Section with a Twist (Improvisation)
    • Intended to Show Off the Divas
    • Singing was Technical and Virtuosic
  • Opera in France 7:45
    • Lully Popularized Opera in France
    • Had Rights to Compose Operas from 1673-1687
    • French Operas were Much Different
    • Tragedie-Lyrique: Serious Texts
    • Not Public
    • More Dramatic
    • Always Contained an Instrumental Ballet
  • Opera Seria 10:12
    • Spread throughout Europe in the 1700s
    • Scarlatti
    • Italian Overture
    • Handel
    • Hasse
    • Characteristics of Opera Seria
    • Story Based on History or Legend
    • No Comedy
    • Focus on Virtuosic Singer
    • Recitative Furthers Plot
    • Aria is for Commentary and Showiness
  • Review 12:51
    • Started by Monody: Speech Inspired Song
    • Took Off in Venice
    • Opera Seria