Anatomy describes the form, structure, and location of body parts, while physiology explains their function in important processes and how they relate to each other. Anatomy begins with understanding the building blocks of matter. Sub-atomic particles like protons, neutrons, and electrons form atoms, such as oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen, the most common elements in the human body. Atoms combine to form molecules, which can range from two atoms to several hundred as in macromolecules. Bigger structures include organs, which are composed of tissues made of cells which contain organelles. Organ systems (e.g. respiratory and circulatory), cooperate to form organisms. In anatomy, positions in the body are carefully described according to their relative positions (i.e. anterior vs. posterior); body planes (coronal vs. sagittal and transverse); and quadrants and regions.
Anatomy is the study of the location and makeup of body parts, while Physiology is the study of the functions of the various parts and the processes involved with them
The building blocks of matter (from atom to organism) are important for understanding how the parts of the body are built and how they work
Relative position terms are necessary for demonstrating how body parts are arranged with respect to other parts
The 3 body planes (coronal, sagittal, transverse) correspond to the 3 dimensions in space and pertain to internal views or cuts through bodily organs
The abdominopelvic region can be broken up into 4 quadrants or 9 regions named after their location/organs contained within
Did you know…
Q: Is the heart posterior to the to the breastbone (sternum) or deep to it?
A: Both. Either one of those relative position terms is applicable to the heart and its location compared to the sternum. “Posterior” tends to be used with any organ that is closer to the back, while “deep” is used usually as a layering term. For instance, it would be more accurate to use “deep” when comparing the rib cage to the lungs. The lungs are deep to the rib cage (you wouldn’t use posterior there because when you view a transverse cross section of the rib cage it becomes clear that they are closer to the surface of the body, rather than being “in front” or “behind” the lungs)
Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.
This book is the ninth edition of the top-selling Human Anatomy & Physiology text and the authors have produced the most accessible, comprehensive, up-to-date and visually stunning anatomy & physiology textbook on the market.. It presents information in smaller and more digestible bites, making it easier to read and navigate.
This book has a superb balance between structure and function and continue to emphasize the correlations between normal physiology and pathophysiology, normal anatomy and pathology, and homeostasis and homeostatic imbalances. The acclaimed illustration program continues to be refined and is unsurpassed in the market. The thirteenth edition is fully integrated with a host of innovative electronic media, including WileyPlus 5.0 (access purchased separately.) No other text and package offers a teaching and learning environment as rich and complete.
This book includes updated examples, references, and dozens of illustrations. Readers of the new edition will come to understand the meanings of terms in anatomy and physiology, get to know the body's anatomical structures, and gain insight into how the structures and systems function in sickness and health. It also features updated information on how systems function in illness and in health.